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The La^v 
Trained Man 

By W. C. Weemuth 
Secretary, Blackstone Institute 

Black STONE Institute 

The Sprague Correspondence School of Law 

Jackson Boxilevard 



Copyright, 1915 








The Sprague Correspondence School of Law. 

(The Oldest and Largest Institution for Law Training in 

the World.) 


(The Members of the Staff 
Modern American Law 

Griffith Ogden Ellis, LL.B. 
Arthur L. Sanborn, LL.B. 
Eugene A. Gilmore, A.B., LL.B. 
Russell Whitman, A.B., LL.B. 
Leo Greendlinger, M.C.S., C.P.A. 
William N. Gemmill, Ph.B., LL.D. 
Oliver A. Harker, A.M., LL.D. 

Prepare and Conduct the 
Course and Service.) 

William Hoynes, L.L.D., K.S.C. 
George G. Bogert, A.B., LL.B. 
Herbert F. DeBower, LL.B. 
William G. Hale, B.S., LL.B. 
John G. Campbell, A.B., LL.B. 
Francis L. Harwood, A.B., LL.B. 
Arthur M. Harris. 
Edgar A. Jonas, Lit.B., LL.B. 

Special Lecturers* 

(The Special Lecturers Prepare Written Lectures for the 
Modern American Law Course and Service.) 

Hon. Paul S. Reinsch, A.B., 

Ph.D., LL.B. 
Hon. William C. Fitts 
Bruce Wyman, A.M., LL.B. 
Edgar A. Bancroft, M.A., LL.B. 
Henry H. Ingersoll, M.A., 

William C. Jones, A.B., M.A. 
Philip Nichols, A.B., LL.B. 
Lawrence Chamberlain, M.A. 
James L. Hopkins, LL.B. 

Hon. John L. Burnett, M.C. 
Arthur W. Blakemore, A.B., 

WilliamL. Burdick, Ph.D., LL.B. 
William L. Symons, LL.M., 

George F. Tucker, Ph.D., LL.B. 
Harvey N. Shepard, A.B. 
George F. Wells, LL.D. 
T. J. Moll, Ph.B., LL.B. 
Edwin Maxey, D.C.L., LL.D. 

Editors of Modern American Law'' 

Etjgene Allen Gilmore, A.B., LL.B. 

Associate Editor 
William C. Webmuth, M.S., LL.B. 

•Biogrraphical notes are to be found in Chapter X. 

[ 3 ] 

Aittliors of Modem American Law^ 

John B. Winslow, A.B., LL.D. 
Orrin N. Carter, LL.D. 
Arthur L. Sanborn, LL.B. 
Emlin McClain, A.M., LL.D.** 
George C. Holt, A.B., LL.D. 
William N. Gemmill, Ph.B., 

Philip Nichols, A.B., LL.B. 
L Maurice Wormser, A.B., 

John R. Rood, LL.B. 

C. A. Huston, A.B., J.D., S.J.D. 
John Wurts, M.A., LL.B., M.L. 
William P. Rogers, A.B., LL.D. 
Bruce Wyman, A.M., LL.B. 
Paul S. Reinsch, Ph.D., LL.B. 
G. L. Clark, A.B., LL.B., S.J.D. 
William L. Burdick, Ph.D., 

William E. Mikell, B.S. 
William E. Higgins, B.S.,LL.B 
Henry W. Ballantine, A.B., 

Frederick W. Schenk 

D. 0. McGovney, A.M., LL.B. 
George F. Wells, LL.D. 
William C. Jones, A.B., M.A. 
John H. Perry, M.A., LL.B. 
Charles S. Cutting, LL.D. 
Oliver A. Harker, A.M., LL.D. 
Frank L. Simpson, A.B., LL.B. 
Charles M. Hepburn, A.B., 

Charles E. Carpenter, A.M., 

Harvey N. Shepard, A.B. 
Henry W. Humble. A.M., LL.B. 
Henry H. IngersoU, M.A., 

John N. Pomeroy, A.M., LL.B. 
W. L. Symons, LL.M., M.P.L. 
Barry Gilbert, A.B., LL.B. 
Edwin Maxey, D.C.L., LL.D. 
George Lawyer, A.M., LL.B. 
John T. Loughran, LL.B. 
Theophilus J. Moll, P^.B., 

James W. McCreery 
George G. Bogert, A.B., LL.B. 
Edward D. Osborn 
Arthur W. Blakemore, A.B., 

James L. Hopkins, LL.B. 
William G. Hale, B.S., LL.B. 
George F. Tucker, Ph.D., LL.B. 
James W. Garner, B.S., Ph.D. 
R. L. Henry, Ph.B., J.D., B.C.L 
Louis B. Ewbank, LL.B. 
John Charles Townes, LL.D. 
Elmer M. Liessmann, LL.B. 
William A. Ferguson, A.M. 

H. Claude Horack, Ph.B., LL.B. 
William E. Colby, LL.B. 
Arthur M. Cathcart, A.B. 
Oliver S. Rundell, LL.B. 
Manley 0. Hudson, A.M., LL.B. 
Francis L. Harwood, A.B., 


♦Biographical Notes are to be found in Chapter X. 

[ 4 ] 



Chapter I- 

Chapter II- 

Chapter III- 

Chapter IV- 

Chapter Y- 

Chapter VI- 

Chapter ^^II — 

Chapter VIII- 

Chapter IX- 

Chapter X- 


-The New Profession 7 

-The Profession of 
Law . . .12 

-Law and American 
Business . . 23 

-Public Life and Social 
Service . . .42 

-Foundation of Black- 
stone Institute . . 50 

-Modern American 
Law Course and Serv- 
ice . . . .62 

Distinctive Advan- 
ta^-es of Blackstone 
Institute . . .94 

-Final Judgment . 110 

■Evidence From Those 
Who Know . . 113 

Organization of 
Blackstone Institute 149 

*'Law is a true science of 
which every educated person 
shoxdd have at least a general 

— Chief Justice Winslow, 

Supreme Court of Wisconsin. 

The Opportunities Open 

to the 

Law Trained Man 


The Law Trained Man 

WILLIAM CARPENTER was a man of av- 
erage natural ability. He was a hard and 
steady worker, healthy in mind and body, 
and strong in common sense. To these natural 
qualities he added a law training which developed 
his self-control and clear thinking power. 

Carpenter was born and educated in a country 
town. When he moved to a thriving city in an- 
other state and opened a law office he was without 
friends or reputation. 

His first clients were business men of small 
means. Their affairs, however, brought him in 
touch with large companies. Presently these cor- 
porations entrusted him with small matters, and 
later, cases involving large amounts of money. 

In the course of his practice. Carpenter became 
familiar with the inner workings of business organi- 
zations and methods. Each new case gave him the 
opportunity for further study and the handling of 
different kinds of business problems. These ripened 
his business judgment. 

The president of one of these corporations was 
called to South America on a business venture. 

[ 7] 


Carpenter was made general counsel with the au- 
thority to act for the president during his absence. 
He guided the affairs of the company with the cor- 
rect judgment which distinguishes the man who 
knows law. 

Tlie successful way in which he directed the af- 
fairs of the company was recognized and appre- 
ciated by the directors. When they formed a new 
enterprise a short time later, Carpenter was re- 
quested to organize the business. He was also given 
the opportunity to acquire an interest in the new 

Again, Carpenter's knowledge of law won the 
day. In six months the company was paying divi- 
dends, and he turned his attention to other mat- 

About this time the city undertook a vast plan of 
improvements. It involved widening streets, con- 
demning property, building bridges, and construct- 
ing an aqueduct system. 

The Mayor appointed Carpenter a member of the 
Ways and Means Committee. This committee was 
to report on the possibility of realizing these im- 
provements both from a financial and legal point 
of view. The final report was written by Carpen- 
ter. He also directed the campaign which gained 
the support of the voters and carried the recommen- 
dations of his report through the City Council. 

These important achievements won for him the 
name of an efficient public servant. A few years 


later lie was elected Mayor of the city and later 
Governor of the state. 

After serving two terms as Governor, Carpenter 
retired from public life — wealthy, honored and rep- 
resentative of the leading thought in his community. 

Carpenter then devoted himself to the big social 
problems which confronted the growing city. His 
law training, supported by business experience and 
a public career, enabled him to draft legislation 
which was fundamentally sound, both legally and 

He is now on almost every civic and charity 
board. He counsels the public officers and guides 
many a civil enterprise. He is rounding out a full 
life of usefulness to himself, his family and to man- 

Carpenter began his career as a lawyer. Many 
men continue to think of him as a lawy^er, but in 
reality he is more than a member of the legal pro- 
fession. He is a member of the new profession of 
law trained men. 

Every state, every city, every community has 
members of this new profession of law leaders. 
Some of them have never practiced law but all of 
them have entered business or politics or social 
service. They all possess one common quality — a 
law training. The law was the foundation on which 
their success was built. 

The New Professiojt. 

A knowledge of law is no longer left to lawyers 
alone. The progressive American citizen now con- 


siders a legal education an essential portion of the 
training lie is to receive after lie reaches his ma- 

One can learn the rules of law before he is twen- 
ty-one but the man who is coming into his full men- 
tal powers obtains the greatest rewards from his 
law training. He has suffered at least some of the 
experiences of life. He knows to some extent the 
value of a practical education. He has discovered 
that the successful man in any walk of life is in- 
variably the law trained man. 

"Every citizen, whatever his calling, should possess a 
knowledge of the fundamentals of the law." 

Committee on Education, U. S. House of Representatives. 

This does not mean that every citizen should be- 
come a lawyer. It does mean that all progressive 
thinking men and women who are ambitious to win 
success should be law trained. 

Today there are more law trained men and women 
than there are practicing lawyers. 

Where are they? 

Law trained men are to be found wherever 
leaders are needed in business, in public life and 
in social and civic service. Together with the bench 
and bar they constitute a new profession — the pro- 
fession of leadership. 


You want to be successful. You are constantly 
building your castles and dreaming of future power 


and prestige. What man with red blood in his ar- 
teries is doing otherwise? You may have just pride 
that you have the ambition to become a leader, for 
in the words of the President of our country : 

"No man that does not see visions will ever realize any 
hope or undertake any high enterprise." 


How TO Become a Law Trained Man 

The only requirement to become a member of this 
new profession of leaders is to acquire the highest 
type of legal training. You need not pass the bar 
examination unless you seek to win success as a 
member of the bar. You need not have specific pre- 
liminary education because your experiences in life 
have unusually equipped you for the successful 
reading of the Course and Service of Blackstone In- 

The training you require is offered to you by 
Blackstone Institute, of which Mr. Chief Justice 
Ladd of the Supreme Court of Iowa says : 

"Every person interested in the law will receive from 
Blackstone Institute an unusually excellent — in fact, the 
best non-resident system of instruction." 


Law's Reward in a Democracy 

IN the year 1868, a Confederate soldier, twenty- 
three years of age, applied for admission to the 
bar in Louisiana. After practicing for six 
years, he was elected to the State Senate. Ten years 
later he became a Justice of the Supreme Court of 
Louisiana. He was further honored in 1891 by be- 
ing elected to the United States Senate. 

His efficient services in the practice of the pro- 
fession, on the bench and in the legislature, again 
found their fitting reward. At the age of forty- 
nine, in 1894, he was appointed an Associate Justice 
of the Supreme Court of the United States. Then, 
on December 12, 1910, President Taft, a Repub- 
lican, appointed this Confederate soldier and Dem- 
ocrat, Edward Douglass "White, Chief Justice of 
the highest court in the land. 

His qualifications for this greatest honor in the 
legal profession are those which any lawyer can 
possess : — a well-organized law training, fidelity, in- 
dustry and a determination to progress. 

The study of his career is a study of the progress 
which follows industry — not mere chance. It rep- 
resents the desirable rewards that are within the 
reach of every lawyer. Chief Justice White rose 



from the ranks to offices of the highest honors be- 
cause the profession in our democracy recognizes 
service and not merely birth or inheritance. 

"The greatest honor in the profession is one which 
every lawyer may realize." 

The Voice of Authority 

In the old Senate chamber of the nation's capitol 
at Washington, D. C, sits the Supreme Court of 
the United States: 

"The most august tribunal in the world." 

Promptly at twelve o'clock each day of a session 
the bailiff calls for order. As the Justices approach 
from the anteroom, court officers, attorneys and 
spectators arise. Preceded by Chief Justice White 
and clad in solemn robes of black, the members of 
this court take their places on the raised platform 
at the east end of the courtroom. Above them is 
draped the flag of the nation. 

While all remain standing, the court crier's voice 
rings clearly throughout the chamber as he pro- 
nounces these words : 

"Oyez, Oyez, Oyez! All persons having business before 
the Supreme Court of the United States are admonished 
to draw near and give attention, for the court is now 
sitting. God save the United States and this honorable 

At a nod from the Chief Justice, his associates 


are then seated in luxurious leather chairs placed 
immediately behind the long bench. Pages stand in 
attendance back of the Justices. 

Immediately in front of the bench are tables and 
chairs for those members of the American Bar who 
are admitted to practice before the Supreme Court. 
On the tables are found quills, a custom of colonial 
times, recalling the many men, who, regardless oif 
birth or inheritance, have attained the honor and 
distinction of practicing before the highest court in 
the land. 

Separated by a railing from the enclosure re- 
served for these attorneys are chairs for the specta- 
tors. Hundreds of American citizens and foreign 
visitors pass quietly in and out of this court room 
daily, deeply impressed by the wholesome dignity 
and strength of character of the Supreme Court of 
the United States. 

The Court of National Jurisdiction 

To this court the federal prosecutors bring of- 
fending monopolies and trusts. Here labor and 
capital present their problems for solution, humble 
aliens appeal for protection, state rights are pre- 
served and national honor upheld. In the Supreme 
Court of the United States are determined our 
rights to pursue happiness, to enjoy liberty and to 
have life itself. 

Men charged with serious crimes turn to this 
tribunal to have their fate considered for the last 


time. It is the court of last resort — of last hope. 
Entirely removed from the suspicion of local prej- 
udice this court of courts is guided in its decisions 
solely by the dictates of law and equity. 

An appointment to this highest court is within 
your reach as a lawyer. 

"Learning, ability, industry and integrity, rarely find 
more certain reward than in the profession of the law." 

in Modern American Law. 

The Legal Profession 

The attorney alone can best fill the many posi- 
tions on the bench. Wliile Justices of the Peace 
are not always members of the bar, eventually they 
must learn the law. 

This places within the grasp of the members of 
the legal profession, the highest type of official 
honor and prestige. They naturally reserve for 
themselves the offices of 

City attorney. 

County Attorney. 

State's Attorney. 

Attorney General of the State. 

Federal District Attorney. 

Attorney General of the United States. 

Justice of the Peace. 

Municipal Judge. 

County Judge. 

State Supreme Court Justice. 

Federal District and Circuit Court of Appeal Judge. 

Justice of Court of Claims. 

Judge of Court of Customs Appeals. 

Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. 


No other profession or calling offers such oppor- 
tunity for independence, for prominence, for influ- 
ence and for the acquisition of wealth as does the 
profession of the law. He is a poor lawj^er, indeed, 
who cannot earn a larger income, a much better 
living, with the pleasure and satisfaction of an in- 
dependent life, than can the teacher, the preacher, 
or the employe in someone else's business. 

There is but one lawyer to about every 800 people 
in the United States. Surely the practice of law 
offers infinite opportunities. 

Guiding the Courts 

The lawyer guides the affairs of state, solves the 
problems of business and adjusts the disputes of 
individuals. His influence, his opportunities and his 
rewards are unequaled. 

He can attain political preferment, power and 
wealth. His knowledge commands social distinc- 
tion. His acquaintances include the prominent men 
in public and private life. His independence per- 
mits freedom of thought and of action. He can 
create opportunities and prepare for the high hon- 
ors which are within his reach. 

The lawyer guides every court in the land. In 
his arguments and briefs he assists these tribunals 
to decide questions correctly, to preserve the gov- 
ernment and to maintain justice. 

The prominent names in history are those of 
lawyers. In the years immediately following the 


American Revolution tlie most effective forces in 
bringing order out of chaos were the services of law 
trained men: Daniel Webster, William Pinckney, 
Rufus Choate, Jeremiah Mason, Alexander Hamil- 
ton, James Madison, John Jay, John C, Calhoun, 
Henry Clay, Patrick Henry. 

Todaj^ the complex problems of modern govern- 
ment, personal affairs and x\^merican business re- 
quire more than ever the services of lawyers: 

"This Country never needed lawyers who were also 
statesmen more than it needs them now; it needs them 
in its courts, in its legislatures, and in its seats of execu- 
tive authority." 

to the American Bar Association. 

Hence the prominent men in public life are those 
who are law trained. History will name many of 
them: President Woodrow Wilson, Hon. William 
Howard Taft; Former Attorney General Wicker- 
sham, the trust prosecutor; Stephen S. Gregory, 
former President of the American Bar Association ; 
Herbert S. Hadley, former governor of Missouri; 
Luther Laflin Mills and Levy Mayer of Chicago; 
Joseph W. Folk, the celebrated prosecutor; Frank 
B. Kellogg, the attorney for the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission; Judge Kenesaw Landis; Clar- 
ence Harrow, the lawyer for labor ; Judge Ben Lind- 
sey, the friend of children. 

You can prepare for similar honors by reading the 
Modern American Law Course and Service. 


"The Modern American Law Course and Service offers 
thorough preparation in law for applicants for admission 
to the bar." 

President, Kankakee County, Illinois, Bar Association. 

How THE Lawyer Influences Business 

Increased legislation requires the services of at- 
torneys for the interpretation of statutes. Old laws 
are continually expanding in their construction ; for 
instance, the Interstate Commerce Clause in the 
Federal Constitution. It is the privilege of tlie 
lawyer and judge to interpret these provisions and 
to advise and guide their clients. 

So long as laws are made, so long as trade must 
move, so long as agreements must be upheld, and 
so long as business and society must be maintained, 
BO long will the services of the attorney be required. 

"It is difficult to see how civilized society can dispense 
with the profession of the law. The disputes between 
men must be settled either by force or by public au- 
thority. As the population of the country increases and 
business becomes more complex and varied, a greater 
necessity will exist for men trained in the law." 

Supreme Court of Illinois. 

There was never a time when clients consulted 
attorneys more frequently and freely. Appreciat- 
ing the intimate relationship of law and business, 
the layman has learned the lesson of obtaining the 
advice of his counsel. Visits to the law office have 


become as common as those to the physician. The 
lawyer is, therefore, retained from year to year by 
large firms to give counsel and keep his clients out 
of litigation. Many a business house engages at- 
torneys to devote their entire time to the protection 
and enforcement of its rights. 

The business world has turned to the law trained 
man for assistance. His services are sought to di- 
rect business enterprises. He is appointed to mem- 
bership on boards of directors. He is asked to be- 
come the head of great industrial enterprises. 

In organizing corporations, and through his in- 
timate relationship with his clients, the attorney is 
continually in a position where he can make invest- 
ments and reap large profits. Lawyers add greatly 
to their income through the increased values of 
shares of stock which they received for services ren- 
dered in the conduct of some business. 

How THE Lawyer Directs Public Affairs 

The lawyer has always been selected to fill the 
highest public honors within the gift of our democ- 
racy. The knowledge and training which he ac- 
quires eliminates serious competition for these hon- 
ors on the part of other vocations and professions. 

Public affairs are thus exclusively the field for 
the man who is law trained. So important are the 
opportunities of ambitious men in public life that 
the fourth chapter of this book is devoted to their 
faithful story. 


Your possibilities as a law trained man in this 
ever-growing field — with its ''acres of diamonds" — 
will there be told. 

How TO Become a Lawyer 

In the early history of the states men were ad- 
mitted to the bar with little training in the law. 
They acquired their knowledge of fundamental prin- 
ciples after they began to practice. 

Lincoln studied law from such few books as he 
could obtain. Were he a law student today it is 
doubtful if even he could prepare for the bar un- 
less he followed a well-rounded and systematically 
arranged course in law. 

"Conditions now are widely different from those 
of that time," says Justice Carter, of the Supreme 
Court of Illinois, in the Modern American Law 
Course and Service. "The young man who. has a 
regular course in law necessarily stands the better 
chance of reaching true success in the practice of 
the profession than one who never had an oppor- 
tunity for this preliminary study." 

The resident schools offer the best preparation 
for the bar to those who can leave their homes and 
occupations to attend daily sessions. These schools, 
however, can serve only a few of the great number 
of ambitious men and women who are naturally in- 
clined toward the law and seek to practice that 
great profession. 

To meet their needs the Blackstone Institute pro- 


vides a thorough and systematically organized 
course in law. An ever-growing number of men and 
women find in this method the only efficient substi- 
tute for resident study. It is based on law school 
standards and conducted in accordance with uni- 
versity ideals. 

"My attention was called to the class of work being 
done by your Institute. I have given it considerable 
investigation and I desire most earnestly to commend it 
to the young men of our country." 

Committee on Immigration and Naturalization. 

House of Representatives, United States. 

You should realize that mere admission to the 
bar is not the most important thing in the making 
of a lawyer. It onlj^ entitles you to practice law. 
But to be able to practice law you must have the 
thorough practical knowledge furnished by the 
Blackstone Institute Course and Service. 

"I must confess that I have harbored a prejudice 
against 'correspondence' systems of teaching law students, 
based upon the fact that those of which I have known 
heretofore were designed to get young men through 
examinations for the bar — not to give them any scien- 
tific instruction in the law. 'Modern American Law' is 
entirely different from these systems. It is scientific in 
arrangement, broad in its scope, entirely practical." 

Supreme Court of California. 

This Course and Service is especially adapted for 
those who must earn while they learn. It furnishes 


features which otherwise are to be found only in a 
college course. Distinguished judges, prominent 
lawyers and educators in leading law schools de- 
clare this method to be the best system of study- 
ing law at home. 

Our Graduates in Practice 

In all of the more than twenty-five years of the 
existence of this school, we have heard of only four 
of our graduates who have failed in their bar ex- 
aminations, and some of these passed on their sec- 
ond attempt. Consider the thousands that were 
successful and you have the most conclusive and 
convincing evidence of the success of our methods. 
Few resident schools can point to such a record. 

We agree to coach free any graduate of Black- 
stone Institute who, if otherwise qualified, fails to 
pass the bar examination. 

"At a time when so many inferior courses in law are 
offered to those who do not have every opportunity to 
investigate, I am genuinely pleased to be able to recom- 
mend your course of instruction to every one interested 
in the study of law. 

"It is thorough, complete, authoritative, clear, inter- 
esting, and the result of a careful plan worked out by 
distinguished educators in the leading law schools of the 
several states." 

Supreme Court of Iowa. 


A Business Man's Mistake 

• •11 /r^- HALL, you have made a serious mis- 
l/l take. Your firm will have to pay for 
-^'-*- those coats." 

The attorney for a large retail store in Chicago 
was reprimanding the buyer for the knit goods de- 

"What do you mean?" Hall asked with much 

''Just what I said," explained the lawyer. ''The 
Minneapolis people can collect damages from your 

"But I canceled the order," Hall insisted. "I 
notified them not to send the goods." 

"That makes no difference," said the lawyer. 
"Now, follow me carefully, for this is what you 
have done! 

"The recent cold wave increased your sale of 
sweater coats. To replenish your stock, you mailed 
an order to the Minneapolis Knit Goods Company 
for fifty dozen coats at $14.50. Then another firm 
offered you similar goods for $13.75. So you ac- 
cepted their offer and wired the Minneapolis people 
to cancel the order. Am I right?" asked the attor- 

[ 23 ] 


"Yes — that is the situation exactly," Hall an- 
swered. '*I canceled the order. And here is the 
telegram they wired back : 

"Wire received. Wool market down. Cannot cancel. 
Are crating goods." 

"Then," the lawyer continued, "you refused to 
accept the goods. Now your firm faces a law suit." 
He read the statement of claim which had been 
filed in court: 

"Plaintiff's demand is for goods and merchandise sold 
and delivered to the defendant herein as follows, to wit: 
November 26, 1914, 50 dozen sweater coats at $14.50, 
amounting to a total of $725.00. 

"The aforesaid sum has not been paid and is still due 
and owing to the plaintiff herein, wherefore the plaintiff 
asks judgment for the said sum." 

"They cannot win," insisted Hall, "I canceled 
the order." 

"That order cannot be canceled. It is a contract 
and therefore binding. Suppose the market had 
gone up and the Minneapolis firm wanted to cancel 
the order. You could hold them. It is only fair 
then that they can hold you." 

The lawyer took up a volume from a series he 
had on his desk. "Let me show you why your can- 
cellation has no standing in law, by reading from 
the first volume of this work, 'Modern American 

" 'An order sent to a dealer for goods is an offer to 

"Now listen to this: 


" 'If an offer has been accepted before revocation, it 
may not be revoked.' 

"So you see, Hall," the lawyer explained, "when 
you sent your order for the sweater coats to the 
Minneapolis people you were making them an offer. 
They accepted it by starting to fill the order. Once 
it was accepted, 3'Our order could no longer be can- 
celed by either of you. You were bound by a con- 
tract. Whoever refuses to j^erform is liable for 
breach of contract." 

"Is there nothing we can do?" Hall asked. 
"Nothing. Your company is liable for breach of 
contract," advised the lawyer. 

"I have made a nice mistake," Hall was forced 
to acknowledge. "If I had had any idea that an 
order was so important in law, I certainly should 
have acted differently." 

The lawyer hesitated a moment and then con- 
tinued : 

"Let me give you some friendly advice, Hall — 
read laiv! I do not mean that you should become 
a lawyer. But you should be in a position to know 
when a legal situation confronts you. At least you 
should know when to consult me. If you do not 
study law, you never will know." 

"I never thought of it that way," Hall com- 

"Unless you do, the chances are that you will be 
coming to me for advice on all sorts of unnecessary 
points, and then finally fail to come when you really 


need legal advice. If you know the underlying prin- 
ciples of the law you will know how to handle just 
such a situation as faced you in the Minneapolis 
matter. If you had studied law for only a couple 
of months you could have saved your jBrm $725.00 
in this case, not to mention your own humiliation, 
and even danger of losing your position." 

''You are right," answered Hall. ''I can see now 
why business men should be law trained. But I 
cannot go to law school. Besides, I am so busy, how 
could I ever find time to study law?" 

The lawyer replied quickly, ''Hall, the only peo- 
ple who have no time to progress are those who 
never get out of a rut. The busier the business man 
the more time he has. He makes time, especially 
when it means protection for his business. Of 
course, you cannot go to law school, but there is 
another efficient method by which you can become 
law trained." 

"What is it?" Hall asked. 

The lawyer again took up the volume of "Mod- 
ern American Law," from which he had read. 

"Here is a work upon which an efficient course in 
law is based. The system is called, 'Modem Amer- 
ican Law Course and Service. ' It is prepared espe- 
cially to meet the needs of men like yourself — men 
who cannot attend a resident law school. Every- 
thing in this work is so authoritative and interest- 
ing, however, that like hundreds of other lawyers I 
have obtained 'Modern American Law' to keep it on 
my desk for my daily practice." 



Hall followed the advice of his lawyer and en- 
rolled for the Modem American Law Course and 
Service of Blackstone Institute. Many other busi- 
ness men have adopted the same suggestion. 

"I enrolled for your Course upon the advice of our 

Secretary and Treasurer, Telephony Publishing 
Company, Chicago. 

Law Directs Business 

If you are a business man — executive, subordinate 
or clerk — you must daily decide questions of law. 
Undoubtedly you "guess" right in a great many 
cases. But there is forever the danger of taking 
the wrong step. Without prior warning, and with- 
out your even considering the necessity of employ- 
ing counsel, one mistake as to the law may be fatal 
and throw you into bankruptcy. You may even risk 
fine and imprisonment. 

"The big risk in business is the legal risk." 


What are some of these questions which every 
business man faces daily? Here are just a few of 
an infinite number, the answers to which you must 
know or take a dangerous chance : 

Must an order be in writing? 
When does title to goods pass? 
To what extent may an agent bind his principal? 
When is the endorser of a note not liable? 
Are you liable for the debts of a corporation if you 
hold stock and bonds? 



Are you liable for the injuries, or tlie damages in- 
flicted by a member of your family, or by one of your 

What is reasonable restraint of trade? 

What claims take precedence in a bankruptcy case? 

Who owns the sidewalk in front of your property? 

For what family expenses is a husband or father not 

What are the duties of an executor or a trustee? 

When may you break a contract? 

Mention the most minute detail of your daily 
business existence and it will relate to the law : En- 
gaging an employe, ordering goods, renting space, 
keeping books, writing a letter, ordering a meal, 
selling merchandise, conveying property, sleeping in 
a Pullman berth — each of these commonplace inci- 
dents involves the most exacting legal rules. 

To avoid suits for damages, the merchant must 
know to what degree he can ''boost" the merits of 
his goods ; the employer must know when he may 
rightfully discharge an employe; the banker must 
know whether the maker may stop payment on a 
certified check. 

"Since practically every business transaction is based 
on some legal principle, and since it is obviously im- 
practical to call in a legal adviser every moment of the 
day, business men have realized the necessity of acquir- 
ing sufficient knowledge of the law to act intelligently 
when a legal situation arises — it would seem therefore 
that the 'Modern American Law Course and Service' 
should be followed by all young business men who ex- 
pect to attain executive positions, and by all executives 
who have not already received a legal training." 

W. H. HIMMEL, General Salesman, 

Carson. Pirie, Scott d Co., Chicago. 

the law trained man 29 

Ignokance of the Law Excuses No One 

The law will not permit you to defend your mis- 
takes because you do not know legal principles. 
Courts enforce this rule: "Ignorance of the Law 
Excuses No One," 

This maxim of the centuries has caused enormous 
losses in business through failure to learn law. Con- 
sequently a rule of business conduct arose. This 
provides : 

''Ignorance of the Laiv is Inexcusable." 

Business men do not excuse a salesman for mis- 
representing their goods. They do not excuse a 
defect in the production of those goods. They have 
also ceased to consider a mistake in law as an item 
to be charged merely to the chances of business. 
They regard such avoidable mistakes as absolutely 
inexcusable — the same as they consider the mistakes 
which an accountant may make in adding his fig- 
ures. It is no longer sufficient merely to know the 
principles of finance, accounting, sales and produc- 
tion — at least a working knowledge of how these 
forces in business may be legally applied is abso- 
lutely essential. 

Costly Litigation 

It is said that eighty-five per cent of the civil 
suits filed in the courts throughout the United 
States involve business disputes. The judgments 
rendered in these cases amount to millions of dol- 
lars. In addition, court costs, witnesses' fees and 


attorneys ' fees — in many cases equal to the amount 
of the judgment — must be paid. 

Tliis expense which cuts into profits is avoidable, 
because a knowledge of the principles of law will 
prevent a very large part of business litigation. 

A legal training makes is unnecessary to spend many 
dollars to determine whether one dollar shall be paid 
by one man to another. 

Business men are quick to grasp a ready and 
efficient means to avoid any expense which reduces 
profits. An ever-growing number of business men, 
therefore, enroll for the Modern American Law 
Course and Service of Blackstone Institute. 

"I know of two instances where this knowledge has 
been the direct means of saving our company consider- 
able money." 

Ford Manufacturing Co., Chicago. 

Here for the first time you obtain the exact legal 
information you require to avoid those countless 
mistakes in law which other business men have 
made. These mistakes occurred in situations that 
are daily repeated in your business life. 

"To read law is to learn the mistakes of other business 
men. In every law suit one or the other side has blun- 
dered. If you learn wherein and why that side failed, 
you can fortify your business against the same errors.'' 

This important legal knowledge is acquired by 
the Blackstone Institute method in a surprisingly 
short time and with little effort. Yet, the results 


are entered on the credit side of the profit and loss 

"I have followed your course long enough to realize 
that it is of great value to me in the way of avoiding 
mistakes that can just as well be eliminated." 

GEORGE M. SEAMAN, President, 
Birmingham & Seaman Co., Chicago. 

Innumerable are the instances in every law 
trained business man's career where a knowledge 
of law has enabled him to steer clear of error, mis- 
take and loss. Innumerable also are the instances 
where a knowledge of the law has enabled him to 
grasp situations and foresee and bring about re- 
sults which, without it, he could never have done. 
Without a legal education a man cannot efficiently 
handle thousands — with it he is competent to direct 
the use of millions. 

A Business Man's Lawyer 

In the eyes of the law, an attorney is the agent 
of his client. Unless specifically limited, he has 
a wide range of implied authority. He may, for 
instance, dismiss a case, receive money paid for a 
judgment, take an appeal and incur expenses by 
employing clerks and paying court costs. 

"The express authority given an attorney may be as 
broad or limited as the client desires, but a general 
authority to manage a cause for the client as his attor- 
ney of record may imply many incidental powers." > 


Seldom does the business man or client appre- 
ciate this almost infinite authority in his lawyer. 


Instead of regarding him as an agent, wliicli the 
haw dechires the lawyer to be, the client enters into 
this important fiduciary relationship with little or 
no idea of the extent to which he wishes his lawyer 
to proceed. 

As a matter of business policy and with no more 
inclination to consider counsel a suspicious charac- 
ter than to regard an accountant a dangerous per- 
son because he is placed under bond, a client should 
know what authority the law gives to his lawyer. 
Intelligent limitations of authority are welcome 
alike to the lawyer and the client. They are best 
made only if one is familiar with the law. 

It becomes highly important, therefore, to ascer- 
tain what authority a lawyer should have to con- 
duct your affairs properly. 

May he endorse a check in your favor? 
May he compromise your case? 
May he engage additional employes? 

In your relations with your lawyer a knowledge 
of the law as it affects your own business is essen- 
tial. You must know, therefore, what the law con- 
siders as important facts. Yet, one will approach 
his lawyer on a matter involving considerable sums 
of money, or property rights, or domestic difficul- 
ties, with little or no information beyond what has 
actually happened. 

Were an accident to occur in his shop wherein 
an employe suffered an injury, the employer would 
be at a loss what evidence to obtain and preserve. 
He would not appreciate what was necessary. 



The lawyer would try to assist him. But as he 
can draw only on his own experience, in asking his 
questions, he may easily omit a very important 

But if the chent understands legal principles he 
would at once interview each witness, take down 
what was said, photograph the scene and get a 
statement from the physician. He would know 
what the law considers determining points. He 
would be in a position to defend himself against 
unjust claims or perjured testimony. 

The client is not expected to try the ease. He is 
expected to bring to the lawyer evidence of facts 
that have distinguished the important incidents and 
separated the ''wheat" from the ''chaif." He can 
readily succeed in this by reading a well-rounded 
and properly organized course in law. 

The practical legal information provided by the 
Blackstone Institute Course and Service comes to 
the subscriber in such form that he can use it at 
once in his business. He learns to think logically 
—to analyze problems carefully— and to solve them 
correctly. He need not pass the bar examination to 
win success. It is sufficient if he is a law trained 

Teained Brains "Win Success 

The problems in present day business are too 
complicated to be solved to the best advantage by 
men who do not have a legal training. A knowl- 
edge of law has become just as essential to the 


American business man as a knowledge of finance, 
accounting-, production and sales. 

Knowledge is brain development, Brams pro- 
duce success. Business men, therefore, require the 
services of men with trained brains because they 
help to build business success. The brain of the 
law trained man is highly developed. Hence he is 
always preferred — he can think clearly and logically 
— he has the power to analyze, to construct, to direct 
and to control. 

The chief duty of tlie business executive is to 
decide questions correctly and promptly. He can 
most readily acquire this ability through a law 
training. His grasp of first principles and the 
development of his powers of analysis teach him 
a true appreciation of the questions involved. Then 
he can answer them at once and right. 

"Law teaches a habit of close reasoning. Who has not 
heard men speak of a lawyer-like treatment of a matter 
that has been skillfully developed and convincingly 

DEAN WM. HOYNES, Notre Dame University. 

Law trained men are not selected to direct busi- 
ness because they have large money interests. Few 
of those who now enjoy success possessed any 
amount of property before they were chosen to fill 
resjjonsible and lucrative positions. Their capital 
was their brains, not money. 

Such men do not usurp the functions of the lawj^er. 
They make no attempt to displace the counsel for 
the company — but they assist their attorneys by 


acting within the law, by avoiding litigation and by 
bringing to their advisers a clear, concise statement 
of any particular matter. 

"A law training results in a broad knowledge of men 
and business principles." 

The Law Trained Man" in Business 

Law trained men direct the affairs of the largest 
mercantile and manufacturing enterprises in the 
United States. In fact, practically every line of 
commercial activity has chosen its leaders from those 
who have read law. 

Public service companies, such as the New York 
and Chicago Surface Lines, are guided by presi- 
dents who know legal principles. Nationally known 
firms elect to their highest offices the law trained 
man. A. W. Green, President of the National Bis- 
cuit Company; E. J. Wlielan of the United Cigar 
Stores Company of New York; Chas. G. Dawes, 
President of the Central Trust Company of Illinois, 
Chicago; James F. Meagher, President of the Peo- 
ples Gas Light and Coke Company, Chicago ; John 
Wanamaker of Philadelphia, and John V. Farwell, 
all read law. The late Marshall Field and A. T. 
Stewart were also law trained men. 

Hon. Elbert H. Gary, distinguished as lawyer and 
judge, was selected to manage the affairs of the 
United States Steel Corporation. Under his able 
direction it has become the largest and one of the 
best managed corporations in the United States. 


Countless other instances may readil}' be given 
of men who attribute to their law training a consid- 
erable portion of their success. 

Legalizing Business 

Law appeals to the progressive type of men in 
every occupation. The subscribers to the Modern 
American Law Course and Service of Blackstone 
Institute include alike executives, subordinates and 
clerks. In this one respect all stand equal, all haye 
the same goal — a legal education. To make the ex- 
ecutive more efficient, to tit the ambitious subordi- 
nate to become an executive officer, a law training is 

"I realize now, as I did not before, the value of this 
class of reading to every one, no matter what his occu- 
pation may be." 

JOHN C. BOLTZ, of Boltz, Clymer d Co., 

Cigar Mfrs., Philadelphia and Ta'rnpa. 

To classify all of the men who find the law essen- 
tial would be to fill jjages of a long chapter. Not 
alone the officers and employes in the manufactur- 
ing comiJanies, but those in the financial, trading, 
mining and transportation lines enroll for this 
Course and Service. In greater degree than ever 
*' business is becoming legalized"; i. e., it is absorb- 
ing the law as one of its essential branches. 

This is the case in the railroad service, where the 
law trained man is preferred. In recent years an 
ever-growing number of law trained men have been 
appointed to the responsible offices in the great rail- 


road systems. Hale Holden, trained in the law, was 
recently elected President of the Chicago, Burling- 
ton & Quincy Railroad. Likewise Harry R. Kurrie, 
an attorney, was elected President of the Chicago, 
Indianapolis & Louisville Railroad. R. S. Lovett, 
Chairman of the Board of Directors and former 
President of the Union Pacific, was a judge. Thomas 
F. Freeman, President of the International & 
Great Northern Railroad, was grounded in legal 
principles, as were A. H. Dooley, former President 
of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas; A. T. Johnson, 
Passenger Traffic Manager of the Chicago and 
Northwestern Railroad, and Stuyvesant Fish, for- 
mer President of the Illinois Central Railroad. 

Among the deceased railroad men who were law 
trained were M. E. Ingalls, President of the Big Four 
System; Robert Mather, President of the Chicago, 
Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, and afterwards of 
the Westinghouse Manufacturing Co. ; L. Tuttle, 
President of the Boston & Maine Railroad; A. F. 
Walker, President of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa 
Fe Railroad, and George F. Baer, President of the 
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad. 

The law trained man is similarly to be found 
among financiers. Bankers, accountants, credit men 
and brokers read law as carefully as they keep ac- 
count books and record their transactions. James 
Stillman, banker and director of many railroads, 
predicts that before another ten years passes by 
every executive in a bank and most executives in 
business will be required to have a law training. 
This training, he points out, not only will enable 


them better to protect the interests they represent, 
but it will develop them into efficient executives. 

The banker urges his emploj^e to read law be- 
cause it makes him a highly efficient employe. "To 
be able to recognize a legal situation and to act ac- 
cordingly," he explains, "is money protected." 

"The value of a knowledge of the law on the part of 
the banker, either officer or subordinate, is too well 
recognized to require comment. It is therefore a pleas- 
ure to recommend your Modern American Law Course 
and Service to all interested in obtaining a thoroughly- 
practical course of instruction in law." 

FRANK STEVENS, Assistant Cashier, 
American Trust d Savings Bank, Birmingham, Ala. 

The Certified Public Accountant is required in 
most states to read law. The very nature of his 
business presumes a working legal knowledge. Ac- 
countants realize, for instance, that to keep a set of 
books which will be admissible in evidence requires 
a knowledge of law. 

The credit man is constantly depending upon legal 
information. He must have a ready knowledge of 
the law of judgments, garnishments and attach- 
ments. He must know to what exemptions the 
debtor is entitled. Contract law, bankruptcy and 
criminal law are alike of great importance to him. 

"My course with you has been of inestimable value to 
me, not only in my business, but in the broadened view 
of business in general." 

United Mercantile Agency, Dss Moines, Iowa. 

The broker is helpless without a clear knowledge 


of law. To protect the interests of his customers as 
well as those of his own, he must know whether or 
not an issue of bonds is legal. He should know 
how to draft a conditional sale, and what writing 
is necessary to bind a contract. His business in- 
timately concerns options, receivers, private corpo- 
rations, sales, personal property and their allied 
branches in the law. 

A knowledge of the law will protect the investor 
in the purchase of securities. Very often he has 
ignored the etfect of the law on investments and 
has suffered losses. The information he receives in 
the Modern American Law Course and Service will 
be especially valuable in avoiding these questionable 

The daily business affairs of a real estate firm in- 
volve the most important legal questions. In fact, 
this business partakes of the nature of that of a 
practicing lawyer. Questions in conveyancing must 
be constantly answered in drafting deeds, contracts 
for sales and renting agreements. Just as essential 
is a knowledge of the rights of landlord and tenant, 
municipal corporations, torts, and in fact all branches 
of the law. 

Publishing and advertising ventures are affected 
in all their angles by the law. Wholesale and retail 
houses of every kind are concerned in legal ques- 

Many successful men in public life, in business and 
in the practice of the legal profession have been re- 
cruited from the ranks of the teaching profession. 


Teachers' habits of thought and study make them 
peculiarly adapted to the study of law and fitted for 
its many opportunities. 

Public officials as well as employes in the service 
of the state and federal governments find in the 
Modern American Law Course and Service a ready 
means to acquire a legal training. The most de- 
sirable positions in the public service are those 
where law trained men are preferred. You can pre- 
pare to hold them by reading law now with the 
Blackstone Institute. 

In every business and vocation the law trained 
man is needed. He receives first consideration and 
is selected for the better positions. 

"Legal training on the part of the executive heads of 
large business enterprises has become exceedingly valu- 
able, and the demand for men of business ability and 
legal training is already so great as to make it almost 
impossible to locate the right men for the more im- 
portant positions. 

"What I say is based on our experience, but I am 
sure that other lines of business are having the same 
trouble in securing men of ability who have a knowledge 
of law to fill the more responsible positions. 

"Your Course and Service would seem to answer that 
problem, as it will enable the ambitious man to advance 
more rapidly in his chosen field. This movement to 
assist business by increasing the supply of highly 
trained men should meet with the hearty support of all 

RICORD GRADWELL, 2ncl Vice-President, 

Oliver Typewriter Co. 

Fifteen of the branch managers of the Oliver 
Typewriter Company are law trained men. 


Blackstone Institute offers an interesting Course 
in law, easy to understand. No specific preliminary 
education or experience is necessary to follow the 
Course successfully; hence, none is required. Sub- 
scribers need only the ambition to succeed. Nothing 
indicates the elasticity of the Institute Course and 
Service so well as the preliminary training of the 
subscribers. They include men and women of vari- 
ous ages, degrees of education and business experi- 

Some are college graduates. Others have received 
high school training and still others only the rudi- 
ments of a common school education. In extent of 
experience, the same difference is to be found. Not 
only the business executive, the subordinate and the 
clerk study the Course, but also those who seek to 
be lawyers as well as lawyers themselves. 

Blackstone Institute thus enables those who can- 
not attend a resident school because of age, time, or 
expense, or insufficient entrance credits, to acquire 
a knowledge of law and to become law trained men. 

"Men actively engaged in business and young men of 
ambition who cannot spare the time or the money to 
attend law schools, can, through the Modern American 
Law Course and Service, obtain substantially the same 
instruction that they would in the regular schools." 
CHAS. H. SCOTT, President, 

Southern Gas Co., Ala. 


Public Office 

PUBLIC office is one of the distinctive rewards 
which go to the law trained man. Of every 
hundred men in the public eye — presidents, 
cabinet officers, senators, congressmen, governors — 
more than two-thirds are men of legal training. 
Our democracy has always invited the man who 
knows law to fill its highest offices of honor and 

If you wish to enjoy the privileges of political 
honor, you must first read law. This is only natural 
because the very offices which you seek are created 
by law and the rights and duties attached to your 
future position will be defined by law. 

You must know how to make decisions, how to act 
promptly and correctly. You must be able to meet 
people without embarrassment, to inspire confidence, 
and to address audiences. No training can equal 
that of the law to help you accomplish these things. 

As a law trained man, you are qualified for elec- 
tion or appointment to any public office. You have 



the best training to fulfill your duties. You are a 
member of the new profession — the profession of 
leaders — ^who alone can satisfactorily perform the 
duties of the highest governmental position. 

Nearly every President of the United States was 
trained in the law. President Wilson and all but one 
member of his cabinet studied law. In fact, as Presi- 
dent Wilson has said: 

"I am in part the embodiment of the law." 

Address to American Bar Association. 

In Congress sixty per cent of the members are law 
trained men. In the state legislative assemblies the 
great majority of the members have acquired a 
knowledge of law. 

"Lawyers probably make up the majority of every 
legislative body in the United States." 


Similar conditions prevail in other departments 
of our national and state governments. Everywhere 
the law trained man occupies the highest positions. 

In the choice, for instance, of ambassadors, minis- 
ters and consuls in the foreign countries, the law 
trained man is preferred. His duties involve a 
knowledge of legal rights. Consequently he must 
know the law. As the representative of a great 
nation, he must be well informed and qualified to 
move in the highest official circles in the world of 


nations. He is considered to be best qualified for 
this honor, if he is law trained. 

Appointments to trade commissions, to boards and 
to administrative bodies always include the law 
trained man. His broad-gauged brain is needed — his 
knowledge of human affairs as reflected in the law of 
the centuries is indispensable. 

This law training is acquired in the Modern 
American Law Course and Service. 

The most important public offices for which the 
Law Trained Man is especially qualified are : 


pEEsiDENT of the United States 
Vice-Peesident of the United States 
Cabinet Officers including 

Secretary of State 

Secretary of Treasury 

Secretary of War 

Attorney General 

Postmaster General 

Secretary of Navy 

Secretary of Interior 

Secretary of Agriculture 

Secretary of Commerce and Labor 

Departmental Officers 

Assistant Secretaries 
'Chiefs of Bureaus 





Interstate Commerce 

Commissioner of Patents 
Registrar of Copyrights 

Foreign Service 

Ambassador Extraordinary- 
Envoy Extraordinary 

Minister Plenipotentiary 

Minister Resident 

Secretary of Legations 

Consul General 

Vice Consul 

Commercial Agent 

House of Representatives 
United States Commissioners 
Referees in Bankruptcy 



Lieutenant Governor 
Secretary of State 
Attorney General 
• Auditor 
Superintendent of Public Instruction 
Public Utilities 
Tax Boards 


County Clerk 

County Boards 

State Senator 

State Representative 


Chiefs of Bureaus 

Insurance Superintendent 

Industrial Board 

Employers Liability Commission 

Examining Board 

Civil Service Commission. 



Corporation Counsel 

City Attorney 

City Clerk 

City Treasurer 



Building Commissioner 

Superintendent of Jails 

Commissioner of Public Works 

City Comptroller 

City Collector 

Department of Public Service 

Civil Service Commissioner 

Board of Local Improvements 

Board of Examiners 

Election Commissioners. 


Civil Sekvice 

The requirements in the civil service are higher 
than ever before. But a law training will pass you 
easily through the examination. It will count as a 
"higher education" credit and brings you among 
those at the top. 

"Men and women in the public service should read this 
Course to insure personal success and the betterment of 
the public service." 

ROBERT M. SWEITZER, County Clerk, 

Cook County, Illinois. 

Social Seevice 

Chief Justice Winslow, of the Supreme Court of 
Wisconsin, appeals for wider civic and social service 
in "The Modern Democracy, The Citizen and The 
Law ' ' — the introductory article in Modern American 
Law Course and Service. 

Here are some of his great truths — the reasons 
why broad minded men who have won their way, 
seek to lighten some of the burdens of the masses. 

For centuries individualism has been the keynote of 
civilization, especially in this land which has boasted so 
loudly of its freedom and equality. We have gloried in 
the idea that every man was the master of his own 
destiny and must fight his battle alone; we have seen 
the struggle for wealth and social distinction,— nay, 
even for the necessities of life become fiercer and fiercer, 
and we have condoned the ruthless cruelty and selfish- 
ness of it all on the ground that all citizens have equal 
opportunities and that the triumph of the strong and 
the trampling down of the weak is but the working of 
Nature's immutable and righteous law. 


But the consciousness that man cannot live for him- 
self alone has come at last; the public conscience is 
awake; we now, for the first time, realize faintly and 
imperfectly the marvelous significance of the parable of 
the good Samaritan. We are learning who are our 
neighbors and we are realizing that an injury to "one 
of the least of these" is an injury to society as a whole. 

Thousands of men and women with the spirit of the 
good Samaritan in their hearts are hearing the call, — 
men and women who could, if they chose, be clothed in 
purple and fine linen, and fare sumptuously every day. 
But they have chosen the better part. Comparatively 
speaking, their work has but just begun, and yet there 
are results to show. The slum is yielding to the settle- 
ment. The haunts of vice in the great cities are still 
practically untouched, but there is handwriting on the 
wall, and the waves of an awakened public sentiment 
are rising with ominous strength. Everywhere earnest 
men and women are banding together and devising ways 
and means, either by way of legislation or agitation, or 
both, by which moral standards shall be raised, the 
frightful injustice of modern life in the great cities 
shall be corrected, disease vanquished, vice made hateful 
and life made to hold forth its promise of hope and joy 
to the most unfortunate. 

Not only shall we require the services of the skilled 
investigator and philosopher in the preparation of the 
new laws; not only shall we require the legislative 
expert in our national and state legislatures; but, above 
all, we shall require an educated electorate — an electo- 
rate capable of appreciating the nature of the problems 
presented, and sufficiently acquainted with present con- 
ditions, both material and legal, to be able to judge of 
the wisdom of the proposed legislation, and vote in- 
telligently thereon. 

The law trained man can render these sacred 
services — effectively and at once. 


Because lie is indeed a picked leader — a man whose 
influence is that of the lawyer, the clergyman, the 
officer and the business man— combined in one true 

The Modern American Law Course and Service is 
tlie means to gain this enviable goal, 

"I have particularly enjoyed reading Modern American Law. 
The articles are so clear that the layman may be interested and 
profit by their perusal." 

Suprevie Court of Nebraska. 


Studying Law in the Law Office 

IN A law office at Farmington, Iowa, several 
decades ago, a young man was explaining his 
ambitions and failures to a lawyer friend by 
the name of Howe. 

"Howe," said the young man, ''I have decided 
to change my vocation. The opportunities offered 
to the law trained man seem to be infinite. I intend 
to acquire a training in law. Whether I practice or 
enter business, I am convinced that a knowledge of 
the law will make me successful. What is the first 
step I should take to learn law? What books shall 
I read?" 

The lawyer turned to his book shelves, hesitated 
a moment and answered, ''Read Blackstone's Com- 
mentaries first. Then you can read some of my 
other books." 

Thereupon, in a frontier lawyer's office, John 
Forrest Dillon began the study of law. After 
studying Blackstone's Commentaries he found 
that there were at that time practically no other law 
books by which he could learn legal principles. So 
he applied for admission to the bar. He was ad- 
mitted and began to practice. 



In a few years Dillon was elected prosecuting 
attorney and later appointed Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court of Iowa. Subsequently, he became 
counsel for great railroad systems. While he prac- 
ticed he reviewed again and again the great fun- 
damental principles of the law in order to keep a 
firm grasp of governing legal rules. Consequently 
he was regarded as an authority. 

Courts Hstened to him with careful attention. 
Business men, who controlled millions of dollars, 
waited in his ante-chamber because his opinions 
were invaluable. He provided the profession with 
monumental treatises on the principles of impor- 
tant branches of the law. 

.As a mark of the high esteem in which he was 
regarded by bench and bar, Judge Dillon was 
elected president of the American Bar Association. 
Its members include judges and lawyers from every 
state of the Union. 

Honor, fortune and the satisfaction of a dis- 
tinguished and successful career were Judge Dil- 
lon's rewards. 

His somewhat haphazard method of studying law 
until recently was typical of the manner in which 
men once became law trained. They read those 
dusty and formidable law books which the lawyer 
happened to own. As a result, their studies in- 
cluded much obsolete matter, which in addition was 
written in a tiresome, heavy style. 

Although there has been a splendid array of of- 
fice bred lawyers, such office training alone is be- 


coming more and more difficult without outside 
stimulation. The law has grown beyond its early 
boundaries. The average practitioner does not 
have time or inclination to digest or explain the 
law to the office student. Changed conditions in 
the modern law office and the introduction of the 
typewriter have also left little more for the office 
student than running errands and answering court 

Thus, if you are to succeed in obtaining a lawyer- 
like command of governing principles, you must 
obtain systematic direction and stimulus from a 
source outside of the lawyer's office. While the 
''law is a science to be learned out of books," those 
books are read with the greatest profit only when 
included in a well-rounded and properly organized 

"The time has gone by when an eminent lawyer in full 
practice can take a class of students into his office and 
become their teacher. Once that was practical, but 
now it is not." 


Today, by means of modern methods, men and 
women can realize their ambitions to be law trained 
and acquire the benefits of a legal education with- 
out the sacrifice of time, effort and money which 
faces the lawyer apprentice. 

They can learn the fundamental principles of law 
in far less time and with more thoroughness than 
ever before by the Blackstone Institute method. 

the law trained man 53 

The Residext School 

The first distinct step away from the haphazard 
instruction offered in the law office was the organi- 
zation of the resident law school. Much credit is 
due to law educators for their persistent efforts in 
maintaining high standards and modernizing the 
methods of reading law. 

The schools have made steady progress, so that 
today they have displaced the law office by offering 
thorough instruction in law to those who are able 
to attend. 

The resident schools appreciate, however, that 
their field of service is limited. Of the great num- 
ber of men and women who seek a training in law 
only a few comparatively can attend the sessions 
of the law school. A certain inelasticity in the resi- 
dent course of study has also made it impracticable, 
for example, for the business man to obtain that 
business law training which he seeks. As the resi- 
dent school could not meet the needs of so many 
men and women who wished to read law to prac- 
tice the profession or for business purposes, there 
has been an ever-increasing demand for an institu- 
tion which could furnish a convenient, practical and 
elastic course in law. 

Nox-Resident Coueses 

A similar problem has existed in other depart- 
ments of the universities. State institutions have 
conceived it to be their duty, therefore, to bring 
instruction to the people. 


"If there are ambitious men and women who cannot 
go to college, the college can in a very wide and true 
sense come to them." 

President, Leland Stanford Junior University. 

Their first experiments in non-resident courses 
demonstrated clearly the demand for and possi-- 
bilities of home study courses in all branches of 
human knowledge. 

Consequently an ever-growing number of home 
study courses are otfered by the universities. In 
1914, in one university alone, over six thousand 
students enrolled for non-resident courses. What 
was at first an experiment has now become an 
established educational system. 

Non-Resident Coueses in Law 

Universities, however, have not attempted to 
offer a home study course in law. Peculiar prol)- 
lems faced them and made it impractical for the 
faculty of one school alone to offer adequate in- 
struction for home study. 

The demand for an efficient system of studying 
law continued to make itself felt in a variety of 
ways. For example, the law schools had for years 
been receiving letters requesting advice as to 
courses in law. The requests came not only from 
those who wished to prepare for the bar, but also 
from energetic business men and those who desired 
to enter the public service. The schools were 
obliged to reply that with the exception of Black- 
stone Institute and The Sprague Correspondence 
School of Law, the only satisfactory way to learn 


law was to attend the resident school. They re- 
fused to recommend the fragmentary attempts 
made by individuals and companies from time to 
time to supply this demand for an efficient reading 

It remained for Blackstone Institute, including 
The Sprague Correspondence School of Law, to 
create and organize a course to which the resident 
schools could conscientiously refer requests for a 
home study course in law. 

Here are brought together through the medium 
of an approved institution the experience of 

a. Deans and professors in the resident law 

h. Instructors in university extension courses. 

c. Judges and lawyers. 

d. Public officials. 

e. Bar examiners. 
/. Business men. 

And to all this is added 

g. More than twenty-five j^ears' experience in 
preparing men at home for the bar, for business and 
for public life. 

The Speague Coeeespondexce School of Law. 

This institution is the oldest correspondence 
school of law. It was organized October 1, 1890, in 
Detroit, Michigan. The first advertisement of its 
course appeared in Youth's Companion, October 
23, 1890. 


The Sprague Correspondence School of Law was 
incorporated in 1891 with a capital stock of $10,000, 
which was increased in 1901 to $50,000. 

Blackstone Institute 

Blackstone Institute was organized to create and 
conduct the Modern American Law Course and 
Service. The formation of the Institute was in di- 
rect response to the growing demand for a scien- 
tifically planned and systematically arranged Course 
in law to meet the needs of the law student, the busi- 
ness man and those who seek to be trained in law. 

This great institution has received the highest 
commendation of the cabinet officers of President 
Wilson, Supreme Court judges, lawyers, deans and 
professors in the leading law schools, and prom- 
inent business men. 

Blackstone Institute 

The Sprague Correspondence School of Law 

Blackstone Institute and the Sprague Correspond- 
ence School of Law united into one great institution 
under the name, 



The Sprague Correspondence School of Law, 

The Oldest and Largest Institution for Law Training in the 


in Ma}^, 1915, The capital stock of this combined 
schoofis $500,000. 

This consolidation marks an epoch in the history 
of law instruction. The result has been an im- 


proved Course wliicli far surpasses in thorough- 
ness, authority and simplicity anything which was 
heretofore possible. 

If you cannot go to one of the best colleges or 
university law schools, it is our purpose to bring 
the university law school course to you. We make 
your home a law university in itself. You receive 
the guidance of experienced and able men without 
the loss of a day's work or a dollar of income from 
your regular employment. 

You can master our Course in your spare time- 
in the odds and ends of your time, which added to- 
gether make for an education. 

"I am happy to recommend the admirable Course and 
Service of Blackstone Institute to those who want an 
efficient, practical home study law school. 

"Its scientific method, its high ethical and educational 
standards, and its very helpful personal service feature 
will appeal to those anxious to secure a strong non- 
resident law course. 

••Because of its proven worth, and because its work 
can be carried along with a college course and without 
interference with one's occupation, I am more than 
pleased to commend Blackstone Institute and its work 
to those who apply to me for counsel." 

Professor of Commercial Law, University of Wisconsin. 

The Name 

The surname of the distinguished and learned 
jurist, Sir William Blackstone, was adopted by the 
Institute for three reasons : first, Blackstone is the 


father of organized instruction in law; second, just 
as his primary purpose was to make accessible to 
laymen as well as to lawyers an accurate knowledge 
of the principles of law of that day, it is now the 
purpose of Blackstone Institute to disseminate a 
knowledge of modern American law; third, the 
high ideals which prompted him to undertake his 
task are the ideals of Blackstone Institute. 

"The Law — It has honored us — May we honor it." 

daniel webster. 

The Oegaxization^ 

The Modern American Law Course and Service 
is prepared and conducted by an organization made 
up of well known law school deans and professors, 
distinguished judges, prominent practicing attor- 
neys, bar examiners, and business men. These men 
also formulate the policies of the Institute. 

Inasmuch as an institution derives its strength 
from the men who are identified with it, a complete 
list of their names, records and qualifications is 
given in Chapter X. Anyone who studies these 
names may easily satisfy himself of the high stand- 
ing, merit and value of the Course and Service. 

The organization of Blackstone Institute in addi- 
tion to its Executive Officers, consists of three 
groups : 


Special Lecturers. 

Editors and Authors of Modern American Law. 

The members of the Staff actively conduct the 


Modern American Law Course and Service in ac- 
cordance with university standards. Some of the 
members give their entire time and attention to the 
work of the Institute, while others give only a part 
of their time. 

The Special Lecturers are men of unusual ex- 
perience who have prepared Lectures especially for 
the Modern American Law Course and Service, 
These Lectures present some of the results of their 

The Authors, sixty in all, are judges, lawyers and 
deans and professors in the law schools who con- 
tributed to Modern American Law, the basis of the 
Modern American Law Course and Service. 

"Their work is of the highest character, receiving the 
commendation of the leading legal authorities of the 


United States Senator. 

The Plan 

The Institute offers an approved reading Course 
and Service in law. 

The plan of the Institute is : 

First, to provide a discussion of the fundamental 
and governing principles of the law by means of a 
comprehensive commentary. 

Second, to supplement their discussion of princi- 
ples by Leading Illustrative Cases. 

Third, to direct and make interesting the study 
of these principles and cases by means of a series 
of Guides. 


Fourth, to show the application of the principles 
in every-day affairs through a series of practical 

Fifth, to test the student's knowledge through a 
series of Problems. 

Sixth, to help solve the student's individual prob- 
lems and difficulties through a Co-operative and 
Consulting Service. 

The Course and Service extends over a period of 
three years. A subscriber, however, may complete 
the Course as rapidly as he desires. The Text Books 
are delivered at the beginning, and the Guides, Lec- 
tures and Problems at intervals of two weeks 
throughout the term of three years, or as often as 
is desired. 

The Purposes 

The Course and Service is especially designed to 
meet the requirements of 

First, the law student who, unable to leave home 
or his occupation to attend a law school, wishes to 
follow a well organized course in law as a prepara- 
tion for practice. 

Second, the layman who requires a survey of 
legal principles sufficiently complete to give him a 
real insight into law as it affects his business and 
personal interests. 

Third, the ambitious man who seeks to enter the 
public service or engage in social work. 

Fourth, those who realize that a knowledge of 
law provides a liberal education. 

the law trained man 61 

Blackstone Institute Ideals 

Blackstone Institute is founded in the belief that 
*'a knowledge of law should be the possession of 
the many and not of the few." It fills a long felt 
want among those ambitious men and women who 
are precluded from attendance at a resident school. 
Without interfering the Institute supplements in a 
very effective way the great work of these schools. 

The work of the Institute is guided by the high- 
est educational standards set by the legal profes- 
sion. It seeks always to retain not only the good 
will but also the co-operation and recommendation 
of all reputable members of the bench and bar. 

The Staff aims to provide those features of per- 
sonal and practical instruction in law which or- 
dinarily are to be found only in resident schools. 
Every opportunity is offered to the subscriber to 
obtain such special service as his individual needs 
require. The Institute offers you that training in 
law whereby you can achieve the successes won by 
law trained men. 

The Modern American Law Course and Service 
by which this training is acquired is described in 
the following pages. 





HE Modern American Law Course and 
Service consists of seven distinct features : 

1. Modern American Law — standard 
text, cases, and quiz questions. 

2. Guides. 

3. Lectures. 

4. Problems. 

5. Model Solutions. 

6. Practice Work. 

7. Personal and Individual Service. 

Method of Instruction. 

In teaching law one of three methods has in- 
variably been followed by educators. Historically 
the first, is that by lectures ; the second, by the text 
book method; and the third, by the case book 

The lecture method was introduced in Black- 
stone's day and required the student to write down 
or remember the rules concerning' which the in- 
structor lectured orall^y. These lectures were later 
reduced to writing or were printed. Blackstone's 
** Commentaries" came into being in this manner 



and for years were tlie basis of a law education. 

Necessarily much of the law in England in 1776, 
Blackstone's time, is not the law today. Conse- 
quently, other books have been prepared from time 
to time for law instruction. The study of these 
books constitutes the text book system. 

Recently a new method has been devised whereby 
the student studies the actual opinions of the higlier 
state and federal courts. He extracts from them 
the principles of the law much as one determines 
the structure of a plant in a laboratory experiment. 

A combination of these methods is the standard 
in law school instruction today. By this expedient, 
the advantages of each method can be adopted with- 
out including the disadvantages. 

"The Modern American Law Course and Service, 
therefore, combines most admirably tlie text and case 
system of teaching. Some schools use tlie one method to 
the exclusion of the other, but I have always considered 
that the ideal method was a combination of the in- 
ductive and the deductive and this method is better 
exemplified in Modern American Law than any other 
treatise of the whole law." 

Of McNeil, Hudgins c£- OzUn, Virginia Bar. 

The Cueeiculum 

In the following pages the subjects in the Modern 
American Law Course and Service are described. 
Note that the branches of the law have been di- 
vided into three parts, consisting of 

(1) Subjects required of all subscribers. 


(2) Additional subjects recommended to those 
who intend to practice law. 

(3) Optional subjects of particular importance 
to business men, applicants for the bar and those 
interested in public life or social service. 

Required Subjects 

Elementary Law. 



Criminal Law. 

Persons and Domestic Relations. 

Personal Property and Bailments. 

Liens and Pledges. 






Real Property. 

Negotiable Instruments. 

Suretyship and Guaranty. 

Mortgages — Real and Chattel. 

Private Corporations. 


Banks, Banking and Trust Companies. 


Constitutional Law. 



Conflict of Laws. 

Interstate Commerce. 




Public Service Companies. 

Municipal Corporations. 

Additional Subjects For Applicants for the 


Pleadings and Practice. 
Attachment — Garnislinient. 
Judgments — Executions. 
Extraordinary Remedies. 

Additional Subjects — Not Required — Attractive 
TO All Law Readers 

Blackstone's Commentaries. 

International Law. 

Admiralty Law. 

Public Officers and Elections. 


Eminent Domain. 

Unfair Competition and Good Will. 


Patents— Copyrights— Trademarks. 

Parliamentary Law. 


Mines and Mining. 

Irrigation and Water Rights. 

Medical Jurisprudence. 



Modern American Law 

(Cited: "M. A. L.") 

For the use of the Modern American Law Course 
and Service, a leading standard series entitled 
Modern American Law, and cited as "M. A. L." 
by Supreme Courts, was especially prepared for 
home study by the foremost legal authorities in 
America. Other standard text books are not suited 
for home study purposes, because of their style and 
expense, as well as the fact that they are not 
adapted for later practice. 

Modern American Law is a complete work on all 
branches of the law, including text books, leading 
cases, quiz questions and cumulative indexes. 

"I am more than pleased with the character of the 

Chairman Committee on Ways and Means, United 
States House of Representatives. 

This standard series is the work of the nation's 
best legal talent, including prominent deans and 
professors in the leading law schools, judges and 
lawyers. It was prepared under the editorial super- 
vision of Eugene A. Gilmore, A.B., LL.B., Profes- 
sor of Law of the University of Wisconsin, and 
William C. Wermuth, M.S., LL.B., former lecturer 
at Northwestern University and Secretary of 
Blackstone Institute. 

Modern American Law is a systematic and com- 
prehensive series on all branches of American law 
and procedure. Included in each volume are (1) 



Treatises, (2) Leading Illustrative Cases, (3) Quiz 
Questions, (4) Index and Tables of Contents. 
The series also provides Legal Forms, Table of 
Cases, Cumulative Index and a revised and mod- 
ern edition of Blackstone's Commentaries. 


Modern American Law is handsomely bound in 
a genuine natural grain Morocco with flexible cov- 
ers. The titles on the back of each volume are at- 
tractively stamped in gold. Each volume is hand- 
sewed with silk head and foot bands and ribbon 
bookmark. Any volume may be bent back double 
without the slightest injury and will stay open 
where you open it at any page. 

Flexible Covers — Tiiix Paper — Modern Binding. 


This work is complete in fifteen volumes and 
contains over 13,000 pages (about 900 pages to 
the volume). Over 7,500 pages of treatises, 4,500 
pages of cases, 1,000 pages of indexes and 300 pages 
of tables of contents are included in the entire 
series. Nevertheless, by means of modern meth- 
ods and thin paper the entire work occupies only 
twenty-six inches of desk space. 

The whole appearance of Modern American Law 
is legal, rich and impressive — an example of the 
best product of the best printers' and bookbinders' 

"The flexible Morocco binding, the opaque paper and 
legible type indicate your exacting care in the publica- 
tion of this work." 

Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois. 

Modern" American" Law in Resident Schools 

Many of the resident law schools are substituting 
Modern American Law for the older text and case 

Among the universities and colleges which use or 
recommend in their courses, one or more of the 
treatises or collections of cases included in Modern 
American Law are : 

University of Chicago, 

University of Illinois, 

University of Wisconsin, 

University of North Dakota, 

University of Kansas, 

University of Florida, 


Albany Law School, 

Marquette University, 

John B. Stetson University, 

American Central Law School, 

Illinois College of Law, 

Chicago Law School, 

Drake University, and others. 

Modern American Law is also offered as a prize 
for research work or for high scholarship in these 
institutions of learning: 

Columbia University, 
Indiana University, 
Cincinnati Law School, 
University of North Dakota, 
Benjamin Harrison Law School, 
University of Florida, 
University of Oregon, 
Richmond College, 
Washington & Lee University, 
University of Kentucky, 
Drake University, 
Washington College of Law. 

Modern American Law is in the libraries of Har- 
vard University, Leland Stanford Jr. University, 
State University of Iowa, University of Illinois, 
University of Indiana, University of Wisconsin, 
University of Chicago, Wisconsin State Library, 
Boston Law Library, Kansas State Librar^^, Wash- 
ington State Library, California State Library, 
Nevada State Library and others. 


"I consider this work the most satisfactory one for the 
study of law at home that has so far been produced." 

University of Chicago. 
"No other publication compares with M. A. L. in the 
range of subjects, effectiveness of treatment and the 
discriminating choice in the citation of authorities." 
DEAN WM. HOYNES, Laiv School, 

University of Notre Dame. 
"Your text books are clear and concise and your com- 
bination of illustrative cases, lectures and quizzes fur- 
nishes a most admirable substitute for a resident law 


Drake University. 

"The method marked out in these volumes is exactly 
the method which I have thought for years past should 
be adopted — the law as it is today without any unneces- 
sary attention as to what the law was in the past." 

Millsaps College. 

Modern American Law Used and Recom- 
mended BY the Profession 

When the first volumes of Modern American Law 
were published, judges and lawyers requested that 
they be permitted to obtain this series for use in 
their practice. Here they found for the first time 
in one standard series, uniform in style and ab- 
solutely authoritative, a scientifically planned and 
systematically arranged work on all Ijranches of 
the law. They pronounced Modern American Law 
to be the best work of the best authorities as well 
as a compact, time-saving reference and reading 


"That which lends to the work its most valuable dis- 
tinction is the fact that it is clearly and concisely 

United States Court of Customs Appeals. 

It was determined, therefore, to permit members 
of the bench and bar to obtain Modern American 
Law, which they cite as '*M. A. L.," separate and 
apart from the features of the Course and Service. 
Having learned how to read law they could use 
to advantage the treatises and cases in this work. 

This work is now in the libraries of President 
Wilson, former President Taft, Chief Justice 
White and his associates of the United States Su- 
preme Court. 

Cited by Supreme Courts 

Modern American Law is in the libraries of 
many State Supreme Courts and Nisi Prius Courts. 
Today hundreds of judges and lawyers are using 
Modem American Law and are enthusiastic in its 
praise. A growing number of Supreme Courts are 
citing it in their opinions. Among them are : 

Supreme Court of Wisconsin, 

Supreme Court of Alabama, 

Supreme Court of North Dakota, 

Supreme Court of Oklahoma, 

Colorado Court of Appeals. 
The following comments are typical of the many 
made by leading members of the bench and bar. 
They indicate the unusual value of this standard 
series to the law student: 


"I have found Modern American Law an excellent 
medium through which to recur to the fundamental prin- 
ciples of our jurisprudence. It enables the lawyer or 
judge to get a correct bird's-eye view of any subject 
with a very small expenditure of time and effort, and 
the layman or law student to gain a clear understanding 
of the essentials of law." 


Supreme Court of Wisconsin. 

"The work will prove to be a valuable one, especially 
to those who are embarking upon the study of the law." 


Supreme Court of Wisconsin. 

"I am very much pleased with Modern American 

Law and regard it as a valuable contribution to the law 

dealing with general principles. It is a very timely and 

valuable work." 

Supreme Court of Illinois. 

"It deals with the fundamental principles of each sub- 
ject treated and furnishes a comprehensive text for 
students, practitioners and courts." 

Supreme Court of North Dakota. 
"Something beyond the ordinary treatise — a valuable 
and useful contribution to jurisprudence." 

Supreme Court of North Dakota. 

"The treatment of tTie different subjects is compre- 
hensive and practical, and in a brief but not too sparing 
way presents the fundamentals in such form as to be a 
source of ready and accurate reference to the practi- 
tioner and the court, as well as meeting the important 
purpose, for which it is especially valuable, of being a 
reliable aid to the student." 

Supreme Court of Iowa. 


"Where I have stopped to read carefully I have found 
edification in its (Modern American Law) fresh, simple 
and clear statements of legal principle, and I believe 
most others may realize a profit of the same character." 

Supreme Court of Alabama. 

"So many law books are prone to extend over every- 
thing, losing sight of the underlying proposition upon 
which a case usually turns. In your series, I see not 
only a ready reference work giving cases in point suffi- 
cient as a lead for digests, but of more importance, a 
means to keep up with one's own practice by reading 
law generally or systematically. 

"It is for these reasons that I ordered Modern Ameri- 
can Law for the library of the Municipal Court of 

Municipal Court of Chicago. 

"I am sure these volumes will enable both those who 
are at the bar and those who are sitting on the bench, 
as well as those of us who are endeavoring to frame 
the laws, to acquire a thorough knowledge of the funda- 
mental principles of that great subject." 


Member of Congress. 

It is gratifying to the subscriber of the Modem 
American Law Course and Service to know that 
the basis of his instruction can thus serve him with 
an ever increasing value, after he has completed the 
Course and Service. 

The treatises and collections of leading cases, as 
ivell as the complete set of Modern American Law, 
are sold separate and apart from the Course and 
Service only to resident law school students and 


to lawyers. Any one, Jioivever, may enroll for the 
Modern American Law Course and Service and will 
receive as the texthooks a complete set of Modern 
American Law. 

Subjects and Authoes 

Modern American Law covers the entire field of 
law, treating the basic subjects first, and, following 
in related groups, the derivative subjects of the 
law. The work thus provides a standard, logical 
and systematic course of reading in law. 

The subjects and the authors of the fifteen vol- 
umes are as follows : 


The Modeen Democeacy, The Citizen and The 
Law. By John B. Winslow, A.B., LL.D., Justice, 
Supreme Court of Wisconsin. 

An introduction to Modern American Law, exemplifying its 
spirit in meeting the demand for systematic training in the 
principles of law. 

Legal, Ethics. By Orrin N. Carter, LL.D., 

Justice, Supreme Court of Illinois. 

a practical exposition of the course of conduct required of 
those who are trained in law. 

Law — Its Origin, Natuee and Development. 
By Charles A. Huston, A.B., J.D., S.J.D., Pro- 
fessor, Leland Stanford Junior University. 
A commentary on the origin, nature and development of the 

law, preparing the student for the study of the specific branches 

of law. 


Courts — Federal and State. By Arthur L. San- 
born, LL.B., Judge, United States District Court. 

A comprehensive discussion of the classes and jurisdiction 
of courts, including federal, state and English tribunals. 

Law of Coxtkacts. By W. C. Wermuth, M.S., 
LL.B., former Lecturer, Northwestern Univer- 
sity; Secretary of the Staff, Blackstone Insti- 

A thorough, comprehensive and practical commentary on the 
principles of the formation, operation, interpretation, perform- 
ance and discharge of contracts. 


Law of Torts. 

The discussion of the Law of Torts is divided into an Intro- 
duction and nine parts, carefully analyzing and developing its 
principles. The titles and authors are as follows: 

Introduction and William C. Jones, A.B., M.A., Di- 

1. Trespass. rector, School of Jurisprudence, 

University of California. 

2. Conversion. Frank L. Simpson, A.B., LL.B., 

Professor, Boston University. 

3. Negligence and Legal Barry Gilbert, A.B., LL.B., Profes- 

Caxjse. sor. State University of Iowa. 

4. Deceit. . Edward D. Osborn, Professor, 

University of Kansas. 

5. Defamation. Charles M. Hepburn, A.B., LL.D., 

Professor, Indiana University. 
G. Malicious Prosecution. John C. Townes, LL.D., Dean and 

Professor of Law, University of 
7. Interference with Domes- William C. Jones, A.B., M.A., Di- 
Tic and Business Rela- rector. School of Jurisprudence, 
TiONS. University of California. 


8. Right of Privacy. William C. Jones, A.B., M.A., Di- 

rector, School of Jurisprudence, 

University of California. 


9. Extra - Hazardous Occupa- George F. Wells, LL.D., Dean and 

Tioxs — Miscellaneous. Professor of Law, University of 

North Dakota. 

Law of Fellow-Servant and Compensation. 
By T. J. Moll, Ph.B., LL.M., Dean, American 
Central Law School. 

A treatise on the principles of the fellow-servant rule, to- 
gether with a discussion of recent compensation acts and statutes 
relative to the liability of employers for injuries to their em- 


Criminal Law. By William E. Mikell, B.S., 
Professor of Laiv, University of Pennsylvania. 

A treatise on the principles of the law dealing with offenses 
against the state, property and persons. 

Law of Criminal Procedure. By William L. 
Burdick, Ph.D., LL.B., Professor of Law, Uni- 
versity of Kansas. 

A practical presentation of the rules applied in the bringing 
and trying of criminal cases. 

Law of Persons and Domestic Relations. By 
Elmer M. Liessmann, LL.B., Lecturer, North- 
western University. 

A thorough discussion of the rights, duties, and capacity of 
persons, together with an exposition of the principles underlying 
domestic relationships, such as those of husband and wife, parent 
and child, thus treating of marriage, divorce, and infancy, etc. 



Law of Peksonal, Property and Bailments. By 
Henry W. Ballantine, A.B., LL.B., Professor of 
Law, University of Wisconsin. 

A practical treatise on the fundamental principles of the law 
of personal property, including the rights and liabilities arising 
in the law of bailments. 

Law of Liens and Pledges. By R. L. Henry, Jr., 
Ph.B., J.D., B.C.L., Professor, College of Law, 
University of Iowa. 

A careful discussion of the rules underlying the several 
classes of liens and different forms of pledges. 

Law of Agency. By William A. Ferguson, 
A.M., LL.B., Lecturer, Fordhani University. 

A commentary on the nature, rights and liabilities of prin- 
cipals and agents. 

Law of Sales. By H. Claude Horack, Ph.B., LL.B., 

Professor of Law, University of Iowa. 

A practical discussion of the contract of sale, its warranties 
and the rules underlying the Statute of Frauds. 


Law of Real Property. By Arthur W. Blake- 
more, A.B., LL.B., of the Boston Bar. 

a careful and thorough commentary on the principles of the 
law of real property, including the subjects of estates, convey- 
inces, tenures, easements, covenants and future interests. 


Law of Descent and Distribution — Wills and 
Administration — Guardian and Ward. By 


Cliarles S. Cutting, LL.D., former Judge of the 
Probate Court, Cook County, Illinois. 

An exposition of the principles underlying the disposition of 
property with reference to intestate as well as testamentary 
conveyances, including a discussion of the relationship of guar- 
dian and ward, probate estates, etc. 

Law of Landlord and Tenant. By William L. 
Burdick, Ph.D., LL.B., Professor of Laiv, Uni- 
versity of Kansas. 

A discussion of the legal problems arising in the relationship 
of landlord and tenant. 

Law of Water Rights and Irrigation. By James 
W. McCreery, University of Colorado. 

An exposition of the doctrines of water rights and irrigation, 
including the rights of riparian owners, appropriation of water, 
the nature of waters subject to appropriation, water rights as 
property and the rights of irrigation. 

Law of Mines and Mining. By William E. Colby, 

LL.B., University of California. 

a practical discussion of property rights in mines and the 
liabilities in connection with their operation. 


Equity. By John N. Pomeroy, A.M., LL.B., Pro- 
fessor of Laiv, University of Illinois. 

A commentary carefully analyzing the branches of equity 
jurisdiction, including its nature, specific performance, mistake, 
accounting, interpleader, also reform and rescission. 

Law of Trusts. By George G. Bogert, A.B., LL.B., 
Professor of Laiv, Cornell University. 

A discussion of the nature and requisites of equitable trusts, 
Including the duties of trustees and rights of cestuis que trustent. 


Law of Quasi-Contracts. By Arthur M. Cathcart, 
A.B., Professor of Law, Leland Stanford Junior 

A discussion of the equitable doctrines of unjust enrichment 
of a party through benefits received without contract or by 
mistalte, etc., including rights arising therefrom. 

Law of Estoppel. By Oliver S. Rundell, LL.B., of 
the Wisconsin Bar. 

An exposition of the specific principles Involved in the doc- 
trines of estoppel, including estoppel by deed, estoppel by mis- 
representation, etc. 


Law of Negotiable Instruments, By William G. 
Hale, B.S., LL.B., Professor of Law, University 
of Illinois. 

a commentary on the law of bills and notes, including a 
discussion of the uniform Negotiable Instruments Law. 

Law of Suretyship and Guaranty. By Charles E. 
Carpenter, A.M., LL.B., Professor of Law, Uni- 
versity of Illinois. 

An exposition of the relationship of principal and surety, 
including the distinction between surety and guaranty and the 
equitable rights involved in suretyship and guaranty. 

Law of Mortgages — Real and Chattel. By Man- 
ley 0. Hudson, A.M., LL.B., Professor of Law, 
University of Missouri. 

A commentary on the esential elements of legal and equitable 
mortgages, including rights of mortgagor and mortgagee. 

Interpretation of Statutes. By John R. Rood, 
LL.B., Professor of Law, University of Michigan. 

An exposition of the rules applied by the courts in the inter- 
pretation of statutes. 



Law of Private Corporations. Bij I. Maurice 
Wormser, 'A.B., LL.B., Professor of Laiv, Ford- 
ham University. 

A comprehensive, thorough and practical commentary on the 
law of private corporations, including the nature, formation and 
powers of corporations with special reference to the powers and 
duties of directors and stockholders and the remedies of cred- 
itors, together with a discussion of foreign corporations. 

Law of Partnership. By Eugene A. Gilmore, A.B., 
LL.B., Professor of Law, University of Wisco7t- 

A discussion of the nature and formation of partnerships and 
the rights and duties of partners. 

Law of Banks, Ban^king and Trust Companies. 
By James L. Hopkins, LL.B., of the St. Louis 

A practical treatise on the principles underlying the laws of 
banking companies with special reference to the rights of de- 
positors and the power to act as trustees. 

Law of Receivers. By Theophilus J. Moll, Ph.B., 
LL.M., Dean, American Central Laiv School. 

An exposition of the equitable and statutory principles under- 
lying the appointment, duties and powers of receivers of in- 
solvent corporations, etc. 


Pleading in Civil Actions. By Louis B. Ewhank, 
LFj.B., Professor, Indiana Law School. 

A description of the forms of action and methods of plead- 
ing, together with the necessary allegations in defending actions, 
etc., under the common law and statutes. 


Peactice of Civil Actions. By William N. Gem- 
mill, LL.B., LL.D., Judge of the Municipal Court 
of Chicago. 

A practical discussion of the problems arising in practice in 
the courts. 

Equity Pleading and Practice. By William E. 
Higgins, B.S., LL.B., Professor, University of 

A treatise on the forms and methods of pleading, together 
with a discussion of the practice adopted in equity courts. 

Law of Evidence. By John T. Loughran, LL.B., 
Professor, Fordham University. 

A comprehensive exposition of the rules of evidence with 
particular reference to the manner in which evidence must be 

Law of Attachments and Garnishments. By Oli- 
ver A. Harker, A.M., LL.D., Dean, University of 

A treatise on the right to attach and garnishee before and 
after judgment. 

Law of Judgments and Executions. By John R. 
Rood, LL.B., Professor of Law, University of 

A discussion of the nature of judgments, the methods of en- 
forcing them and the right to realize on them by execution. 

Law of Extraordinary Remedies. By Harvey N. 

Shepard, A.B., Lecturer, Boston University. 

A discussion of the writs of mandamus, quo warranto, cer- 
tiorari, etc. 


Law of Habeas Corpus. By John Wurts, M.A., 
LL.B., M.L., Professor, Yale University. 

A treatise on the rights of personal liberty involving the 
issue of the writ of habeas corpus. 

Constitutional Law 

A comprehensive commentary on the principles of constitu- 
tional law in federal and state jurisdictions, in six parts. 

1. Definitions and Principles. James W. Garner, B.S., Ph.D., Pro- 

fessor of Political Science, 
University of Illinois. 

2. Organization and Po^VERs James Wilford Garner, B.S., Ph.D., 

OF THE United States Professor of Political Science, 
Government. University of Illinois. 

3. Constitutional Guaranties Emiin McClain, A.M., LL.B., LL.D., 

OF Fundamental Rights. Dean, College of Law, Univer- 
sity of Iowa. 

4. Eminent Domain. Philip Nichols, A.B., LL.B., of the 

Boston Bar. 

5. Taxation. Philip Nichols, A.B., LL.B., of the 

Boston Bar. 

6. Naturalization. George F. Tucker, A.B., Ph.D., 

LL.B., of the Boston Bar. 


Conflict of Laws. By George L. Clark, A.B., 
LL.B., Professor, University of Missouri. 

An exposition of the problems of territorial jurisdiction in 
the recognition and enforcement of rights. 

International Law. By Paul S. Reinsch, A.B., 
Ph.D., LL.B., Minister to China. 
A treatise on the principles of the law of nations. 


Law of Interstate Commerce. By Dudley 0- Mc- 
Govney, A.M., LL.B., Professor, Tulane Univer- 

A practical discussion of the legal problems arising in the 
conduct of commerce between states and within states. 

Law of Bankruptcy, By George Laivyer, A.M., 
LL.B., Professor, Albany Law School. 

A discussion of the federal bankruptcy act, together with the 
rights and duties of bankrupts, creditors, and trustees. 

Law of Patents. By George C. Holt, A.B., LL.B., 
LLD., Former Judge, United States District 

A discussion of the principles determining what is patent- 
able, together with the right to obtain patents. 

Law of Copyrights. By William L. Symons, 
LL.M., M.P.L., Lecturer, Washington College of 

a treatise on the common law and federal law rights to 

Law of Trademarks. By William L. Symons, 
LL.M., M.P.L., Lecturer, Washington College of 

A discussion of the nature of and right to trademarks. 

Law of Unfair Competition and Good Will. By 
James L. Hopkins, LL.B., of the St. Louis Bar. 

A treatise discussing the doctrines enforced where business 
interests engage in unfair competition, together with the rights 
of good will. 


Law of Public Service Companies — Especially 
Common Carriers. By Bruce Wyman, A.M., 


LL.B., former Professor of Laiv, Harvard Uni- 

A commentary on public employments and carriers, together 
with the rights and duties of railroads, telephone companies, 
water companies, warehouses, etc. 

Law of Municipal Corporations. By Henry H. 
IngersoU, M.A., LL.D., Dean, Law School, Uni- 
versity of Tennessee. 
An exposition of the nature, formation, capacity, rights and 

liabilities of municipal corporations. 

Law of Public Officers and Elections. By Ed- 
win Maxey, D.C.L., LL.D., Professor of Laiv, 
University of Nebraska. 

A discussion of the appointment and the election of officers, 
together with their rights, powers and duties. 

Parliamentary Law. By John H. Perry, M.A., 
LL.B., Lecturer, Laiv School, Yale University. 
A practical discussion of the rules adopted by deliberative 

bodies for the conduct of their meetings. 


Law of Damages. By William P. Rogers, A.B., 
LL.D., Dean, Cincinnati Law School. 

An exposition of the nature and classes of damages recover- 
able in actions. 

Law of Insurance. By Henry W. Humble, A.M., 
LL.B., Professor of Law, University of Kansas. 

A discussion of the various forms of insurance, including the 
problems of insurable interest, concealment, warranties, rights 
of recovery, etc. 

Admiralty Law and Practice. By George C. Holt, 


A. B., LL.B., LL.D., former Judge, United States 
District Court. 

A treatise on the law of admiralty. 

Medical Jueisprudexce. By George F. Wells, 
LL.D., Dean, Law School, University of North 

A discussion of evidentiary problems arising in the proof of 
crime wherein medical examination is necessary. 

FoEMs. By Francis L. Harivood, A.B., LL.B., of 
the Chicago Bar. 

A collection of legal forms used in the conduct of business 
and practice of law. 


Blackstone's Commentaries. Edited and pre- 
pared by Henry W. Ballantine, A.B., LL.B., Pro- 
fessor of Law, University of Wisconsin. 

A revised edition of the commentaries of Sir William Black- 

Index. Prepared by F. W. Schenh, Librarian, Laiv 
School, University of Chicago. 

A cumulative index to all treatises in Modern American Law. 

A Perfect System of Indexing 

The value of many otherwise excellent law se- 
ries has been greatly reduced by reason of poor 
indexing. The indexes of Modern American Law 
have been prepared with especial care by F. W. 
Schenk, Librarian, University of Chicago, who is 
recognized as one of the best law indexers in 
America. There is a comprehensive index to each 


volume and in the fifteenth volume a cumulative 
cross-reference index to the entire series. This 
makes Modern American Law a ready reference 
work in which you can quickly single out the in- 
formation you desire on any particular point, and 
which will point out to you many unthought-of pos- 
sibilities in dealing with legal problems. 


A series of seventy-two inspiring Guides have 
been prepared for the Modern American Law 
Course and Service, under the direction of the 
Staff. They are delivered to the subscriber, one 
every two weeks, during the period of three years. 

As the name indicates, the Guides stimulate and 
direct your reading of the text books, the cases and 
other features of the Course. Not only do they 
point out what reading is to be done, but they also 
indicate by means of concrete illustrations and ex- 
periences, what are the important rules to be 
learned from any particular assignment. 

The Guides enable you to acquire in a few min- 
utes' reading each day the fundamental knowledge 
so essential in business or in preparing for the bar 

Each Guide contains a running review of the 
pages to be read in the text. It calls attention to 
the important legal principles that underlie daily 
pro])lems and which are to be discussed in the text 

In this way, the Guides enable the busy man to 


grasp quickly the essential rules, and determine in 
what particular subjects he wishes a detailed knowl- 
edge. At the same time they assist the law student 
by pointing out the subjects which he should master. 
The following is an extract from a typical Guide : 

An automobile, exceeding the traffic regulations, sped down 
Sheridan Road, in Chicago. Suddenly, a woman stepped from 
the curbstone into the street. The driver vigorously blew the 
horn, and jammed down the brake pedal. But the car slid along 
and struck the woman. 

Her injuries were many. After several months of painful suf- 
fering, she started suit for damages. The jury, at the trial, 
awarded her $5,000. 

By what right did she recover for her injuries? 

Clearly, no contract existed between her and the automobile 
driver providing that if he struck her down, he would pay 

Under what theory of the law, then, can a jury protect us 
from injuries by others? 

The answer is to be found in the Law of Torts, the second 
great fundamental subject to be taken up by you now in the 
Modern American Law Course and Service. 

Law of Torts 

In your reading of the Law of Contracts, you have been 
determining what your rights are where you and another enter 
into an agreement. 

Now, you are to consider those rights and duties which 
everybody owes everybody else, regardless of a contract. In 
other words, in torts these rights and duties are determined for 
you by the law, while in contracts you have a chance to say 
what your rights will be. 

Professor W. C. Jones, Director of the School of Jurispru- 
dence, University of California, has prepared the introduction to 
this broad subject in Modern American Law. He distinguishes 
for you torts and contracts, and torts and crimes. He shows 
you how intimately the rules in this subject regulate your per- 
sonal affairs. 


You will find again and again that its principles affect other 
subjects of the law. A thorough mastery of Professor Jones' 
Introduction will repay you many times. 


One of tlie attractive features of the Modern 
American Law Course and Service is tlie series of 
thirty-six Lectures delivered to the subscriber, one 
each month, during the three years. They have been 
especially prepared for the Course by the Special 

These Lectures provide you with the last word 
on matters of current, legal and business interest. 
They give you that money-saving information which 
ordinarily passes only from mouth to mouth and 
which has never before been reduced to printed 
form. The Lectures are continually being revised 
so that during your reading of the Course you re- 
ceive the latest information on current legal mat- 
ters, new legislation and recent decisions of the 
courts on important questions of interest to you. 

Tlio following illustrates the special information 
wliich the subscriber to the Modern American Law 
Course receives in a Lecture : 


An American citizen does not require a printed statute to 
know that it would be unlawful for him to rob a mail carrier, 
to break into and enter a post office, to hold up a postal car, to 
steal a letter or any matter intrusted to the postal service for 
carriage and delivery. All these things, and other similar un- 
lawful acts, were offenses at the common law which we have 
been taught from our childhood to respect and obey. For in a 


general way it is safe to say that if, by state law, an act is a 
crime against a fellow citizen's person or property, the same act, 
if committed against a postal employe, postal property, or the 
postal service, is a crime under the Federal law, and anyone 
who commits such a crime will, inevitably, come into intimate 
association with a Federal marshal or his deputies. 

But Uncle Sam protects his postal service by many statutory 
provisions which are not commonly known and are not within 
the purview of the common law; yet a violation of these statu- 
tory provisions will subject the offender, whether he knows them 
or not, to prosecution and consequent acquaintance with the 
aforesaid Federal marshals. Therefore, it is highly important 
that all citizens shall have some knowledge of these special 
laws and of the grounds upon which they rest, lest uninten- 
tionally they violate some of these statutory rules which are 
made for the protection of the great postal service of their 

Some of the subjects of the Lectures are: 

How to Draft a Contract. 

The Lawful Use of the Mails in Business. 

How Agency Affects Business. 

Employment Contracts. 

How to Protect One's Rights in Checks. 

Hoio to Draft and Enforce a Conditional Sale. 

How to Organize a Partnership. 

How to Conduct a Receivership. 

How to Obtain a Patent. 

How to Protect a Trademark. 

Federal Employers' Liability Act. 

Anti-Trust Laws. 

Corporation Laws. 


Thirty-six sets of Problems are sent to the sub- 
scriber, one every month, during the period of three 
years. They are the only Problems used in non- 
resident instruction which have been prepared un- 
der the direction of men experienced as bar exami- 


The Problems are so arranged as to correspond 
closely to the assigned reading, without, however, 
making it possible to write solutions by merely 
copying the text. They are based on practical cases 
involving questions that frequently arise in the busi- 
ness world and in private affairs. 

The solution of the Problems is optional, although 
the applicant for the bar will wish to solve them in 
order to be thoroughly prepared to pass the bar 
examination. Here he can answer the same kind 
of questions asked at the bar examination. 

A blank Blue Book is furnished to the subscriber 
in which he may write his solutions to the Problems. 
The Blue Book is returned to the Institute for criti- 
cism and rating by an experienced Critic, who is 
always a member of the bar with both practical and 
teaching experience. The Blue Book is then mailed 
to the subscriber with personal suggestions from 
the Critic, together with a set of Model Solutions as 
further assistance to the subscriber. 

The solutions are graded on the following scale: 

A=Excellent. D=Fair. 

B=Very Good. E=Passing. 

C=Good. E=No credit. 

Your powers to analyze and to construct are de- 
veloped in a great degree by the solution of these 
legal and business Prol)lems. By solving them you 
become experienced in making prompt and correct 
decisions in business and in the practice of law. 

the law trained man 91 

Model Solutions. 

Model Solutions are provided as follows: To 
those who desire to solve the Problems, they are 
returned with the corrected Blue Book which the 
subscriber has forwarded to the Institute. 

To those who do not wish to send in their Solu- 
tions they will be provided at the same time the 
Problems are furnished. This permits of a study of 
the Prol)lems and Solutions in a minimum amount 
of time. 

Practice Work 

The graduate of Blackstone Institute is prepared 
to engage in the actual practice of law. Through- 
out the Course, he is instructed in the practical ap- 
plication of the rules he learns. He finds out how 
to do things. He learns how to address the court, 
how to draft pleadings, how to draw up motions and 
orders, how to try a case, etc. 

Exercises and hints on drafting, as well as on 
giving opinions on legal instruments, play an im- 
portant part in the Course. Especial attention is 
given to Abstracts of Titles, how to draft various 
instruments, how to obtain a patent, etc. 

Personal and Individual Service 

By means of the personal and individual service 
the subscriber is brought into close relationship 
with the members of the Staff of Blackstone Insti- 
tute. Upon enrollment, the subscriber is invited to 
furnish such information concerning his business 
experience or education as he cares to give. 


This enables the Staff to direct and give definite 
and helpful suggestions for his course. At fre- 
quent intervals thereafter, the members of the 
Staff send letters of assistance and co-operation on 
his personal progress, as well as on topics of cur- 
rent legal interest. 

The subscriber is privileged to submit as many 
inquiries as he desires on questions arising in the 
Course. The Institute seeks to give men and 
women an opportunity to acquire a thorough knowl- 
edge of law. Its Staff is ready, therefore, to render 
effective service by making prompt reports on all 

The Staff of Blackstone Institute has access to 
the large law libraries in Chicago — Chicago Law 
Institute, Chicago Bar Association, Northwestern 
University, University of Chicago and other smaller 
libraries. It is able, therefore, to furnish complete 
reports which contain references to authorities and 

"Your prompt and full reports on the questions I have 
asked from time to time are in themselves a law edu- 
cation. The same is true of the suggestions which you 
send to me concerning my solutions. 

"I daily become more and more interested in the 
Modern American Law Course and Service." 


Gulf Oil Co., Tampa, Fla. 


A diploma is awarded to the student after he has 
satisfactorily solved all of the Problems on the re- 


quired subjects of the Modern American Law Course 
and Service. 

The diploma certifies that he has successfully 
complied with all of the requirements of the com- 
plete three years' Course. This certificate of grad- 
uation, which is reproduced in this book, is hand- 
somely engraved on finest parchment and its size 
is about 16x21 inches. It is especially suitable for 



Peofit and Loss 

THE Acme Company was an Illinois corpora- 
tion. In the fall and winter of 1914 it suf- 
fered financial difficulties. One of the credi- 
tors was Lloyd Johnson. 

After repeated demands for the sum due to him 
— $400.00 — Johnson placed his claim in the hands 
of an attorney. The latter investigated the situa- 
tion and reported that he could not collect the 
amount because the corporation was practically in- 

Johnson had a smattering knowledge of the law. 
He knew that the general rule was that directors 
and stockholders are not liable for the debts of a 
private corporation. So he accepted the lawyer's 
advice and charged off the amount to profit and 

A few weeks later, in the course of a conversa- 
tion witli a lawyer by the name of Rogerson, Jolm- 
son told al)out his loss. 

"There is one chance for you," Rogerson said. 

'*If you get that money, I shall give you fifty per 
cent as your fee," Johnson promised. 



As soon as Rogerson arrived at liis office be tele- 
phoned to the office of the County Recorder. There- 
by he learned that the Acme Company had not filed 
its charter of incorporation, as required by law. 

''That settles it," he said to himself. He then 
telephoned to Johnson and asked him for the names 
of the directors of the Acme Company. 

''Of what value is that information?" Johnson 

"Because we can hold them personally," ex- 
plained the lawyer. ' ' They did not file their charter 
in the office of the County Recorder, so they are 
liable as partners." 

Rogerson filed suit for Johnson and obtained a 
judgment against the directors. One of them was 
financially responsible, so the full amount was col- 
lected. Johnson paid Rogerson $200.00. 

"I am glad it is you who gets this," he said, "but 
I am going to devote my spare time in learning 
these valuable points myself." 

SuPEKFiciAL Knowledge 

The first lawyer's advice was the product of an 
inefficient system of law study. He knew a gen- 
eral rule but failed to appreciate its application. 
Rogerson, on the other hand, collected the fee. He 
possessed that slight additional knowledge which 
gave him the margin of ability over the first attor- 
ney. He obtained this advantage without additional 
effort or time by reading the Modern American 
Law Course and Service. 

96 blackstone institute 

The Big Idea 

The big idea in the organization of Blackstone 
Institute is the preparation and conduct of a Course 
in law based on more than twenty-five years of ex- 
perience. Our Course and Service is actively con- 
ducted by a competent and recognized Staff of edu- 
cators, judges and lawyers. It is highly recom- 
mended by other members of the bench and bar, by 
bar examiners, by deans and professors in the law 
schools, by business men and by subscribers them- 

"An institution is as big as the men who guide its 

In its history of a quarter of a century the busi- 
ness methods of the Blackstone Institute, including 
The Sprague Correspondence School of Law, have 
never been criticized. 

"I have no doubt that Blackstone Institute will find 
an increasing appreciation among a large clientage." 

Former Secretary of State, United States. 

A Standard Course and Service 

Only a system of instruction in law which follows 
the standard set by the resident schools may proper- 
ly be termed a Standard Law Course and Service. 
The mere reading of law books — however excellent 
— is not the equivalent to a well-organized, logical 
and practical system of studying law. 

The method of instruction must be the result of 
careful studv aimed to meet the needs of its read- 


ers. Its features must be of the highest standard. 
Systematic direction by an experienced Staff of 
distinguished educators, judges and lawyers is es- 
sential. In the Blackstone Institute method of 
studying law all of the requirements of a standard 
Course and Service are included. 

Simple, Easy, Faschstating 

For the first time an effort has been made to 
state the principles of modern law in simple English 
which the layman can understand. In the Modern 
American Law Course and Service the authors ex- 
plain each rule simply and clearly. 

"Every portion of the Course is written in clear under- 
standable English." 

F. STEVENS, Asst. Cashier, 
American Trust & Savings Bank, Alabama. 

Only legal phrases which are in general use in 
the law are employed. Wherever they are adopted, 
the literal translation immediately follows. It is 
unnecessary, even to have a law dictionary in read- 
ing this Course. The indexes will furnish the 
meaning of a word in a moment's time. 

"Where I have stopped to read I have found edifica- 
tion in its fresh, simple and clear statements of legal 

Supreme Court of Alabama. 

Not only is the Modern American Law Course 
and Service simple and easy, but it is intensely 
fascinating. The authors have written in a highly 



interesting manner. Subscribers repeatedly write 
that reading law by this method is like reading a 

"Reading law by your method is so intensely inter- 
esting, as well as practical, that it has assumed the form 
of recreation rather than a task." 

WALTER 0. FORD, President, 
Ford Manufacturing Company, Chicago. 

Practical Information 

Instruction in legal principles is of value only 
when it is practical. To know that by a general rule 
the directors of a corporation are not liable for its 
debts is useless if one does not also know that the 
directors are liable if the corporation's charter has 
never been filed. 

In the Modern American Law Course and Serv- 
ice the reader acquires a practical working knowl- 
edge of the law. First, he leams the principles of 
the law; second, he is trained to apply them to his 
or his client's business and personal affairs. 

"I enrolled for the Modern American Law Course 
and Service to be able to answer the legal questions 
which daily arise in our business and require immediate 
answer. I never realized, however, that you could place 
such a fund of information at my disposal as your 
Course covers." 

F. M. STEWART, Chicago Manager, 

H. Griffin d Sons Co. of New York. 

This information includes the law in modern sub- 
jects of business importance such as "Interstate 
Commerce," ''Good Will and Unfair Competition," 


"Trademarks," "Receivers," "Interference with 
Contractual Relations," "Strikes," "Picketing," 
"Boycotts," "Banks and Trust Companies," etc. 

Each assignment of this Course and Service fol- 
lows in logical order. As the Course unfolds itself 
to the subscriber, he grasps easily what he has read 
and sees clearly the splendid plan of the whole 
Course. The Guides indicate the information of 
greatest immediate value to him, eliminating un- 
necessary steps. Special Lectures and Bulletins 
keep the subscriber in touch with legal problems of 
current interest. 

Study of Legal Documents 

Dean Wigmore of Northwestern University Law 
School, in an address before the Association of 
American Law Schools, December, 1914, advocated 
the study of documents in the law schools. He said : 

"We have little use at the present time for the cus- 
tomary law, but we have great use in our law schools of 
the present day for the current business practices of the 
business men of the nation. I think our law courses 
would be much improved if the professors of law would 
introduce the various concrete documents in use in busi- 
ness today into the classroom work. 

"When a student is studying leases he should have a 
lease before him and when the business laws of trans- 
portation are before the student he should be provided 
with a bill of lading. In short, each law school should 
possess and use a full set of business documents." 

This training has always been one of the features 
of the Modern American Law Course and Service. 
The subscriber is not only furnished with legal 


forms, but acquires a working knowledge of how to 
draft documents, how to keep proper book accounts, 
how to protect himself under compensation acts, and 
how to determine his rights in connection with any 

Prepaeixg for the Bar 

Unusual opportunities are offered to those who 
are preparing for the bar examination. All legal 
subjects required by bar examiners are included in 
our Course and Service. Each series of Problems is 
prepared under the direction of experienced bar ex- 
aminers. The solution of these Problems provides 
a systematic training in answering the questions 
wliicli are asked of applicants for admission to the 

Graduates are Successful Lawyers 

The overwhelming proof of the superiority of our 
method is furnished by the successes of our law 
trained graduates, for a quarter of a century. 

Our students are practicing law in every state of 
the Union. In the entire history of the school only 
four of our graduates failed in their bar examina- 
tions. Some of these passed in their second at- 

We guarantee to coach you free, if otherwise 
qualified, you fail to pass the bar examination. 

More than 30,000 students have enrolled with us. 
We have had subscribers in every civilized country 
on tlie face of the globe. 

We number among our graduates at least one 


governor of a state, several congressmen, many 
judges, many state senators and representatives, 
and innumerable state, county and city officers. 

Mechanical Advantages 

The subscribers of the Blackstone Institute can 
read the features of its Course and Service under 
all sorts of conditions. Each part of the Course is 
prepared for convenient use not alone at home or in 
the office, but on the car or train. 

The volumes of Modern American Law are com- 
pact, light and easy to handle. One volume will 
fit into your coat pocket. You can carry several 
volumes conveniently. 

"They are convenient to carry around with me when 
holding Court in the twenty-four counties comprising 
my district." 

H. H. WHITAKER, Referee in Bankruptcy, 

Southern District of Iowa. 

The Guides and Lectures are bound in attractive, 
serviceable covers and can be carried about and 
read anywhere. 

Reading today is done in many instances in arti- 
ficial light. The most exacting care was exercised, 
therefore, in the selection of the type for the fea- 
tures of this Course. After numerous proofs had 
been made of every acceptable reading type, the De- 
Vinne type was chosen. This style does not strain 
the eyes. It is used in the printing of Modern 
American Law, the Guides and the Lectures. 

This type can be read as easily in artificial light 


as in daylight. Furthermore, by using uniform 
type in the features of the Course one can pass, for 
example, from Modern American Law to a Lecture 
without requiring the eyes to adjust their vision to 
a new type. 

The same exceptional care is taken in printing 
all the reading material of the Course. The presses 
are run at low speed and the printing is subjected 
to most thorough press work inspection. 

"The books and booklets are printed with such large 
distinct type that I find I can readily cover double the 
assigned matter." 

G. M. COSSITT, Assistant Cashier, 

LaGrange State Bank, Illinois. 

A special book paper is used in Modern American 
Law. It is thin, tough and perfectly opaque. By 
its use it is possible to publish the complete set in 
but twenty-six inches of desk space, although there 
are about nine hundred pages to each volume. In 
the Guides, Lectures and Problems a clean, service- 
able paper is used. 

Personal Service 

One of the features of the resident school which 
has been effectively developed in tlio Modern Ameri- 
can Law Course and Service is the i)ersonal instruc- 
tion wliich it renders to the subscriber. He is 
guided by the Staff in the light of his prior educa- 
tion or business experience, and is in a class by him- 

"Under your plan a student gets more thorough reci- 


tation drilling than in a class room, where, if composed 
of twenty students, a student is only apportioned one- 
twentieth of the recitation period. Under your system 
he is allowed to recite on every question." 

Assistant Chief Deputy Clerk of the Municipal Court of 

This individual instruction resembles the tutor 
system. The subscriber is invited to furnish the 
Staff with information as to his age, education, busi- 
ness experience, and his purpose in reading law. 
This information is studied by a member of tlie 
Staff, so that the subscriber is regarded as an in- 
dividual — not merely one of a class. In this man- 
ner, the Staff can give him suggestions and special 
information to fit his particular needs. The sub- 
scriber may progress as rapidly as his ability per- 
mits. No one can delay him. 

"I do not see how it is possible for you to give so 
much personal attention to the individual student. I 
believe that I am getting as much from this Course as I 
received in the same length of time while in actual 
attendance at a first class law school." 

Supt. Schools, North Dakota. 


As often as his individual case may require, the 
subscriber receives special service. Letters are 
sent to him by the Staff to stimulate him and to pre- 
vent him from falling into careless habits of study- 
ing. By this friendly co-operation, the subscriber 
to the Modern American Law Course and Service 


finds a personal appreciative interest which assists 
liim materially in becoming and obtaining the ad- 
vantages of a law trained man. 

Their Regrets 

Many of the subscribers of the Modern American 
Law Course and Service had already achieved suc- 
cess in business and in the legal profession. Wlien 
they began at the bottom of the ladder they encoun- 
tered many difficulties which hampered their prog- 
ress. These, they write, would have been readily 
overcome had they then enjoyed the advantages of 
the Modern American Law Course and Service. 
They fully appreciate now the incomparable value 
of an adequate, thorough law training. Here are 
some typical expressions: 

"Every page brings home more strongly the thought 
of what your course might have done for me, had I been 
able to follow it years ago." 

' "My only regret is that I have not had an earlier 
opportunity offered to me to take advantage of the 
great benefits to be derived from Blackstone Institute." 

"Had I known, years ago, just a small part of the 
information which your Course has taught me, I should 
have been saved time, loss and money." 

"My only regret is that it was not possible for me 
to acquire this training years ago." 

"I had no idea that the study of law could be made 
80 interesting. Everything seems to have been made 
as simple as possible and written in such a way that it 
Is easy to assimilate the points brought out. I regret, 
however, that your Course was not open to me years 
ago. Although there are no royal roads to learning, 
there are good roads and bad ones. I have no hesitation 


in saying tiiat your method is not only a good one, but 
to my mind the best." 

A LiBEKAL, Education 

Every educated man and woman seeks to be cul- 
tured. Culture brings to one tlie ability to converse 
well and without embarrassment. It develops the 
power to write forcibly and effectively. Culture is 
the result of a liberal education. 

No branch of human knowledge is foreigTi to the 
law. It is itself a liberal education. It rounds out 
and completes the training of every man and woman. 
It brings culture. 

As you study the Modern American Law Course 
and Service you learn the elements of the sciences 
and arts. In the common law, you have history ; in 
the statute law, the organization of states ; in crimi- 
nal law, sociology and prison reform; in evidence, 
psychology ; in pleadings, logic ; in master and serv- 
ant, economics. Through this Course you increase 
your vocabulary. You also learn how to concen- 
trate — how to make the best use of your time in 
order to have more time for leisure. 

For those who are without prior schooling in the 
colleges or the high schools, the Modern American 
Law Course and Service combines in simple form 
the elements of all education. It brings to 3^ou the 
opportunity to acquire a liberal education and the 
culture of the law trained man. 

The educated mind and broadened intellect of the 
law trained man make him a leader. He presides 


over distinguislied audiences. He is requested to 
receive prominent visitors to bis city or town. He 
is invited into the most exclusive social circles. His 
valuable advice is sougbt by civic organizations. He 
is appointed to investigating committees. 

The culture of the law trained man is that of the 
intellect. He is prominent by the very force of his 
superior training. 

Why the Blackstone Institute Method? 

To study law by the Blackstone Institute method 
does not demand hardship or sacrifice. You can 
obtain the manifold advantages which the Staff 
offers to you in its Course and Service without 
interfering with your present occupation. You 
can profit by the experience and knowledge of these 
men while you earn your living. 

A few of the advantages of the Modern Ameri- 
can Law Course and Service have been outlined in 
the preceding pages. No doubt, you have discov- 
ered many distinctly new, but approved features in 
studying law. You have also noted that modern 
methods for learning have been adopted. 

A description of a session of the Supreme Court 
of the United States does not produce the same 
effect as if you had been present yourself in the 
courtroom while the Justices took their places on the 
l)onoh. So it is with the Modem American Law 
Course and Service. The printed word can never de- 
pict its progressive nature, its high standards and 
its efficiency. Your full appreciation can come only 
if you lot us make it serve you. 

the law trained man 107 

Points Emphasized 


Blackstone Institute, including' The Sprague Cor- 
respondence School of Law, is the oldest and largest 
institution for law training in the world. 

In more than twenty-five years' history the busi- 
ness methods of this school have never been criti- 

Our Course and Service is universally endorsed 
by prominent members of President Wilson's Cabi- 
net, by United States Senators and Representatives, 
by more than a thousand leading judges and law- 
yers in all parts of the country and by the heads of 
great corporations and educational institutions 

We have the confidence and esteem of deans and 
professors in the leading resident law schools. 

Eighty distinguished authorities — America's best 
legal talent — including prominent deans and pro- 
fessors in leading resident law schools, eminent 
judges and leading lawyers — contributed to this 
Course and Service. 

Modern American Law Course and Service is the 
only home study course actually supervised by a 
Staff of deans and professors in resident law 
schools, judges, lawj^ers, bar examiners and busi- 
ness men. 

We combine the best features of both the text 
and case methods of instruction. 

Our Course covers all the subjects offered in the 
resident law schools, and includes every subject re- 
quired by bar examiners. 


We are the only institution offering a home study 
course in law which can offer you the leading stand- 
ard work, Modern American Law. (Cited: "M. A. 

Modern American Law is the only authoritative 
series especially prepared for home study, which is 
cited by Supreme Court Judges in their opinions 
and used by hundreds of lawyers throughout the 

This new work, including both text and cases, is 
rapidly supplanting the older standard text books 
in the leading resident law schools. 

The Staff directs your reading b}' Guides espe- 
cially prepared for this Course. 

We offer you Problems for solution which have 
been prepared under the direction of former bar ex- 

Your solutions to the Problems are graded only 
l)y members of the bar. We provide you with Model 
Solutions for comparison with your solutions of the 

Blackstone Institute alone offers Lectures writ- 
ten by authorities on subjects otherwise not found 
in books. 

We give }ou Individual and Personal Service. 

Such an array of equipment for a thorough, mas- 
terful legal training is proof positive tliat we are 
pre-eminently fitted to teach you. 

Only a few hours a week taken out of your spare 
time are necessary to complete the entire Course. 
You may proceed as rapidly as you desire. Many 


of our students complete the Course in less than 
three years. 

No specific preliminary education is required. 
The Course is easy to read — everything is written 
in plain simple English. 

Our Course and Service is the result of many 
years of successful experience in teaching law both 
at home and in the resident law schools. 
. We have successfully taught law to thousands of 
students. More than thirty thousand students have 
enrolled with us. 

Our graduates are practicing law in every state 
of the Union. 

The Oldest School — Founded 1890 — The 
Largest School. 


"Every man who expects to achieve substantial success 
in the business or professional world should be legally 


THE law trained man will always continue to 
stamp bis name upon business affairs — tlie le- 
gal profession will always claim tbe bigbest 
bonors witbin tbe gift of our democracy. 

Tbe law trained man is rapidly outstripping bis 
untrained rival. ' ' Wbat are you studying now I " is 
the question wbicli is being asked today. If you can 
answer, "Law," your services are preferred. 

How, tben, sball you become law trained? By tbe 
Modern American Law Course and Service. 

Your Success 

After the witnesses have testified in a law suit, 
experts given their opinions and documents been 
offered in evidence, tbe lawyers make their closing 
arguments to tbe jury. The judge then instructs 
them. After weighing the evidence for each side 
they bring in their verdict. If tbe court accepts 
tlieir decision, be enters a final judgment in tbe case. 

In the preceding pages you have read tbe testi- 
mony of many competent witnesses on the merits 
of tbe Course and Service of Blackstone Institute. 



You have considered the opinions of expert educa- 
tors and have read the unanimous verdict of law- 
yers and business men that this Course and Service 
is simple, practical and thorough. Judges have ex- 
plained for you its superior standard of reading 
law. You are now ready to form your final judg- 
ment on this evidence. 

You know what this Course and Service is doing 
for others. It will do the same for you. The Staff 
of Blackstone Institute will make you a law trained 
man— increase your abiUties, your efficiency, your 
earning power. 

You have been told why the busiest men make 
time to read this Course — how it enables them to 
avoid expensive mistakes. Subscribers have testi- 
fied for you that their legal knowledge in single 
instances alone has more than repaid the time they 
gave. Yet, their interesting reading occupied only 
a few hours each week. 

The well-organized Course and Service of the 
Blackstone Institute has been described. You know 
that the law student can herein receive a legal train- 
ing equaled only by that of the resident school, 
and an intimate personal service developed to a de- 
gree never before reached even by a college course. 
You know that herein business men can acquire the 
fundamentals of all branches of the law by a prac- 
tical, interesting and time-saving method. 

You also know that the Staff, composed of edu- 
cators, lawyers, judges and business men, can give 
you the opportunity to win the big rewards in busi- 


uess and in the legal profession which come to the 
law trained man. The evidence is conclusive. 

Final Judgmen^t 

Today never comes again. To delay forming 
your judgment, even for a day, is to permit those 
who are studying law to gain an advantage over you. 
Decide now in favor of your personal success. 

Decide to win success through law — to study law 
with the Staff of Blackstone Institute. Let them 
serve you now — before another day slips by. Make 
your decision today — and act. 


OF the thousands of commendatory letters that 
we are constantly receiving, those which fol- 
low are fair samples. They show the thor- 
oughness and efficiency of our Course and Service, 
what we have enabled others to accomplish, what we 
can therefore enable you to accomplish. Can you 
ask stronger testimony? These letters are worth 
your careful reading. 

From Attorney General's Office. 

It is very pleasing to realize that at last a sensible and 
clear course in law has been presented to the men of the country, 
bringing to them a course of university standards. 

Special Assistant, in charge of anti-trust legislation, to 
the Attorney General of the United States. 

From a Foremost University Professor. 

Prof. Charles A. Graves, of the University of Virginia, 
Charlottesville, Va., while Dean of the Law Department of the 
Washington and Lee University, wrote to one of our students: 
"It gives me pleasure to speak in terms of high commendation 
of The Blackstone Institute, including the Sprague Correspond- 
ence School of Law. My opinion of it is based upon my observa- 
tion of the number of their graduates who have afterwards taken 
our law course and upon the testimony of their students. One 
of their students took our course in one year and graduated 
second in his class. Of course, as The Blackstone Institute has 
often stated, the study of law by correspondence cannot fully 
take the place of the regular law school, nor supply the ad- 
vantages of personal intercourse with one's teachers and fel- 
low students, but it is the next best thing — far superior to the 
study of law in an office." 

8 [ 113 ] 


Three Stuuents Pass in One Examination in Oklahoma, Meet- 
ing That State's Severe Requirements — First 
and Third Honors. 

Foss, Oklahoma. 

I here enclose you a copy of the "Foss Enterprise" which 
gives an account of my passing the bar examination at Guthrie. 
I came out head man in the examination in the grades and 
received a great ovation in the Supreme Court room at Guthrie 
for the honors I had attained in the examination. I thought 
you would be interested to hear and so I write you this letter. 


W. J. O'HARA. 

Commissioners of the Land Office, 
State of Oklahoma. 

Guthrie, Okla. 
Dear Sir: 

I beg to acknowledge receipt of the diploma sent me and to 
assure you that I prize the same very highly. It gives me a 
great deal of pleasure to inform you that I have just stood the 
bar examination in this state and passed the same with com- 
parative honors, being the third man in a class of sixty-five, 
among whom were Harvard, Yale, Ann Arbor, Vanderbilt, and 
other college men. I made an average grade on the sixteen 
subjects on which I was examined of 90 per cent., the high man 
only going forty points above me on the total of the grades for 
the sixteen subjects. I am now admitted to practice in all the 
courts of Oklahoma, and want to assure you that I feel that to 
your splendid institution is due a great deal of the credit. 

Thanking you for past favors and assuring you of my good 
wishes, good will, and assistance, if possible, I am. 

Yours very truly, 

(Signed) R. P. WYATT. 

Lynch-Forsythe School, 
Ray S. Fellows, Principal. 

Tulsa, Oklahoma. 

I passed the Oklahoma bar examination the first week in 
December, along with two others of your students, in a class of 
more than sixty. My grade was 88 1/^, the highest being but a 


few points higher. There were applicants who graduated from 
Yale, Harvard, Chicago, Michigan, and all the other strong law 
schools in the country, but few of them got a higher grade than 
I did. 

Wishing to thank you for all that I have gotten out of your 
course, and adding that I shall, at all times, be glad to recom- 
mend your School to would-be lawyers, I remain, 

Very sincerely yours, 


A New England Student Succeeds. 

Berlin, N. H. 

Dear Sir: 

Answering your inquiry, I found The Blackstone Institute, 
including The Sprague Correspondence School of Law Course, 
very good indeed. Their text-books are fine and their les- 
sons are easy to comprehend and instructive, and I have no 
hesitancy in recommending it very highly to you. 

For your own judgment as to the value of the course, I will 
state that at the time I took the bar examination there were 
students from Boston University and Harvard Law School, and 
that I took no instruction in law but the Blackstone Course and 
Service, yet my examination ranked the highest of any in the 


Yours very truly, 


Passes New York Bab Examination. 

2 Rector Street, New York, N. Y. 

Dear Sir: 

It will please you to know that I have been admitted to the 
Bar of the State of New York; and I am glad to testify to the 
fact that it was due to the thorough training received through 
your method of teaching that I owe my knowledge of the funda- 
mental principles of the law. 

I have a friend who thinks he would like to take up the study 
of the law. Please send him particulars. 

Wishing your School continued prosperity, I am, 

Very truly yours, 




474 Cleveland St., Brooklyn. 

I hereby acknowledge the receipt of my diploma from your 
School. And also wish to say that I have found your School 
everything as represented. 

Yours very truly, 


From ax Old Student, Now a Successful Ohio Lawyer. 

Columbus, Ohio. 

Your system commends itself in my estimation as the most 
advantageous method of study by any person who is not attend- 
ing the regular law school. It furnishes the student with the 
direction and outline needed to call his attention to the essential 
elements of the particular branch of the law which he has, at 
the time, under consideration. 

In my case, I was teaching at the time I took a part of the 
course and used the method thus offered to supplement the 
general direction of the lawyer under whom I was registered. 
I found it suited exactly to the purpose, thus enabling me to 
secure advanced standing in the regular law school which I 
afterwards attended. 

I desire to extend my grateful regards to the management of 
the School, and am pleased to note its continuing success. 

With best wishes for the future, I am, 

Yours truly, 
(Signed) 0. E. HALTERMAN. 

Thoroughly Qualified For Advanced Standing in University 
Law School. 

Lexington, Va. 
Gentlemen : 

I am in receipt of your favor of the 10th inst., for which 
accept my thanks. 

Since writing you last I have entered the law department of 
the Washington and Lee University. Will say in passing, that 
owing to the thoroughness of my work with you and the effi- 
ciency of your excollent course, I am enabled to enter the Senior 
class here, and find that my knowledge of the law is clearer and 


more thorough than many who spent their Junior year at this 
or some other college. 

Very respectfully yours, 


A Utah County Clerk Passes Bar Examination — An Inter- 
esting Case. 

Heber, Utah. 

I take special pleasure in informing you that I took the 
State bar examination on the 10th day of October, in a class of 
twelve, including graduates of the Law Departments of Yale, 
Harvard, University of Michigan and University of Chicago, and 
was admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of the State of 
Utah on October 11th; also that on December 5th, I was admitted 
to the bar of the Federal Courts of the District of Utah. 

I have been slow, as I enrolled with you in June, 1902, bor- 
rowing the money to pay my tuition, but I have supported a 
family of seven, including myself, during that time, and am 
living in a much more comfortable home than when I began 
to read law. My license as an attorney represents to me my 
savings account of odd minutes (very few whole hours) during 
that time, and even if I should never practice law, I should con- 
sider it very valuable. 

As it is, I retire from the County Clerk's office next Monday 
noon, and expect to hang out my shingle at Myton on January 
15th. Wishing your school the success it deserves, I remain, 
with heartfelt gratitude, 


County Clerk. 

Adjiitted to Bar in Missouri. 

Leavenworth, Kansas. 
Dear Sirs: 

I passed the bar examination in Missouri last May after 
studying with you for only a year and a half, and before I had 
completed your full course. The examination was unusually 
severe, a fact which is attested by the failure of 51 candidates 
out of a class of 149, of whom by far the greater majority were 
graduates of resident law schools. 

Beginning January 1st, 1911, I will be practicing for myself 
in Kansas City, Mo., and would be glad to have you use my 


name as a reference to any young man who might be contem- 
plating an enrollment in your course. 

Very truly yours, 


Getting Good Resut-ts ix Central America. 

Bluefields, Nicaragua. 
The greater part of the work so far covered is review of 
studies successfully passed at the University before I came here, 
and I can now say that I am getting a great deal more out of 
the subjects than I did some years ago. 

American Consul. 

Great Mental Training. 

San Luis, Pampanga, P. I. 
Dear Sirs: 

In a few weeks I shall have finished my course. I have en- 
joyed the work immensely. I believe that I am better equipped 
mentally for having taken it. It seems to me that I can attack 
subjects other than the law in a more logical manner than I 
could before taking up this subject. I should have finished 
more than a year ago, but the nature of my work kept me away 
from home much of the time. 

I am perfectly satisfied with the course as laid out by your 
school, and know that I could pass the examination in any State. 

Very respectfully, 
(Signed) JAMES H. BASS. 

Stands First in Texas Bar Examination. 

Austin, Texas. 

Your favor of the 4th inst. has been received. The examina- 
tion to which I referred was the State Bar Examination; how- 
ever, as I expect to complete the course with you, I am retaining 
the question sheet. I expect to renew work on the course to- 
morrow night. 

I am just in receipt of a card reading as follows: 

"Fort Worth, Texas, November 15, 1910. 
"Dear Sir: 

"The Board of Legal Examiners have returned their 


report and I am very glad to tell you that you made the 
best grade, your grade being a general average of 95. 
Only two passed. Will send you license soon. 

Yours truly, 
"(Signed) J. A. SCOTT, Clerk." 
I feel much pleased at my success in passing this examina- 
tion, as it was a very stiff one, there being about one hundred 
questions on each subject. Ten days were consumed in the ex- 

While communicating to you the above information, I desire 
to express my appreciation of the great assistance afforded by 
the course of study conducted by you, as I feel that without your 
guidance no amount of study would have prepared me for the 
examination within the same period of time. 

Very truly yours, 
(Signed) G. F. ZIMMERMAN. 

Ranked Well W'ith Unh-ersity Graduates in Nebraska Bar 

Nebraska City, Neb. 


Perhaps it will be of some little interest to you to learn that 
on the 8th and 9th of this month I took the examination for 
admission to the bar, and that I succeeded without any difficulty 
whatever. With me, participating in the examination, were ten 
others, mostly students of law colleges, but at no point in the 
proceedings did any of them have any advantage over me, and 
I was given to underst-and by members of the examining board 
that I ranked well with them. I have every reason to commend 
your course of instruction, especially in that during the three 
years that I have been required to study by the statutes of my 
state, I have not been required to lose any time from my regular 
employment on account of it. 

Wishing you and all your students the success in their en- 
deavors that has so far attended me, I am, 

Yours very truly, 

(Signed) J. S. MEYER. 

An Enthusiastic Graduate in the Philippines. 
The Supreme Court of The Philippine Islands. 

Manila, P. I. 
Gentlemen : 

I have the honor to inform you that I have been admitted to 


practice before all the courts of the Philippine Islands, as the 
result of having successfully passed the bar examination last 

The examination extended over a period of three days. There 
were a hundred candidates who took the examination. Forty- 
six passed. I made a creditable showing and stood fifteenth in 
final average. 

In conclusion, I desire to thank you gentlemen for your kind- 
ness to me, and to say this much in behalf of The Blackstone 
Institute, including The Sprague Correspondence School of 
Law: I consider that it is the best correspondence school of 
law in existence; its methods are the best; its course is the 
most thorough, and its professors are as capable as can be found 
in any law school. I owe much to your school. I would not 
have been able to pass the bar examination had I not taken your 

Wishing you more success, I remain, 

Gratefully yours, 

Attorney-at-Law, Manila, P. I., care Supreme Court. 

Helped Him Wix Advanced Standing in Resident School. 

Valparaiso, Ind. 

I have your letter of the 4th and thank you for your encour- 
agement and help. Coming here, as I have, late, I am under a 
burden of discouraging circumstances, but the work under you 
has enabled me to swing into the classes, and I believe I can 
make it all right. 

Again thanking you and assuring you I am a warm friend 
of your school and your thorough method of instruction, I 

Yours truly, 



Blackstone Institute, including The Sprague Correspondence 
School of Law, has entered with its instruction every civilized 
country on the face of the globe and presents herewith a list 
made up from the many hundreds of its foreign students: 


Aalsquarde, Denmark — A. M. Levinsohn. 

Albay, P. I. — Albert E. Somerville. 

Altona, Manitoba — Daniel McLean. 

Bangkok, Siam — Soh Thian Luis. 

Barkersville, Ont. — E. D. Fargo. 

Batopilas, Mex. — Frank E. Cody. 

Brantford, Ont.— W. 0. McKay. 

Cairo, Egypt — Said Saad. 

Cartigena, Columbia — Oliver P. MacKay. 

Calgary, N. W. T.— William A. Yuill. 

Cavite, P. L— H. H. Buck, J. A. Koenig. 

Charleston, B. C. — Mrs. W. L. Harris, J. H. Carnahan. 

Chihuahua, Mex. — J. B. Fressider. 

Chungking, China — Geo. F. Smithers. 

City of Mexico, Mex. — J. R. McDonough, H. W. Reed. 

Coal Banks, N. W. T.— Geo. H. Johnston, Jr. 

Columbia Barracks, Cuba — E. W. Arwood, Troop K, 7th Cavalry. 

Constantinople, Turkey — William W. Peet. 

Constantinople, Turkey — Geo. Stanley Murray. 

Coppercliff, Ont. — J. D. Murray. 

Cornwall, Canada — S. B. Fraser. 

Corozal, C. Z., Panama — Theodore Longabaugh. 

Deseronto, Ontario — C. A. Millener and M. J. Butler, the latter 

of whom, however, has since the beginning of his study 

taken up his residence in Chicago. 
DeWinton, N. W. T.— Isadore Kelly. 
Durango, Mex. — Frank S. Lucas. 
Ensenada, Mex. — E. A. Sawday. 
Fajardo, P. L — Andrew Hoist. 
Farnham, Que. — Malcolm Beaton. 
Foo Chow, China — Wilbur T. Cracey. 
Gibara, Cuba — Pedro A. Cardona. 
Grand Bassa, Liberia — J. H. Green. 
Granville, Yukon — Gustav B. Schuncke. 
Greenwood City, B. C. — C. E. Rueger. 
Guanabacoa, Cuba — M. Morris Delgado. 
Hailua, H. L — John Greig. 
Hakalau, H. L — Eugene A. Capellas. 
Hamilton, Ont. — R. M. Stuart, P. A. Thomson. 
Hamilton, Ont. — Robert K. Palmer, Mrs. J. I. Marshall. 
Hamilton, Ont— Thos. W. Williamson, Jr., J. H. Hamilton. 
Hankow, China — R. A. Frost. 


Students i.\ Every Part of the World. 

Havana, Cuba — Albert F. Elkins, Jose Ramirez de Arellano. 

Havana, Cuba — J. W. Watson, F. A. Morris. 

Havana, Cuba — Geo. L. Weber, John Rivera. 

Heidelberg, Germany — Gustave Mueller. 

Hilea, Hawaii, H. I.— Wm. K. Makakoa. 

Hilo, H. I. — J. E. Gamelielson, W. H. Beers, Geo. Henry Vickars, 
Keith F. Mackie. 

Honokaa, Hawaii — Enos Vincent, Chas. Williams, E. W. Estep. 

Honolulu, H. T. — P. Dansen Kellett, Jr., Harry Z. Austin, Charles 
A. Peterson, M. D.; Wm. L. Peterson. 

Honolulu. H. T.— A. L. Ahlo. 

Honolulu, H. T. — Henry Peters, Henry Hapai, Carlos A. Long, 
W. O. Cromwell, W. J. Coelho, C. H. Dickey, J. A. Templeton, 
Edwin Farmer, H. I. Johnston, Joseph Frias, J. L. Poorman, 
Samuel Kallva, W. L. Howard, John A. Hughes, Miller V. 
Parsons,- W. R. Chilton, Jr., Eugene Z. Aiu, S. Cheng Chau. 

Iloilo, P. I.— W. C. Taylor. 

Ingersoll, Ont. — F. Bradbury, Geo. Batcheller. 

Kahului, H. I.— H. W. Baldwin. 

Kailua, H. I. — Jno. C. Lenhart. 

Kalso, B. C— D. McPhail. 

Kaneche, H. I. — William Henry. 

Kapoho, H. T. — Chas. Weatherbee. 

Kealia, H. I.— John W. Neal. 

Khartoum, Sudan — Abd El Galiel Saad. 

Kingston, Ont.— H. B. Mills, Robert M. Allen. 

Kingsville, Ont.— J. A. McK. Williams. 

Kohala, H. I.— J. F. Child. 

Kolva, H. I.— J. S. Ferry. 

Kukuhaele, H. I. — William Homer. 

Lahaina, Maui, H. I. — W. Elmo Reavis, A. W. Hayselden. 

Lahaina, H. I. — E. A. Carleton. 

Laupahoehoa, H. I. — Geo. M. Deacon. 

Lepperton, New Zealand — David Bennett 

Levis, P. Q. — Guy A. Simpson. 

Lihue, H. L— S. Sheva. 

London, Ont. — John W. Dickson. 

Lucena, P. L— W. W. Weston. 

Magdalena, P. L — Jose Francis. 

Magot, Que. — J. Theo. McRae. 

Makaweli, H. L — J. Dyson. 


Students in Every Part of the World. 

Manila, P. I.— Fred C. Fisher, Donald Hummer. 
Manila, P. I.— Chas. F. Herr, Isaac P. Israel, John T. Miller. 
Manila, P. I.— Lieut. E. M. Norton, William H. Donovan, E. 
Douglas Barnes, C. W. Rheberg, Oscar F. Rickard. W. D. 
Cheek, Lieut. Walter D. Buttenbach, Harry L. Beckjord, 
Gregorio Neva, A. O. Zinn. 
Mantanzas, Cuba— F. W. Kirksey. 
Mexico City, Mex.— D. G. Farragut, H. F. Bennett. 
Middleton, N. B. — Winthrop H. Lockhart. 
Moncton, N. B.— Q. C Rand. 
Monrovia, Liberia — Isaac Mooart. 
Monte Criste, Dom. Rep.— L. Z. Missick. 
Montreal, Can.— Wm. B. Clark, C. P. Simpson. 
Montreal, Que.— William P. Clark, E. Edwin Howard, Stephen 

J. LeHuray, lahiko Honbee, Bernard Rose. 
Mount Brydges, Ont.— Charles J. Bradley. 
Mount Pleasant, B. C— Walter C. Clark. 
Moyee City, B. C— Eldon A. Barrick. 
Nahiku, Hawaii — W. E. Lemon. 
Nanaimo, B. C. — Adam Thompson. 
Nanking, China— T. Theo. Wong. 
Napoosa, Hawaii— Harry T. Mills. 
Nelson, B. C— James Sproat. 
Newburgh, Ont.— E. A. Nesbit. 
North Kona, H. I.— A. McWayne. 
Oahu, H. I. — Charles Wilson. 
Omealca, Mex. — J. G. Mason. 
Orillia, Ont. — Ernest A. Wakefield. 
Paauilo, H. I. — Charles Nottley, Jr. 

Panama, Republic of Panama — D. A. Galdos. 

Papaikou, H. I. — William McCluskey. 

Pasay, P. I.— J. H. Webb. 

Pekin, China — Chas. Denby, Jr., son of the former United States 

Peterborough, Can. — Charles A. Barton. 

Petrolia, Ont.— S. T. Crane. 

Ponce, P. R. — Henry Kersten. 

Puerta Principe, Cuba — Francisco A. Serra. 

Raymond, Alta. — Geo. T. Woide. 

Rodney, Ont. — J. S. Robertson, G. Barnard Morris. 

Rothsay, Ont. — I. H. Lowes. 


Students in E\'ery Part of the World. 

Rossland, B. C— T. C. Hartland, Fred Barker, H. E. Abell. 

St. Davids, Ont.— Howard W. Fairlie. 

St. Johns, N. B. — Stanley M. Hunter. 

St. Johns, Newfoundland — S. A. Churchill. 

St. Petersburg, Russia — R. Hill. 

Saltillo, Mex. — Roque J. Rodrigues. 

San Geronimo, Mex. — Chas. B. Mitchell. 

San Juan, P. R. — Pedro Carlos Timothee, J. H. Hanaford. 

San Luis de la Paz, Mex. — H. D. Brown. 

Santiago, Chili — A. F. Clement. 

Santa Cruz, P. I.— S. C. Tidd. 

Sarnia, Ont. — Stuart G. Cameron. 

Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. — John A. McLeod. 

Shanghai, China — A. L. Ahlo. 

Sheffield Academy, Ont. — C. Sidney Burpee. 

Sitka, Alaska — L. Jensen. 

Smith's Falls, Ont.— J. F. Delaney. 

Smithville, Ont.— C. Fritz Shaw. » 

Stellarton, N. S. — John T. MacLennan. 

Suva, Fiji Islands — Norman Smith. 

Tacloban, P. I.— J. L. Fisk. 

Tacubaya, Mex. — C. N. Puga. 

Tahiti, Soc. I. — William F. Doty. 

Three Rivers, B. C. — Urbain J. Ledoux. 

Toronto, Ont.— W. R. Ward. 

Toronto, Ont. — J. R. Carter, S. A. Weismiller. 

Unga, Alaska — 0. R. McKinney. 

Van Anda, B. C. — Harry McCluskey. 

Vancouver, B. C. — Walter C. Green. 

Waialua, Oahu, H. I. — A. S. Mahaulu. 

Waihi, Ney Zealand — Thomas Hugh Torrens. 

Wailuku, H. I.— S. Keliinoi. 

Waimea, H. I. — I. B. Maklin. 

Walkerville, Ont. — Neil McLachlin. 

Wilno, Ont. — L. M. Makowski. 

Winkler, Man. — Ernest Ritze. 

Winnipeg, Man. — John McRae, Frederick J. G. McArthur, H. P. 

Winnipeg, Man. — L. St. Geo. Stubbs. 
Wolf River, Ont.— M. H. Tupper. 
Yance, P. R.— Rafael M. Delgado. 


Yarmouth, N. S.— Charles S. Pelton. 
Yenangyot, British India — Harry A. Smith. 
Yokohama, Japan — J. E. DeBecker. 
Zumboange, P. I. — J. E. Koenig. 
Tokyo, Japan — Shigeo Kanai. 


Have Studied With Blackstoxe Institute, Including The 
Sprague Coreespondence School of Law. 

It must be borne in mind that constant changes in resi- 
dences take place of which we are not advised, and further, that 
changes in business may occur. Therefore, the list is not abso- 
lutely correct so far as residences and, probably, present busi- 
nesses are concerned. The list is as nearly correct as can be 
made from the information at our disposal. The business given 
is the business in which the student was engaged while studying 
law with us. 


H. L. Goodwin, Farmington, Me., Farmington Weekly Inde- 
Geo. E. Reed, Prairie Depot, Ohio, The Observer. 
Alvah P. French, Mt. Vernon, N. Y., Daily Argus. 
W. L. Davis, Toledo, Ore., Lincoln County Leader. 
Jas. F. Ross, Pearisburg, Va., The Virginian. 
. W. S. O'Brien, Yuba City, Cal., Sutter Independent. 
Wm. M. Pettit, Prospect, O., Advance-Monitor. 
Calvin D. Myers, Glouster, O., Glouster Press. 
J. B. Talavall, New York, N. Y., Publisher Telegraph Age. 
R. C. Merrick, Ellburn, 111., Ellburn Record. 

F. R. Stevens, Crary, N. D., Ramsey Co. Courier. 

B. L. Smith, Basalt, Colo., The Tribune. 

Cyrus Coleman, Henrietta, Tex., Henrietta Independent. 
Clyde R. Hoey, Shelby, N. C, Cleveland Star. 
P. C. Fullmer, W. Jefferson, 0., The Home News. 

G. L. Swartz, Poynette, Wis., Editor and Publisher The Poynet'o 

Wm. J. Latham, Canton, Miss., Baptist Safeguard. 
A. J. Garver, Leeds, N. D., Proprietor Benson County News. 

C. K. Semling, Halstead, Minn., Proprietor Halstead Reporter. 
Prof. W. C. Stevenson, Emporia, Kans., Editor State Normal 



Studied With Us. 

R. T. Clayton, Pavo, Ga., President Pavo Herald Publishing Co. 

C. W. Ludtke, Markesan, Wis., Publisher Markesan Herald. 

Wm. J. Latham, Canton, Miss., Baptist Safeguard. 

Morgan D. Jones, Dosier, Ala., Searight Beacon. 

Jere Dennis, Birmingham, Ala., Labor Advocate. 

A. J. Russell, Green Forest, Ark., Green Forest Tribune. 

E. Anthony, Castrovill, Wash., Castrovill Times. 

O. P. M. Huffman, Portland, N. D., Portland Republican. 

H. Jennings, Bartlesville, Okla., Magnet. 

R. C. Walker, Marion, Ky., Press. 

W. H. Book, Roseau, Minn., Roseau Plain-Dealer. 

Lewis J. Davis, Union, Ore., Republican. 

John R. Hawkins, Kittrell, N. C, Publisher The Educator. 

O. H. Culver, Roche Harbor, Wash., The San Juan Islander. 

John Harris, Cuba, Mo., Publisher The Cuba Telephone. 

W. S. O'Brien, Yreka, Cal., Editor The Siskiyou News. 

A. M. F. Kirchheiner, Antelope, Ore., Publisher The Republican. 

Chas. E. Hicks, Arlington, Ore., The Independent. 

J. B. Sanford, Ukiah, Cal., Dispatch-Democrat. 

C. W. Merriweather, Paducah, Ky., The Bee. 

Jo. Hewlett, Cullman, Ala., The Tribune-Gazette. 

W. H. Folsom, Pinetop, Minn., Homestead Review. 

John Henry Zuver, Battle Creek, Mich., The Lawgiver. 

W. C. Hunt, Walsenburg, Colo., The Walsenburg World. 


Rev. Harry L. Murray, Indianola, 111. 

Rev. Stanley M. Hunter, St. Johns, N. B. 

Rev. H. L. McKinney, Greenville, Tenn. 

Rev. F. A. Burdick, Wilmot, S. D. 

Rev. Owen James, Eastport, Me. 

Rov. Paul N. Coyer, Waterville, Me. 

Rev. Quincy J. Collins, Clayville, N. Y. 

Rev. Smith Ordway, Sodus, N. Y. 

Rev. James Donahue, Summitville, 0. 

Rev. Fred S. Powell, Clunette, Ind. 

Rev. W. T. McConncll, Sidell, 111. 

Rev. R. P. Zebley, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rov. Eugene A. Robinson, Bloomville, N. Y. 

Rev. John Gray, Yammons. 

Rev. C. J. Nutt, Keswick, la. 


Studied With Us. 

Rev. J. R. Ramsey, South Sioux City, Neb. 
Rev. Maurice F. Murpliy, Seattle, Washington. 
Rev. R. R. Bulgin, Montpelier, Indiana. 
Rev. Herman Lind, Ellchart, Indiana. 
Rev. J. R. Finley, Centralia, Missouri. 

G. W. Denman, Corvallis, Ore., Superintendent County Schools. 
W. E. Leitner, Hawthorne, Fla., Principal. 

W. E. Hicks, Ellendale, N. D., Superintendent County Schools. 
C. T. Cocham, Monticello, Ark., Superintendent Monticello 

Graded School. 
I. B. Alford, Geneva, Tex., Principal High School. 
Wellington Hodgkins, West Dennis, Mass., Superintendent High 

W. B. Howard, Childress, Tex., Superintendent Public Schools. 
C. W. Kimmel, Butler, Ind., Superintendent Public Schools. 

C. V. Fulton, Butte, Mont., Principal Garfield School. 

B. E. Nelson, Lewiston, 111., Superintendent Lewiston Public 

G, W. Shaw, Corvallis, Ore., Professor Oregon Agricultural Col- 

B. F. Carter, Benedict, Kan., Principal Benedict High School. 

S. E. Mace, Oquawka, 111., Superintendent County Schools. 

L. L. Raymond, Gering, Neb., Superintendent County Schools. 

D. C. Fleming, Sterling, Colo., Superintendent Public Schools. 
Fred L. Gibson, Meadow Creek, Mont., Principal Public Schools. 
H. B. Fuller, Lewiston, Mich., Principal Public Schools. 

J. F. Main, Keithsburg, 111., Principal Public Schools. 

M. J. Yeomans, Dawson, Ga., Superintendent City Schools. 

R. F. Beausay, Upper Sandusky, O., formerly Superintendent 

Public Schools, Pemberville, O. 
H. T. Lumpkin, Oglethorpe, Ga., Principal Lumpkin Academy. 
Alfred Torngren, Winthrop, Minn., Superintendent Schools. 
D. A. Nesbit, Newburg, Ont., Principal High School. 
Evan W. Estep, Honokaa, Hawaii, H. I., Principal Government 

English School. 
0. L. Galbreth, La Porte, Ind., County Superintendent of Schools. 
Walter Irwin, North Manchester, Ind., Superintendent Public 

F. J. Miller, Fort Benton, Mont., Principal of Schools. 


Studied With Us. 

J. F. Nowlin, Pendleton, Ore., Superintendent of County Schools. 
J. W. Purves, Wausaukee, Wis., Principal Wausaukee Public 

F. E. Green, Kalispell, Mont., Superintendent Public Schools. 
L. G. Scott, Fontanelle, la., Superintendent of Schools. 

E. F. Wilson, Lake City, Fla., Principal Apalachicola Public 

E. L. Coffeen, Waukon, la., Principal Waukon Public Schools. 

P. H. Kelley, Mt. Pleasant, Mich., Superintendent Public 

Wm. P. Ramey, A. M., Carlisle, Ky., Superintendent Carlisle 
City Schools. 

S. C. Fullilove, Shreveport, La., Assistant Principal Boys' Gram- 
mar Schools. 

G. A. Holley, Yale, Miss., Principal Oakland Normal Institute. 
Carl C. Magee, Carroll, Iowa, Superintendent Public Schools. 

J. E. Modin, Center City, Minn., Superintendent County Schools. 
W. M. Webb, Plymouth, 0., Principal Plymouth Public Schools. 
S. E. Mace, Stronghurst, 111., Superintendent County Schools. 

E. O. Busenburg, Glendive, Mont., Principal Public Schools. 
Frank Clapper, Castleton, N. Y., Principal Public Schools. 

A. C. Burrell, Indianapolis, Ind., Professor Indianapolis High 

Charles W. Macomber, A. M., Waukon, la.. Principal Public 

Amos Shinn, "Vincent, 0., Superintendent Public Schools. 
Wm. M. Finch, Willows, Cal., Superintendent County Schools. 

F. E. Lark, Onawa, la.. Superintendent County Schools. 

J. J. McFaul, North McGregor, la.. Principal Public Schools. 
Frank Seward Miller, Mahanoy City, Pa., Superintendent Public 

Dudley Grant Hays, Chicago, 111., Professor Chicago Normal 

J. L. Howser, Broadwell, 111., Superintendent Broadwell Schools. 
J. A. Bexoll, Rock Island, III., Professor Augustana College. 
H. E. Cox, Santa Cruz, Cal., Principal Chestnutwood's Business 

D. C. Luening, Milwaukee, Wis., Principal Second District 

S. E. Gidncy, Smithville, Tex., Superintendent Smithville Public 



Studied With Us. 

G. G. Ulmer, Valley Falls, R. I., Principal Grammar School. 
W. S. Baker, Princeville, 111., Principal Public Schools. 

D. E. Barnes, Tripoli, la.. Principal Public School. 

E. E. Edmonson, Gordon, Tex., Principal Gordon College. 

E. H. Griffin, Lakewood, N. D., Principal Lakewood Public 

R. C. Spencer, Audubon, la.. Superintendent Audubon Schools. 
J. H. T. Ames, New Richmond, Wis., Principal City Schools. 

F. L. Lamson, Montour Falls, N. Y., Professor Cook Academy. 
S. H. Allen, Nashville, Ark., Principal Nashville High School. 
Isaac Mitchell, Georgetown, O., Superintendent Public Schools. 
J. E. Shepard, Logan, Utah, Principal Commercial Department 

Agricultural College of Utah. 
John Gavin, The Dalles, Ore., Principal The Dalles Public 

W. A. Hiatt, Deshler, 0., Superintendent Deshler Public Schools. 
J. W. Faris, Logan, Utah, Principal Commercial Department 

Agricultural College. 
Paul Nichols, Henry, Tenn., Principal Henry High School. 
W. J. Sutton, Cheney, Wash., Principal State Normal School. 
W. L. Cronk, Castle, Mont., Principal Schools. 
J. W. Cooper, Shenandoah, Pa., Principal High School. 
W. P. Johnson, Marengo, la., Superintendent Public Schools. 
J. G. Johnson, Florence, Colo., Secretary Board of Education. 
A. E. Strode, Amherst P. O., Va., Associate Principal Kenmore 

High School. 
George E. Owen, Clinton, 111., Superintendent Public Schools. 
O. A. Allen, St. Peter, Minn., Principal Commercial Department 

Gustavus Adolphus College. 
C. R. Leas, West Sonora, O., Principal High School. 
Wilson M. Foulk, Piedmont, W. Va., Principal Davis Free School. 
J. L. Maynard, Halltown, Mo., Principal Public Schools. 
W. E. Rowe, White Sulphur Springs, Mont., Superintendent Pub- 
lic Schools. 
T. W. Kimber, Dalton, 0., Superintendent Public Schools. 
F. S. Brick, Belfast, Me., Superintendent Public Schools. 
W. C. Thompson, Cheboygan, Mich., Superintendent Public 


J. H. Harris, Bay City, Mich., Principal High School. 

John R. Hawkins, Kittrell, N. C, Supervisor of Schools, A. M. E. 



Studied With Us. 

R. E. Galloway, Sciota, 111., Principal Public Schools. 

H. V. Failor, Denison, la.. Superintendent Public Schools. 

J. R. Trotter, Charleston, W. Va., Superintendent of Free Schools 

of State. 
Reuben Perry, Lac du Flambeau, Wis., Superintendent Indian 

Thomas McCulloch, Red Oak, la.. Superintendent County Schools. 
J. E. Phillips, Sauk City, Wis., Principal High School. 
Pete W. Ross, Morris, Minn., Superintendent Public Schools. 

E. D. Morrison, Crawfordsville, la. 

J. F. Conner, Rock Springs, Wyo., Superintendent Public 

William S. Myers, New Brunswick, N. J., Professor Rutgers Col- 

R. B. Holmes, Danville, 111., Superintendent County Schools. 

Frank Meyers, Dodge, Nebraska, Principal Public Schools. 

H. J. Wendt, Green River, Wyo., Principal Public Schools. 

Homer A. DeLoome, St. Louis, Mo., Professor Beaumont Hospital 
Medical College. 

F. P. Buck, St. Johns, Mich., Principal St. Johns Pligh School. 
R. Scott Miner, Viola, 111., Principal Public Schools. 

Lee A. Glassburn, Defiance, la., Principal Public Schools. 
Frank L. Grinstead, Kettle Falls, Wash., Principal of Public 

C. Martin Alsager, Fairdale, 111., Principal Fairdale Public 

T. A. Luman, Flemingsburg, Ky., Superintendent High School. 
B. M. Hardenbrook, Marion, S. D., Principal Public Schools. 
Edwin Rigby McDorman, Fairmount, Md., Principal Fairmount 

Tom P. Sloan, Washington, Pa., County School Commissioner. 
I. W. Bowman, Scoficld, Utah, Superintendent County Schools. 
W. M. Jackson, Campbellsvillc, Ky., Principal Campbellsville 

High School. 
J. T. Hooper, Ashland, Wis., Superintendent Public Schools. 
Guy W. Selby, Flushing, Mich., Superintendent Graded Schools. 
R. J. Rudscr, Aneta, N. D., Principal Aneta Public Schools. 
Lewis Johnson, Henrietta, Tex., Principal High School. 
T. W. Do Haven, Des Moines, la., Professor Drake University. 
S. S. Beggs, Beardstown, 111., Superintendent Beardstown Publid 



Studied With Us. 

J. S. Phipps, Peytona, W. Va., County Superintendent of Schools. 
H. S. Richardson, Walpole, N. H., Principal Walpole Graded 

Charles Danberg, East Liverpool, O., Secretary East Liverpool 

Public Library. 
Andrew T. Park, Duluth, Minn., Superintendent Public Schools. 
T. O. Sweetland, Kulm, N. Dak., Superintendent Public Schools. 

D. A. Grussendorf, Appleton, Minn., Superintendent Public 

J. Oran Carter, Byron, Tex., Principal Byron Public Schools. 
C. U. Stone, Peoria, 111., Superintendent Public Schools. 
Arthur Butler, Longmont, Colo., Principal Public Schools. 

E. T. Falting, Sherwood, Oregon, Principal Public Schools. 
J. M. Doty, Grand Chain, 111., Superintendent Public Schools. 
Fred E. Hansen, Nevada, Iowa, Superintendent County Schools. 
L. W. Mayberry, Arkansas City, Ark., President North Central 

Kansas Teachers' Association. 
Frank Elzey, Jacksonville, Fla., County Superintendent. 
W. W. Driskell, Conyers, Ga., Superintendent City Schools. 
Roscoe C. Hill, Colorado Springs, Colo., Principal. 
John C. Fisher, Ashland, Ohio, Superintendent Public Schools. 
Oscar Thomas, Greencastle, Ind., County Superintendent. 
Marcus B. Allmond, Millersville, Md., Principal. 
W. M. Hensel, Blissfield, Mich., County School Commissioner. 
John Clerkin, Vernon, Ind., County Superintendent. 
Chas. Coventry, Linton, N. D., County Superintendent. 
Hal E. Puffer, Capron, 111., Principal. 
P. H. Casey, Lynchburg, Va. 
J. F. H. Gorsuch, Fort, Md. 


L. J. Schott, Naperville, 111. 
John Keiser, Jacksonville, Fla. 
C. A. Jenkins, Denver, 111. 
George W. Drury, Forsyth, 111. 
Milo A. McClelland, Knoxville, 111. 
H. A. Hazlett, Dunlap, Iowa. 
Charles A. Peterson, Honolulu, H. I. 
Thomas G. Tibby, Oakdale, 111. 
C. A. Neal, New Bedford, Mass. 
Wm. L. Robins, Washington, D. C. 


Studied With Us. 

George Barrie, Washington, D. C. 

E. A. Hoffman, Brooklyn, N. Y., State Hospital. 
J. H. Davis, Jeffersonville, 0. 

A. Rliu, Marion, O. 

J. B. Woodhull, N. Bennington, Vt. 

J. P. Elliott, Boston, Mass. 

W. F. Justus, Industry, 111. 

C. J. Nutt, Otley, la. 

D. M. Easter, Altoona, Pa. 
John Lawrence, Baltimore, Md. 
W^ Woodbridge, Central City, la. 
W. J. Lau, Baraga, Mich. 

J. N. Barker, Shelby, O. 

F. Detlefsen, Chicago, 111. 

M. T. Beaman, Douglas, Kans. 

L. Lazaro, Washington, La. 

George S. Hazard, Hollis, N. H. 

Chas. C. Zacharie, White Plains, N. Y. 

L. E. Siegelstein. 

A. Smyth. 

W. A. Daugherty, Bucyrus, O. 

J. B. Howe, Ithaca, N. Y. 

A. M. Nicks, Blunt, Ark. 

W. H. Swartz, Taylor, Tex. 

Army Officers. 

John B. Christian, Cuba, Lieut. U. S. A. 

Geo. P. White, Fort Duchesne, Utah, Lieut. U. S. 

P. St. J. Wilson, Suffolk, Va., Capt. U. S. V. 

E. L. Swift, Fort Yates, N. D., Capt. U. S. A. 
Frederick E. Stetson, Fort Sheridan, 111., Lieut. U. S. A. 
Charles C. Jameson, Watertown, Mass., Lieut. U. S. A. 
S. M. Foote, Saxton's River, Vt., Lieut. U. S. A. 

R. B. Bryan, Fort Wingate, New Mexico, Lieut. U. S. A. 

Henry De H. Waite, Toledo, O., Lieut. U. S. A. (retired), Capt. 

U. S. V. 
Thomas E. Rose, Salt Lake City, Utah, Col. U. S. A. 

G. L. McCrellis, Hampton, la., Lieut. U. S. V. 

C. McK. Saltzman, Fort Reno, O. T., Lieut. U. S. A. 
C. W. Cotton, .Jacksonville, Fla., Capt. U. S. V. 
Will M. Hatch, Battle Creek, Mich., Capt. U. S. V. 


Studied With Us. 

Benj. H. Watkins, Madison Barracks, N. Y., Lieut. U. S. A. 
H. A. Brown, San Juan, P. R., Chaplain U. S. A. 
Walter M. Lindsay, Philippine Islands, Lieut. U. S. V. 
Daniel G. Berry, Denver, Colo., Lieut. U. S. A. 
P. A. Murphy, Scranton, Pa., Lieut. U. S. A. 
M. D. Cronin, Plattsburg Barracks, N. Y., Capt. U. S. A. 
J. B. Morton, Mare Island, Cal., Lieut. U. S. N. 
W. E. Cadman, Narcoossee, Fla., Lieut. Colonel British Army, 


This list does not include employes of banks, such as tellers, 
bookkeepers, etc., of whom there are several hundred. 
Burt Fleming, West Lebanon, Ind., Cashier Farmers' Bank. 
Daniel P. Wild, Sycamore, 111., Daniel Pierce & Co. 

A. Beuthien, New Liberty, la.. Cashier New Liberty Savings 

T. C. Torrison, Ute, la.. Palmer & Torrison, Bankers. 
Charles H. Hartung, Van Home, la.. Cashier Savings Bank. 
Perry M. Thorn, Hamburgh, N. Y., Cashier The People's Bank of 

C. D. Ryder, Danbury, Conn., Treasurer Union Savings Bank. 
W. A. Watts, Lowell, Mich., Cashier The City Bank. 
Guy C. Clary, Clearmont, Mo., Cashier Jackson Bank. 
Chas. A. Potter, Nerstrand, Minn., Cashier Bank of Nerstrand. 

B. D. Bradley, Ethel, Mo., Cashier Bank of Ethel. 

F. B. Myers, Biwabik, Minn., Cashier Bank of Biwabik. 

Earl R. Conder, Orleans, Ind., Cashier National Bank of Orleans. 

E. R. Green, Overton, Neb., Cashier Alfalfa State Bank. 

Nels J. Brevig, Sacred Heart, Minn., Cashier Citizens' Bank. 

Ernst Robyn, Augusta, Mo., Cashier Bank of Augusta. 

Ray Nyemaster, Atalissa, la., Cashier Atalissa Savings Bank. 

Joseph A. Barousse, Church Point, La., Cashier Commercial 

Edw. L. Smith, Hedrick, la., Cashier Hedrick State Bank. 
Geo. W. Harris, Paulina, la., Cashier Farmers' State Bank. 
H. B. Hurd, Walpole, N. H., Treasurer The Savings Bank of 


C. J. Carlson, Cokato, Minn., Cashier Farmers' and Merchants' 

Owen A. Kimball, Sunbury, 0., Cashier The Farmers' Bank. 


Studied With Us. 

E. B. Page, Leeds, N. Dak., President First National Bank. 

W. L. Tooley, Moulton, Tex., W. L. Tooley & Co., Bankers. 

Geo. W. Wood, Jr., Ralston, Iowa, Cashier Bank of Ralston. 

Edward C. Rumph, Miami, Fla., Cashier First National Bank. 

E. R. Hamer, Dillon, S. Car., Cashier People's Bank. 

M. M. Watkins, Dillon, S. Car., Asst. Cashier People's Bank. 

J. J. Bowman, Lake City, Ark., Cashier Farmers' & Merchants' 

W. M. Clark, Baldwin, Kans., Cashier Baldwin State Bank. 

J. C. Stovall, Jameson, Mo., Cashier Bank of Jameson. 

J. E. Moore, La Crosse, Wash., Cashier First Bank of La Crosse. 

C. R. Bartlett, Bruceton Mills, W. Va., Cashier Bruceton Bank. 

J. W. Wilson, Stramsburg, Neb., President Farmers' and Mer- 
chants' Bank. 

R. F. Warren, Gutherie, Ky., Cashier Farmers' & Merchants' 

Officers of Private Corporations. 

J. B. Crabtree, Springfield, Mass., First Vice-President King- 
Richardson Publishing Co. 

Jas. A. Panting, Piano, Ore., Vice-President Burnt River Gold 
Mining & Milling Co. 

Edw. T. Barden, Houston, Tex., Manager Barden Sheets Electrical 
Construction Co. 

A. W. Behrend, Albion, N. Y., Secretary Behrend Manufacturing 


Thos. Fairbairn, Streator, 111., President Acme Coal Co. 

John P. Clark, Kingsburg, Cal., Secretary Centerville & Kings- 
burg Irrigation Ditch Co. 

Wm. J. Byrnes, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa., Assistant Secretary Jesse 
Jones Paper Box Co. 

Percy Hord, Crawfordsville, Ind., Manager Crawfordsville Water 
& Light Co. 

B. S. Dunning, Erie, Pa., Manager Dunning Marble & Granite Co. 

E. B. Ripley, Unionville, Conn., President Ripley Mnfg. Co. 

H. C. Allen, Trenton, N. J., Assistant Secretary N. J. Building, 
Loan & Investment Co. 

F. B. Seymour, Green Bay, Wis., Superintendent Green Bay & 

Western Railroad Co. 
Schuyler Duryee, Everett, Wash., General Manager Everett 
Land Co. 


Studied With Us. 

A. U. Thomas, Vernon, Tex., Manager Vernon Water Works, 

Electric Light & Ice Plants. 
J. E. Steinbeck, Paso Robles, Cal., Manager Banner Mills, Sperry 

Flour Co. 
Paul Roberts, Ironton, Ala., Secretary Clifton Iron Co. 
T. B. McCargo, Mount Airy, N. C, Trustee Sparger Bros., and 

Secretary-Treasurer Granite City Land & Improvement Co. 
Ervin A. Rice, Chicago, 111., President Ervin A. Rice Co. 
C. M. Sames, Rockford, 111., Superintendent Peter Sames. 
Elias I. Clifton, Ames, la.. Superintendent and Manager Water 

and Light Dept. City of Ames. 

E. G. Zellhoefer, Des Moines, la.. Treasurer Security Loan & 

Trust Co. 
Norman Belcher, Lincoln, Neb., Assistant Cashier Lincoln Trac- 
tion Co. 

F. B. Spalding, Denver, Colo., Assistant Secretary International 

Trust Co. 

J. C. Chaille, Otwell, Ind., Secretary Otwell Mill Co. 

Charles A. Grubb, Atlantic, la.. Manager Cass Co. Abstract & 
Title Ins. Co. 

J. E. Melick, Morristown, N. J., President Whippany River Rail- 

L. S. Owen, New York, N. Y., Secretary Crockery Board of Trade. 

E. J. Cochrane, New York, Superintendent 2d Dist. East Div. 
Postal Telegraph-Cable Co. 

W. R. Graham, Hatfield, W. Va., President Mingo Coal & Coke Co. 

W. E. Lawrence, North Yakima, Wash., Secretary the Moxee Co. 

A. L. Rasmusen, Postville, la.. Secretary Clermont Valley Cream- 
ery Co. 

Edson E. Marvin, Findlay, O., Secretary Findlay Water Works. 

W. H. Hague, Greensboro, N. C, Secretary and Treasurer The 
Hague-McCorkle Dry Goods Co. 

G. L. Erhard, Cheyenne, Wyo., President Slate Creek Mining & 

Milling Co. 

G. W. DeMuro, Inverness, Fla., Secretary Florida Orange, Canal 
& Transit Co. 

E. S. Becker, Forsyth, Mont., Secretary and Treasurer Alexander 
Mercantile Co. 

C. L. Dixon, Dobson, W. Va., Receiver Roaring Creek & Charles- 
ton R. R. Co. 

Geo. C. Baldwin, Barton, Vt., V. P. Percival Mnfg, Co. 


Studied With Us. 

Moreland B. Binford, Crawfordsville, Ind., Secretary and Treas- 
urer Crawfordsville Casket Co. 
Edgar A. Hall, Chicago, 111., Secretary Hanchett Paper Co. 
Chas. H. Mann, Jacksonville, Fla., Manager Southern Hide & 

Skin Co. 
Chas. B. Cooke, St. Louis, Mo., President J. A. Pozzoni Pharmacal 

0. B. Bannister, Muncie, Ind., Secretary Muncie Wheel Co. 
L. C. Fritch, Washington, Ind., President Washington Street 

Railway Co. 
Thos. M. Field, Kansas City, Mo., Secretary Belle Plaine Gold 

Mining Co. 
Chas. S. Morse, Jennings, La., Secretary Jennings Milling Co. 
Robt. W. Shaw, Galveston, Tex., Secretary Clark & Courts. 
E. J. Kahn, Peoria, 111., Assistant Secretary Peoria Steel & Iron 

Dell M. Potter, Clifton, Ariz., General Manager Arizona Gold 

Mining & Milling Co. 
Fred H. Foster, Billings, Mont., Secretary Billings Telephone Co. 
H. B. Sullivan, San Francisco, Cal., Secretary Pacific Axle Co. 
Harry A. Soper, Naugatuck, Conn., Treasurer Naugatuck Lumber 

& Coal Co. 
Ernest R. Ackerman, New York, N. Y., President Lawrence 

Cement Co. 
James A. Panting, Piano, Ore., President Raven Gold Mining Co. 
J. D. Woodside, Gainesville, Ga., President Gainesville Cotton 

Oil Co. 
Prof. F. J. Baker, Colorado Springs, Colo., President The Hart- 
ford Mining Co. 
James L. Bull, Passaic, N. J., Asst. Treas. Passaic Print Works. 
Cassius M. Bailey, Clinton, S. C, Asst. Treas. Clinton Cotton 

Dexter M. Ferry, Jr., Detroit, Mich., Treasurer National Pin Co. 
W. J. Burke, New York City, N. Y., Treasurer American Vitrified 

Conduit Co. 
Geo. L. Barton, Suffolk, Va., General Manager Suffolk & Carolina 

Railway Co. 
William H. Hayden, Worcester, Mass., Secretary and Treasurer 

J. J. Warren Co. 
Arthur Mackey, Angels Camp, Cal., Manager Cal. Bonanza Mine. 
W. M. Evered, Duluth, Minn., President National Iron Co. 


Studied With Us. 

E. E. McFarland, Vacaville, Cal., Secretary Premier Oil Co. 

Geo. R. Morrell, Chicago, 111., Secretary and Treasurer Inde- 
pendent Baking Powder Co. 

Walter D. Reynolds, Philadelphia, Pa., President The Common- 
wealth Provident Association. 

C. M. Kella, Houston, Tex., Secretary Empire State Oil., Coal & 
Iron Co. 

H. R. Wallace, Las Vegas, N. M., General Manager Las Vegas & 
Hot Springs Electric Railway, Light and Power Company. 

Dr. F. H. King, Boulder, Colo., President Uts Oil & Refining Co. 

H. P. Gardner, Washington, D. C, Secretary and Treasurer 
Washington Branch Sanitarium. 

Marshall Black, Palo Alto, Cal., Secretary Palo Alto Mutual 
Building and Loan Association. 

Federal Officeholders. 

Jas. Henry Booth, Roseburg, Ore., Receiver U. S. Land OflJce. 

J. P. Bridges, Roseburg, Ore., Register U. S. Land Office. 

T. V. Powderly, Scranton, Pa., Commissioner of Immigration. 

A. L. Aylesworth, Muskogee, Okla., Secretary to the Commission 
to the Five Tribes. 

Geo. A. Smith, Salt Lake City, Utah, Receiver Public Moneys for 

H. F. Bennett, City of Mexico, Mex., Private Secretary to the 
Consul General of the United States. 

Frank M. Eddy, Glenwood, Minn., Member of House of Repre- 
sentatives, United States Congress. 

Wilbur T. Gracey, Fuchau, China, Vice-Consul and Marshal 
U. S. A. 

Wm. T. Hall, Bath, Me., Referee in Bankruptcy. 

Frederick H. Rand, Jr., Miami,, Fla., United States Commissioner. 

Fred Cubberly, Cedar Keys, Fla., Collector of Customs; United 
States District Attorney. 


W. F. Bloebaum, St. Charles, Mo. 
R. W. Putnam, Paso Robles, Cal. 
S. P. Cadle, Riverton, la. 
M. E. Miskall, East Liverpool, O. 
J. F. Callahan, Casselton, N. D. 
C. A. Arner, Wellington, O. 
Chas. B. Smith, Westville, N. J. 


Studied With Us. 

L. W. Richter, Melrose Park, 111. 

B. F. Griffin, Escondldo, Cal. 
Frank E. Doremus, Portland, Mich. 
W. A. Kelley, Story City, la. 

R. E. Whitlock, Roodhouse, 111. 

Floyd Thompson, Hope, Ark. 

Joseph L. Page, Niles, N. D. 

J. I. Carter, Arlington, Tex. 

Eri Huggins, Fort Bragg, Cal. 

Louis O. Fullen, Carlsbad, New Mexico. 

C. S. Tremewan, Rowland, Nev. 

N. H. Brown, East Greenwich, R. I. 

S. C. Tidd, Santa Cruz, P. I. 

W. D. Cheek, Corregidor Island, P. I. 

W. L. Lemon, North Yakima, Washington. 

Fraternal Societies. 

W. W. Whitley, Chatham, 111., Past Sachem Improved Order of 
Red Men. 

Lillian M. Hollister, Detroit, Mich., Supreme Commander L. 0. 
T. M. of the World. 

Mrs. Belle Quinlan, Galesburg, 111., ex-Supreme Commander 
L. O. T. M. of Illinois. 

Olof Olson, Willmar, Minn., Grand Recorder A. O. U. W. Grand 
Lodge of Minnesota. 

C. W. Bollinger, Henryville, Ind., Camp Clerk, Camp No. 3761, 
Modern Woodmen of America. 

T. W. Reilly, Oshkosh, Wis., State Secretary Ancient Order of 

Jos. Berkovitz, Philadelphia, Pa., Secretary Austro-Hungarian 
Charity Society. 

R. E. Moore, Blacksburg, Va., C. O. Allegheny Lodge No. 85, 
K. of P. 

W. H. Ramsey, Handley, W. Va., State Councilor 0. U. A. M. 

C. F. Burgman, San Francisco, Cal., Great Chief of Records Im- 
proved Order of Red Men. 

John F. O'Brien, Middletown, Conn., Secretary Catholic Benevo- 
lent Legion. 

F. M. Rooney, Brooklyn, N. Y., R. V. Grand Chancellor College 
of Ancients, Supreme Council of America. 


Studied With Us. 

Theodore Davis, Rush Springs, Okla., Rush Springs Lodge No. 
30, I. 0. 0. F. 

James W. Merritt, Columbus, Pa., Secretary Equitable Aid Union. 

T. M. Patterson, Meadville, Pa., Accountant McDowell Circle No. 
232, P. H. C. 

L. H. Veilleux, Berlin, N. H., Secretary Catholic Order of For- 
esters, Berlin Court No. 345. 

W. E. Robinson, Springfield, 111., Supreme Recorder Supreme 
Court of Honor, P. L. B. 

W. T. De Line, Gettysburg, S. D., Financier Gettysburg Lodge, 
No. 35, A. O. U. W.; Clerk Gettysburg Camp, No. 3478, M. 
W. of A. 

J. J. Varner, Moran, Kans., V. C. Morantown Camp No. 930, M. 
W. of A. 

John Marshall Nye, Phenix, R. I., Grand Patron Grand Chapter 
O. E. S. of Rhode Island. 

Floyd A. Hudgins, Newport News, Va., Junior Past State Coun- 
cilor, Junior Order American Mechanics. 

W. R. Hensley, Louisville, Ky., Head Consul, Division H, Wood- 
men of the World. 

Albert Schurr, Newark, N. J., State Dep., Head Consul, Modern 
Woodmen of America. 

H. H. Harlow, Staunton, Va., Grand Patriarch Grand Encamp- 
ment of Virginia, I. O. O. F. 

Frederick M. Tansing, New York, N. Y., Master Charter Oak 
Lodge, No. 249, F. & A. M. 

Officers ix Political Organizations. 

Frank J. Higgins, Jersey City, N. J., President of the State Re- 
publican League and Treasurer of the National League of 
Republican Clubs. 

Elmer E. Grinstead, Ridgeway, Mo.. President Ridgeway Central 
Republican Club. 

Frank E. Wing, Athol, Mass., President Athol Republican Club. 

C. J. Ahlstedt, Newark, N. J., Second Vice-President McKinley 
Republican Club. 

Chas. A. Fitzpatrick, White River Junction, Vt., President Ver- 
mont Democratic Club. 

Chas. E. Avery, Missoula, Mont., President Republican League 


Studied With Us. 
Labor Organizations. 

W. D. Mahon, Detroit, Mich., President Amalgamated Associa- 
tion of Street Railway Employes of America. 

C. H. Johnson, Detroit, Mich., Secretary-Treasurer Detroit Street 
Railway Employes' Association. 

M. C. Thornton, Muncie, Ind., Secretary Muncie Trades Council. 

P. J. McKeone, East Liverpool, 0., Secretary National Brother- 
hood of Operative Potters. 

E. H. Leitch, San Jose, Cal., Organizer of California National 
Association of Postoffice Clerks. 

Chas. P. Kelly, New York, N. Y., Secretary National Association 
of Letter Carriers. 

T. V. Powderly, Scranton, Pa., ex-Master Workman Knights of 

Jas. Reid, Chicago, 111.. ex-President Amalgamated Sheet Metal 
Workers' Union. 

Eugene L. Harrison, Brunswick, Md., Sec.-Treas. Brunswick 
Division Order of R. R. Telegraphers. 

W. J. Maddock, Canon City, Colo., President Branch No. 678 of 
National Association of Letter Carriers. 

Chas. A. Mast, St. Louis, Mo., First Vice-President National Alli- 
ance of Theatrical Stage Employes. 

Luema Green-Johnson, Tacoma, Wash., National Organizer 
Knights of Labor. 

Jas. D. Walthall, San Antonio, Tex., Secy. Retail Clerks' Inter- 
national Protective Association. 

Dan McDonald, Butte, Mont., President Western Labor Union. 

C. L. Bagley, Los Angeles, Cal., Secretary Musicians' Mutual 
Protective Association, Local No. 47. 

C. W. Smith, San Bernardino, Cal., Secretary-Treasurer Inter- 
national Association of Machinists, District Lodge No. 41. 

Wm. D. Haywood, Denver, Colo., Secretary Western Federation 
of Miners. 

Miscellaneous Societies. 

J. C. Dresser, Sorento, 111., Secretary Sorento Commercial Club. 

J. J. Hauer, St. Louis, Mo., Librarian Young Men's Self-Culture 

L. L. Gilbert, Montgomery, Ala., Secretary Commercial and In- 
dustrial Association. 


Stxjdikd With Us. 

J. J. Miller, Spencervllle, O., Secretary Spencerville Home & 
Savings Association. 

Geo. H. Simpson, Columbus, Mont., Secretary Stillwater Wool- 
growers' Association. 

W. S. Huntsman, Toledo, O., President The Lincoln Club. 

L. O. Emmerich, Hazelton, Pa., President Associated Wheelmen 
of Hazelton and vicinity. 

Leon Hornstein, Chicago, 111., President Master Printers' Asso- 

Prentiss Maslin, Sacramento, Cal., Secretary Cal. Fruitgrowers' 
& Shippers' Association. 

W. R. Kennedy, Lexington, Va., President State Union Y. P. S. 
C. E. 

Sidney Van Dusen, Pittsburgh, Pa., Secretary and Treasurer 
American Association of Traveling Passenger Agents. 

C. A. Ransom, Albert Lea, Minn., Secretary Freeborn County 
Commercial Union. 

Fred L. West, Columbus, Ohio, W. H. Chapter Alpha Zeta. 

City Officials. 

Harry L. Creswell, Grand Rapids, Mich., ex-Clerk Superior Court. 

Jaret J. Chambers, Brooklyn, N. Y., Clerk City Hall District 
Police Court. 

Daniel A. Dugan, Orange, N. J., City Clerk. 

Eugene Whiting, Canton, 111., City Clerk. 

G. H. Backman, Salt Lake City, Utah, ex-City Recorder. 

Patrick J. Duane, Waltham, Mass., ex-Alderman. 

W. B. Clarkson, Jacksonville, Fla., Member of Board of Public 

Victor A. Deeker, Hawley, Pa., Secretary Borough of Hawley. 

J. H. Edwards, Decatur, Ala., City Clerk. 

John N. Westberg, Omaha, Neb., City Controller. 

George A. Baker, West Dennis, Mass., Member Board of Select- 

Hall L. Brooks, Parrish, Wis., Chairman Town of Parrish. 

Jas. Devine, Salt Lake City, Utah, Chief Engineer Fire Depart- 

Geo. L. Lusk, West Bay City, Mich., City Recorder. 

Chas. D. Dow, Brockton, Mass., City Assessor. 

Wm. J. Britton, Wolfboro, N. H., Town Clerk. 

F. E. Smith, Marysville, Cal., City Clerk and Assessor. 


Studied With Us. 

Wm. Augustus Lee, Beverly, Mass., Clerk Common Council. 

Nelson J. Ayling, Norwich, Conn., Clerk City Court. 

W. B. LaBar, Mankato, Kans., City Clerk. 

C. H. E. Boardman, Marshalltown, la.. City Attorney. 

T. L. Foote, Nephi, Utah, City Attorney. 

E. W. Howell, Yreka, Cal., City Recorder. 

John DeP. Douw, Annapolis, Md., Alderman. 

J. E. Tolman, Gloucester, Mass., President Common Council. 

John Stewart Crawford, Port Huron, Mich., Secretary Board of 

Water Commissioners. 
Horace H. Smith, Salt Lake City, Utah, City Clerk. 
J. M. HufRngton, Longview, Tex., City Attorney. 
W. W. Wyckoff, York, Neb., City Attorney. 
Richard Garvey, St. Joseph, Mo., Alderman. 
Fred O. Thompson, Pontiac, Mich., City Clerk. 
Frank C. Norton, Burlington, la., City Auditor. 
W. D. Kinsey, Bisbee, Ariz., City Clerk. 
Jay B. Green, Hawkeye, la., Town Recorder. 
Wm. Adgate Lord, Orange, N. J., City Counselor. 
Frank A. Berry, Wayne, Neb., Attorney. 
John A. Sneddon, Logan, Utah, City Attorney. 
A. C. Lockwood, Douglas, Ariz., City Attorney. 
Wm. F. Morris, Pocahontas, Va., City Attorney. 

A. V. Rieke, Fairfax, Minn., City Attorney. 


S. C. Huber, Tama, la. 

B. L. Eddy, Tillamook, Ore. 
Wilson M. Foulk, Piedmont, W. Va. 
W. S. Spratt, Richlands, Va. 

Chas. T. MaGuire, Alabama City, Ala. 

Dr. O. W. Huff, Mercur, Utah. 

Page P. Sylvan, Upper Sandusky, Ohio. 

E. T. Munea, Whitehouse, Ohio. 

Frank P. Newman, Rutherford, N. J. 

S. R. Dobbs, Ackerman, Miss. 

E. J. Hudnall, Pratt City, Ala. 

O. U. Walker, Alliance, Ohio. 

L. J. Davis, Union, Ore. 

Julian P. Kitchin, Biltmore, N. C. 


Studied With Us. 

Chas. W. Carter, Norwich, Conn., Judge of Probate. 
Otto J. Trilling, Sheboygan, Wis., Judge Municipal Court. 
J. L. DeMars, Columbia, Tex., County Judge. 
Harry Keene, St. Joseph, Mo., County Judge. 
M. 0. Aubolee, Ely, Minn., Judge of Municipal Court. 
A. F. Stearns, Roseburg, Ore., County Judge. 
P. W. Sweeney, Walsenburg, Colo., County Judge. 
E. M. Zevely, Linn., Mo., Judge of Probate. 
C. H. Chapman, Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., Judge of Probate. 
J. P. Angle, Kansas City, Kans., Probate Judge. 
Edw. Isaacs, Minnewaukan, N. D., County Judge. 
J. A. Dewry, Griffin, Ga., Probate Judge. 
Henry Blickhahn, Walsenburg, Colo., County Judge. 
Samuel H. Davis, Plankinton, S. Dak., County Judge. 
M. I. Church, Caldwell, Idaho, Judge of Probate. 
C. E. Gustavus, Madisonville, Tex., County Judge. 
Chas. C. Hagerty, Bristol, Mass., Special Justice, District Court. 
W. T. Robinson, Salmon, Ida., Probate Judge. 

Frank M. Calkins, Ashland, Ore., Circuit Judge. 

Charles T. Wortham, Napoleonville, La., District Judge. 

Tom D. McKeown, Ada, Okla., Judge District Court; ex-chairman 
State Board of Bar Examiners. 

Cou>'TY Officials. 

J. H. Hanna, Vevay, Ind., County Recorder. 

Ed. Wright, Lewiston, Mont., Clerk District Court. 

Lewis E. Magee, Westville, Miss., Clerk Circuit Court. 

John G. McCord, Williamsport, Ind., Clerk Circuit Court. 

J. D. Reese, Hayneville, Ala., County Treasurer. 

W. B. Vail, Darlington, Wis., Clerk Circuit Court. 

Harry L. Howard, Walpole, Miss., Clerk District Court. 

A. W. Jansen, Ephraim, Utah, Clerk District Court. 

Ira Fields, Whitesburg, Ky., County Attorney. 

T. J. Torpie, Nevada City, Nev., Public Administrator. 

M. H. Woodward, Louisville, Miss., County Treasurer. 

W. H. Book, Roseau, Minn., County Surveyor. 

J. C. King, Greenville, Ala., Clerk Circuit Court. 
Walter E. Woodin, Auburn, N. Y., Clerk Surrogate Court. 
Geo. Morrison, Clarksville, Texas, District Clerk. 
P. E. Leonard, Shell Lake, Wis., County Clerk. 


Studied With Us. 

A. S. Geddes, Salt Lake City, Utah, Chairman County Court. 

W. B. Boyd, La Plata, Texas, County Clerk. 

Geo. H. Dodson, Guthrie, Okla., Register of Deeds. 

W. H. Favinger, Green Center, Ind., Trustee Green Township. 

Loyal J. Miller, Osborn, Kans., Stenographer Fifteenth Judicial 

L. F. Ledgerwood, Colville, Wash., Clerk Superior Court. 

C. G. Mayson, Columbia, Miss., Clerk Circuit Court. 

R. R. Starr, Cambridge, Minn., Clerk of Court. 

J. A. Pierce, Mountain City, Tenn., County Clerk. 

E. Frank Sayre, Fort Benton, Mont., County Clerk. 

S. B. Dobbs, Chester, Miss., Clerk Circuit Court. 

R. B. McDermot, Coshocton, Ohio, Clerk of Courts. 

W. T. Mullarky, Red Lake Falls, Minn., County Auditor. 

J. E. Thackrey, Valentine, Neb., County Treasurer. 

Clyde J. Pryor, Glencoe, Minn., Clerk District Court. 

Wilbur F. Beach, Sand Beach, Mich., Official Stenographer Cir- 
cuit Court. 

William Held, Jr., Ukiah, Cal., Official Stenographer Superior 

John F. Kelton, Oneonta, Ala., Register in Chancery. 

J. R. Thorne, Olathe, Kans., Clerk District Court. 

I. G. Zumwalt, Colusa, Cal., District Attorney. 

E. H. Hoar, Merced, Cal., District Attorney. 

Ben W. Ware, Hudson, Mich., Township Clerk. 

Elmer Grimmer, Marinette, Wis., County Clerk. 

E. F. Dithmar, Baraboo, Wis., Clerk Circuit Court. 

J. E. Ganger, La Junta, Colo., County Clerk and Recorder. 

Josiah Shull, Phillipsburg, Mont., Clerk District Court. 

Fred L. Warner, Redwood Falls, Minn., Clerk District Court. 

Chas. C. Brant, Nebraska City, Neb., Register of Deeds. 

Fred H. Orr, Caro, Mich., County Clerk. 

W. T. Davis, Pineville, Ky., Clerk County Court. 

E. T. Mason, Meadville, Pa., Prothonotary. 

Guy F. Ellett, Christianburg, Va., Clerk County Court. 

Geo. A. Deakyne, Denton, Md., County Treasurer. 

Ben. R. Gray, Hailey, Idaho, Sheriff. 

W. H. H. Dickinson, Missoula, Mont., County Clerk. 

Frank Johnson, Atwood, Kans., County Clerk. 

Wm. Holder, Moro, Ore., Sheriff. 

E. B. Hill, Menominee, Wis., County Treasurer. 


Studied With Us. 

F. D. Ford, Ellsworth, Wis., County Clerk. 

L. E. Magee, Westville, Miss., Clerk Circuit Court. 

C. A. Rudel, Peoria, 111., County Clerk. 

J. W. Cobb, Charlotte, N. C, Register of Deeds. 

James A. Gibson, St. Joseph, Mo., Public Administrator. 

I. W. Keerl, Mason City, la., Clerk District Court. 

W. W. Kimball, Oshkosh, Wis., Clerk of Courts. 

Frank J. Higgins, Jersey City, N. J., Clerk Criminal Courts. 

Wm. A. Lord, Orange, N. J., Clerk District Court. 

F. E. Gordon, Nevada, Mo., Public Administrator. 

Robert H. Shields, Houghton, Mich., County Clerk. 

Wm. F. Johnston, Roscommon, Mich., County Clerk. 

R. H. McKaig, Salt Lake City, Utah, County Recorder. 

H. H. Stewart, West Superior, Wis., County Treasurer. 

M. D. Long, O'Neill, Neb., ex-County Clerk. 

C. C. Ausherman, Frederick, Md., County Commissioner. 

F. W. Mettler, Fort Benton, Mont., Official Stenographer. 

H. P. McPherson, Kansas City, Kans., ex-Clerk Probate Court. 

A. D. Mclntyre, Wetmore, Mich., County Treasurer. 

John Olson, Two Harbors, Minn., County Auditor. 

Ole T. Rikansrud, Clarion, la., County Recorder. 

Walter D. H. Hill, Ossipee, N. H., Register Probate Court. 

W. S. Metcalf, Flandreau, S. D„ Clerk of Courts. 

A. T. McAusland, Miles City, Mont., Clerk District Court. 

Fred Ffaender, New Ulm, Minn., Register of Deeds. 

O. E. Winton, Richland Center, Wis., Clerk Circuit Court. 

W. C. McFadden, Fargo, N. D., County Treasurer. 

H. W. Brewer, Lakeport, Cal., County Clerk. 

S. G. Smith, Albany, Ky., Clerk Circuit Court. 

E. D. Brown, Grafton, N. D., Clerk District Court. 

H. H. Chappell, Independence, la., Clerk District Court. 

Fred W. Schlechter, Fessenden, N. D., County Auditor. 

Wm. A. Ross, Marquette, Mich., County Clerk. 

John R. Arnold, Evanston, Wyo., County Treasurer. 

W. D. Livingston, Manti, Utah, County Recorder. 

O. G. Dale, Madison, Minn., County Auditor. 

W. J. Jameson, Butte, Mont., Public Administrator. 

Daniel Reid, Hurley, WMs., Clerk Circuit Court. 

J. W. Sammon, Evanston, Wyo., County Clerk. 

Adrain S. Brown, Pasco, Wash., County Clerk. 

H. W. Breuer, Lakeport, Cal., County Clerk. 



Studied With Us. 

James Newell, Kimball, Neb., County Commissioner. 
C. O. Orrick, Oakville, Tex., District Clerk. 

B. A. Cady, Birnamwood, Wis., District Attorney. 
Lilburn Phelps, Jamestown, Ky., County Attorney. 
G. S. Green, Hawthorne, Nev., District Attorney. 
Jas. G. Kress, Ithaca, Mich., County Clerk. 

John A. Tyson, Macon, Miss., Clerk Chancery Court. 
Geo. P. Swanson, Tuscumbia, Mo., County Treasurer. 
W. H. C. McKesson, Texline, Tex., County Attorney. 
J. E. Florin, Menominee, Wis., District Attorney. 
Chas. M. Myers, Coldwater, Kans., County Attorney. 

C. F. Sanders, Franklin, Ky., Clerk Circuit Court. 
Ole N. Olson, Menominee, Wis., Clerk Circuit Court. 
Alma B. Hill, Menominee, Wis., County Treasurer. 
Harry L. Howard, Walpole, Mass., Clerk District Court. 
L. J. Spencer, Warsaw, Ky., County Clerk. 

H. A. Chamberlain, Standish, Mich., Register of Deeds. 

E. W. Pfeiffer, Cripple Creek, Colo., Chairman Board of County 

Commissioners, and Superintendent of Poor. 
James H. Sinclair, Cooperstown, N. D., Register of Deeds. 
George B. Jones, Lebanon, Ind., County Surveyor. 
G. F. Wyvell, Glenwood, Minn., Official Stenographer District 

John A. Mark, Tawas, Mich., County Clerk. 
J. A. Currie, Jr., Bondera, Tex., County Clerk. 
Allen M. Seitz, York, Pa., Prothonotary. 
Ernest A. Curtis, Fowler, Ind., Prosecuting Attorney. 
Geo. T. Ingham, Towanda, Pa., Recorder of Deeds. 
Glenn J. Lawless, Ionia, Mich., County Clerk. 
Arthur L. Putnam, Newcastle, Wyo., County Clerk. 
W. S. Wilson, Hardin, 111., Circuit Court. 
C. R. Graves, Osage, la.. County Clerk. 
Elmer R. McPhee, Newberry, Mich., County Clerk. 
Arthur Bradt, Pagosa Springs, Colo., Sheriff. 
L. L. Raymond, Scottsbluff, Neb., County Attorney. 
John B. Doolin, Alva, Okla., Register of Deeds. 
C. R. Watson, Rawlins, Wyo., Clerk District Court. 
K. H. Rice, Neligh, Neb., Clerk District Court. 
E. A. Weimer, Oakland, Md., County Treasurer. 
W. Harry Gooding, Gaffney, S. C, County Treasurer. 
C. A. Oppenborn, Alpena, Mich., County Treasurer. 


Studied With Us. 

J. M. Horger, Newton, Tex., County Clerk. 

H. C. Duff, Phillipsburg, Kan., Clerk District Court. 

D. S. Dickinson, Ely, Nev., County Clerk District Court. 

R. M. McCracken, Blackfoot, Ida., County Attorney. 

W. H. Haw, Eureka, Cal., County Clerk. 

Otto T. Williams, Elko, Nev., District Attorney. 

Alfred R. Peaks, Foxcroft, Me., Register of Probate. 

A, A. Kirby, Pomeroy, Wash., Clerk of Courts. 

J. N. Gayner, Litchfield, Minn., County Auditor. 

Jere C. Dennis, Dadeville, Ala., County Treasurer. 

George Peterson, Pembina, N. D., Clerk of Courts. 

Charles D. Smith, Parsons, W. Va., Prosecuting Attorney. 

Charles E. Foxley, Brigham, Utah, County Attorney. 

Harris E. Galpin, Muskegon, Mich., Prosecuting Attorney. 

Philip L. Rice, Lihue, Kauai, Hawaii, Clerk Circuit Court. 

State Officials. 

Wm. M. O. Dawson, Charleston, W. Va., Governor of West Vir- 

Herbert S. Clough, Manchester, N. H., Member New Hampshire 

Robt. G. Steel, Lansing, Mich., Dept. State Treasurer. 

D. B. Garrison, Olympia, Wash., Dept. State Auditor. 

G. R. Hebard, Laramie, Wyo., Librarian State University. 
J. N. Janeway, Colfax, Wash., Dept. State Treasurer. 
Geo. D. Evans, Olympia, Wash., Dept. State Auditor. 
A. O. Nichols, Guthrie, Okla., Assistant Supt. of Public Instruc- 
Robt. C. Morris, Cheyenne, Wyo., Clerk Supreme Court. 

E. A. Curtis, Grant Park, 111., Treasurer Illinois Eastern Hospital 

for the Insane. 

J. C. Otts, Spartanburg, S. C, Member South Carolina Legislature. 

J. H. Merfill, Carbondale, Colo., Member Colorado Legislature. 

Henry G. Rickerts, Helena, Mont., Clerk Supreme Court. 

W. E. Stone, Lincoln, 111., Supervisor Illinois Asylum for Feeble 

Edward K. Graham, Chapel Hill, N. C, Librarian State Uni- 

R. C. Barrett, Des Moines, Iowa, Supt. Public Instruction. 

C. G. AUyn, Turnerville, Conn., Member State Legislature. 


Studied With Us. 

John H. Lewis, Winans, S. D., Member State Legislature. 

Wm. L. Nelson, Bunceton, Mo., Member State Legislature. 

R. Hudson Burr, Tallahassee, Fla., Member of State R. R. Com- 

J. B. Thoburn, Guthrie, Okla., Secretary State Board of Agri- 

S. E. Smalley, Cuba City, Wis., Member of State Legislature. 

E. Howard Gilkey, Columbus, Ohio, Marshal and Librarian Su- 
preme Court of Ohio. 

Wm. Adgate Lord, Orange, N. J., Member State Legislature, 1903. 

Lawrence De Graff, Des Moines, la.. Assistant Attorney General. 

George F. Wombacher, Mascoutah, 111., Member Legislature. 

A. V. Ricke, Fairfax, Minn., State Senator. 

J. A. Williams, Gainesville, Fla., State Senator. 



The Sprague Correspondence School of Law. 


(The members of the Staff conduct the Modern 
American Law Course and Service.) 

William C. Wekmuth, M.S., LL.B. 

Secretary, Blackstone Institute; graduate of Northwestern 
University Schools of Liberal Arts and Law; for several years 
an attorney for the Legal Aid Society, thereafter practicing at 
the Chicago Bar; member of the Chicago Bar Association; ad- 
mited to bar of United States Supreme Court; former lecturer, 
Law of Illinois Contracts, Northwestern University Law School; 
contributor to legal and medical periodicals; author of "Law of 
Contracts" in Modern American Law; associate editor of 
Modern American Law. 

Arthur L. Sanborn, LL.B. 

Judge, United States District Court, Western District of Wis- 
consin; graduate of University of Wisconsin; former Register of 
Deeds, Walworth County, Wisconsin; former member of the fac- 
ulty, University of Wisconsin Law School; former member of 
Board of Law Examiners, Wisconsin; editor. Supplement to Wis- 
consin Statutes, 1883, Wisconsin Statutes, 1898, and Wisconsin 
Supplement, 1906; author of the treatise on "Courts— Federal and 
State" in Modern American Law. 

Eugene Allen Gilmore, A.B., LL.B. 

Professor of Law, University of Wisconsin; graduate of Har- 
vard University; author of "The Law of Partnership"; editor 



of "Cases on Partnership"; contributor to legal periodicals; 
author of "Law on Partnerships" in Modern American Law, and 
Editor-in-Chief of Modern American Law. 

Russell Whitman, A.B., LL.B. 

Member of the Chicago Bar; graduate of Harvard Univer- 
sity; member of Illinois and Massachusetts Bar; former member 
of the State Board of Law Examiners, Illinois. 

Griffith Ogden Ellis, LL.B. 

Educated at Urbana University, Urbana, Ohio, and the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, graduating from the Law Department of 
the latter; was President and Principal of The Sprague Cor- 
respondence School of Law, editor-in-chief of "The American 
Legal News" and of "The Law Student's Helper," and author 
of lectures and books for law students. 

Leo Geeendlinger, M.C.S., C.P.A. 

Educated in Royal Commercial College of Austria and in New 
York University School of Commerce, Accounts and Finance; 
practicing accountant; formerly a member of the Accounting 
Faculty of New York University; formerly editor of the C. P. A. 
Question Department of The Journal of Accountancy; Treasurer 
of the Alexander Hamilton Institute; author of "Accountancy 
Problems," "Graded Accounting Problems," and co-author of 
"Accounting Practice" in the Modern Business Series. 

Oliver A. Haeker, A.M., LL.D. 

Dean and Professor of Law, College of Law, University of Illi- 
nois; graduate of McKendree College; received degree of LL.D. 
from Knox College; counsel for University of Illinois; former 
Judge, Appellate Court of Illinois; author of "Law of Attach- 
ments and Garnishments" in Modern American Law. 

William N. Gemmill, Ph.B., LL.B., LL.D. 

Judge, Municipal Court, Chicago; graduate of Cornell Univer- 
sity and of Northwestern University; former President, Illinois 
Branch, American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology; 


contributor to numerous legal periodicals, including Illinois Law 
Review, North American Law Review, Journal of Criminal Law 
and Criminology; author of "Practice in Civil Actions" in Mod- 
ern American Law. 

William Hoynes, LL.D., K.S.C. 

Dean, College of Law, Notre Dame University; graduate of 
the University of Michigan and University of Notre Dame; for- 
mer newspaper editor; contributor to legal and lay magazines. 

Geoege G, Bogert, A.B., LL.B. 

Assistant Professor of Law, Cornell University; graduate of 
Cornell University; member of the New York Bar; author of 
"Sale of Goods in New York," and of "Law of Trusts" in Modern 
American Law. 

Heebeet F. DeBowee, LL.B. 

Educated in the University of Wisconsin; practiced law for 
two years; engaged in selling specialties for a number of years; 
since 1911 Vice-President of the Alexander Hamilton Institute; 
also director of various business corporations; author of "The 
Art of Salesmanship," and co-author of the treatise on "Sales- 
manship" in the Modern Business Series; President of the Black- 
stone Institute. 

William G. Hale, B.S., LL.B. 

Secretary and Professor of Law, University of Illinois; gradU' 
ate of Pacific University and of Harvard University; Treasurer, 
Illinois Branch, American Institute of Criminal Law and Crimin- 
ology; former practicing member of the Oregon Bar; author of 
"Negotiable Instruments" in Modern American Law. 

John G. Campbell, A.B., LL.B. 

Member of the Chicago Bar; graduate of University of To- 
ronto and of Lake Forest University; member of Committee on 
Grievances, Chicago Bar Association. 

Feancis L. Haewood, A.B., LL.B. 

Member of the Chicago Bar; graduate of Northwestern Uni- 
versity Schools of Liberal Arts and Law; Editor of "Forms" in 
Modern American Law. 

152 blackstone institute 

Arthur M. Harris. 

Member of Seattle Bar; educated in England; special student 
Law School, University of Washington, Seattle; author of "Let- 
ters to a Young Lawyer," "Justice's Guide to the State of Wash- 
ington," and of many law stories. 

Edgar A. Jonas, Lit.B., LL.B. 

Member of the Chicago Bar; graduate of Chicago Seminar of 
Sciences and of Chicago Law School; member of the Chicago 
Bar Association; author of various legal articles. 


(The Special Lecturers prepare written lectures 
for the Modern American Law Course and Service 
on topics of current business and legal interest.) 

Hon. Paul S. Reinsch, A.B., Ph.D., LL.B. 

United States Minister to China; former Professor of Law, 
University of Wisconsin; author of "International Law" in Mod- 
ern American Law. 

Hon. William C. Fitts. 

Born Tuscaloosa, Alabama, January 30, 1869; educated at 
Southwestern Presbyterian University, Clarksville, Tennessee, 
and at University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee, and studied 
law at University of Alabama; elected Attorney General of Ala- 
bama in 1894 — re-elected in 1896; Delegate to Constitutional Con- 
vention, 1901; appointed in 1914 special assistant to Attorney 
General of United States in charge of enforcement of Anti-Trust 

Bruce Wyman, A.M., LL.B. 

Formerly Professor of Law, Harvard University; graduate of 
Harvard University; now in consulting practice as member of 
the Massachusetts Bar; sometime lecturer. Law School, Univer- 
sity of Chicago; counsel in the investigation by the Department 
of Public Utilities of the National Civic Federation; once special 
attorney for the Directors of the Port of Boston; later, consult- 


ing counsel in commerce litigation for the New York, New Haven 
and Hartford Railroad System; author of "Railroad Rate Regu- 
lation," "Public Service Corporations," "Administrative Law," 
"Control of the Market," editor of "Cases on Public Service Com- 
panies," "Cases on Mortgages"; author of "Law of Public Service 
Companies — Especially Carriers," in Modern American Law. 

Edgar Addison Bancroft, A.M., LL.B. 

General Counsel International Harvester Co. since 1907; born 
at Galesburg, Illinois, November 20, 1857; graduate of Knox Col- 
lege, and Columbia University; solicitor for Illinois of the A. T. 
& S. F. R. R. Co., 1892-5; vice-president and general solicitor 
of the Chicago & Western Indiana R. R. and the Belt Ry. Co., 
1895-1904; Republican presidential elector, 1888; President of the 
Illinois Bar Association in 1910; ex-President Chicago Bar Asso- 
ciation; author of "The Chicago Strike of 1894, 1895," and "The 
Moral Sentiment of the People, the Foundation of National Great- 
ness, 1896"; member of firm of Scott, Bancroft & Stephens. 

Henry H. Ingersoll, M.A., LL.D.* 

Former Dean, College of Law, University of Tennessee; gradu- 
ate of Yale College and of Washington College; former Super- 
intendent, Public Schools, Canton, Ohio; former Judge, Supreme 
Court of Tennessee; ex-President, Tennessee Bar Association; 
editor, "Barton's Suits in Equity"; author of "Law of Municipal 
Corporations" in Cyc, "Public Corporations" (Hornbook); and 
author of "Law of Municipal Corporations" in Modern American 

Hon. John Lawson Burnett, M.C. 

Congressman; born at Cedar Bluff, Alabama, January 20, 1854; 
studied law at Vanderbilt University; admitted to bar in 1876; 
now in practice at Gadsden, Alabama; member Alabama House 
of Representatives, 1884; Senate, 1886; member 56th to 63rd Con- 
gress (1899-1915); re-elected to 64th Congress (1915-1917), 7th 
Alabama District; Chairman Committee on Immigration and Nat- 
uralization; Member U. S. Immigration Commission, 1901—. 

William Carey Jones, M.A. 

Director and Professor, School of Jurisprudence, University of 
California; graduate of University of California; one-time Asso- 
*Deceased, April, 1915. 


ciate Professor of History and Instructor in Latin, University of 
California; author of various treatises, including "History of 
University of California" and of "Introduction," Parts I, VII, 
and VIII, of ''Law of Torts" in Modern American Law. 

Philip Nichols, A.B., LL.B. 

Of the Boston Bar; member of the firm of Hudson & Nichols; 
graduate of Harvard University; one time Assistant Corporation 
Counsel of Boston; author of "Land Damages in Massachusetts," 
"Power of Eminent Domain," "Taxation in Massachusetts," and 
of the treatises "Taxation" and "Eminent Domain" in Modern 
American Law. 

Lawrence Chamberlain, B.A., M.A. 

Banker; also Staff Lecturer on Finance at New York Univer- 
sity; occasional lecturer on Finance, Dartmouth University of 
Pennsylvania; born October 10, 1878; graduate of Yale Univer- 
sity; author of "The Principles of Bond Investment," also of 
"The Work of the Bond House," and contributor to numerous 
financial magazines and other periodicals. 

James L. Hopkins, LL.B. 

Member of the St. Louis Bar; graduate of Washington Uni- 
versity; former special patent counsel, city and county of San 
Francisco; author of "Unfair Trade," "Patents," "Trademarks"; 
editor of "Judicial Code," "Equity Rules"; author of "Banks, 
Banking and Trust Companies" and "Law of Unfair Competition 
and Good Will" in Modern American Law. 

Arthur W. Blakemore, A.B., LL.B. 

Of the Boston Bar; graduate of Harvard University; author 
of "Inheritance Taxes," "Grade Crossings in Massachusetts"; 
editor of "Wood on Evidence," "Loveland on Bankruptcy," "Gould 
and Blakemore on Bankruptcy," "Massachusetts Court Rules 
Annotated," "Ballard on Real Property" (Volumes XI and XII); 
author of "Law of Real Property" in Modern American Law. 

William L. Burdick, Ph.D., LL.B. 

Professor of Law, University of Kansas; graduate of Wesleyan 
University and of Yale University; editor of case-book on "Sales," 
and case-book on "Real Property"; author of "Elements of Sales," 


"New Trials and Appeals," and "Real Property"; contributor to 
Cyc. and Standard Encyclopedia of Procedure; author of "Law of 
Criminal Procedure" and "Landlord and Tenant" in Modern 
American Law. 

William L. Symons, LL.M., M.P.L. 

Examiner, United States Patent Office; Lecturer on Unfair 
Competition, Trademarks and Copyrights, Washington College of 
Law; former member Board of Pension Appeals under the Sec- 
retary of the Interior; member of the bar of the District of 
Columbia; author of "Law of Patents for Designs," "Copyright of 
Prints and Labels"; contributor to legal and scientific periodicals 
and author of "Copyrights" and "Trademarks" in Modern Ameri- 
can Law. 

George F. Tucker, A.B., Ph.D., LL.B. 

Member of the Boston Bar; graduate of Brown and of Boston 
University Law School; former member of the Massachusetts 
Legislature; former reporter of Supreme Court of Massachusetts; 
author, "Testamentary Forms and Notes," "Manual of Massa- 
chusetts Corporations"; joint author with Dr. Wilson of Harvard 
University of "International Law"; author of "Law of Naturaliza- 
tion" in Modern American Law. 

Harvey N. Shepard, A.B. 

Member of the Boston Bar; graduate of Harvard University; 
lecturer, School of Law, Boston University; one time first As- 
sistant Attorney General of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts; 
has been President of Boston Citj'^ Council, and is now a member 
of the Civil Service Commission of the Commonwealth; author 
of "Extraordinary Remedies" in Modern American Law. 

George F. Wells, LL.B., LL.D. 

Dean, College of Law, University of North Dakota; former 
Acting Dean, College of Law, West Virginia University; gradu- 
ate of the University of Michigan; formerly of the Law Depart- 
ment of St. John's University, Toledo; author of "Medical Juris- 
prudence" and "Torts — Miscellaneous," in Modern American Law. 

T. J. Moll, Ph.B., LL.B. 

Judge, Superior Court, Indiana; Dean, Benjamin Harrison 
Law School; graduate of DePauw University and of Cornell 


University; former Dean of Indianapolis College of Law; author 
of "Independent Contractors"; editor of Volume Two, "Business 
of Insurance"; compiler of "Contract Forms" in "Elliott on Con- 
tracts"; author of "Law of Fellow-Servant and Compensation" 
and "Law of Receivers" in Modern American Law. 

Edwin Maxey, D.C.L., LL.D. 

Professor of Law, University of Nebraska; author of "Inter- 
national Law," "Conflict of Laws;" and author of "Public Officers 
and Elections" in Modern American Law. 


(The editors and a number of the authors of 
Modern American Law are also members of the 
Staff. Some of the authors are also Special Lec- 

EuGEXE Allen Gilmoke, A.B., LL.B. 

(See Staff.) 

William C. Wermuth, M.S., LL.B. 

(See Staff.) 

John B. Winslow, A.B., LL.D. 

Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Wisconsin; former President 
American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology; author of 
"History of the Supreme Court of Wisconsin"; editor "Legal 
Forms," and author of "The Modern Democracy, The Citizen and 
The Law," in Modern American Law. 

Orein N. Carter, LL.D. 

Justice, Supreme Court of Illinois; Lecturer on "Extraordi- 
nary Legal Remedies," John Marshall Law School; Professor of 
Law and Lecturer on the "Powers and Duties of the Government 
Relating to Questions of Election and Taxation," Chicago Kent 
College of Law; former President American Institute of Criminal 
Law and Criminology, and author of "Legal Ethics" in Modern 
ATierican Law. 

the law trained man 157 

Arthur L. Sanborn^ LL.B. 

(See Staff.) 

Emlin McClain, A.m., LL.B., LL.D.** 

Dean, Law School, University of Iowa; former Professor of 
Law, Leland Stanford University Law School; formerly Chan- 
cellor University of Iowa Law School, and Judge Iowa Supreme 
Court; author, "Treatise on Criminal Law"; "Constitutional Law 
of the United States"; editor, "Annotated Statutes of Iowa," 
"Cases on Carriers," "Cases on Constitutional Law," and author 
of "Constitutional Guaranties of Fundamental Rights" in Modern 
American Law. 

George C. Holt, A.B., LL.B., LL.D. 

Former United States District Judge, Southern District of 
New York; lecturer on the Law of Shipping and Admiralty, Col- 
lege of Law, Cornell University, and author of "Patents" and 
"Admiralty Law and Practice" in Modern American Law. 

William N. Gemmill, Ph.B., LL.B., LL.D. 

(See Staff.) 

Philip Nichols, A.B.,LL.B. 

(See Special Lecturers.) 

L Maurice "Wormser, A.B., LL.B. 

Consulting Counsel, New York Bar; Professor of Law, Ford- 
ham University, New York City; Member of Carnegie Foundation 
Law Investigation; graduate of Columbia University; former 
Professor of Law, University of Illinois; former editor "Columbia 
Law Review"; author of Canfield and Wormser's "Cases on Pri- 
vate Corporations"; contributor to legal periodicals, including 
Columbia Law Review, Illinois Law Review, and Journal of 
Criminal Law and Criminology, and author of the treatise "Law 
of Private Corporations" in Modern American Law. 

John R. Rood, LL.B. 

Professor of Law, University of Michigan; editor, "Cases on 
Property," "Cases on Wills," "Cases on Crimes," and author of 
"Interpretation of Statutes" and "Judgments and Executions" in 
Modern American Law. 


Charles A. Huston, A.B., S.J.D., LL.B. 

Professor of Law, Leland Stanford Junior University, Cali- 
fornia; graduate of the University of Chicago; contributor to 
Legal Periodicals, including "Business Corporation Laws of the 
United States" in "Commercial Laws of the World," and author 
of "Law — Its Origin, Nature and Development," in Modern Ameri- 
can Law. 

John Wurts, M.A., LL.B., M.L. 

Professor of Law, Yale Law School; author "Minor and Wurts 
on Real Property"; editor, "Washburn on Real Property" (sixth 
edition); "Florida Index — Digest," and "Habeas Corpus" in 
Modern American Law. 

William P. Rogers, A.B., LL.B., LL.D. 

Dean of Cincinnati Law School; received degrees A.B. and 
LL.B. at Indiana University, and degree LL.D. at Cincinnati 
University and Miami University; former Professor and Dean of 
Law Department, Indiana University, and Professor of Law, 
Chicago University (summer quarter); contributor to legal peri- 
odicals, including "Guaranty" in Cyc. ; "Recovery of Money Paid 
Under Mistake of Law" in Michigan Law Review; "Notice of 
Acceptance in Contracts of Guaranty" in Columbia Law Review; 
"Demand of Principal Before Action Against Guarantor" in Co- 
lumbia Law Review; "Void, Illegal or Unenforceable Considera- 
tion" in Yale Law Journal; "Pooling Agreements Among Stock- 
holders" in Yale Law Journal; "A Plea for Higher Standards in 
Legal Education" in Law Student Helper; and "Superstition in 
Ancient Trials" in Ohio Law Reports. Author of the treatise on 
"Damages" in Modern American Law. 

Bruce Wyman, A.M., LL.B. 

(See Special Lecturers.) 

Paul S. Reinsch, A.B., LL.B., Ph.D. 

(See Special Lectures). 

George L. Clark, A, B., LL.B., S.J.D. 

Professor of Law, University of Missouri; graduate of Har- 
vard University; former Instructor in Law, Leland Stanford Uni- 
versity; Professor of Law, University of Illinois, and Professor of 
Law, University of Michigan; contributor to legal periodicals, in- 


eluding "Harvard Law Review" and "Michigan Law Review"; 
author of "Conflict of Laws" in Modern American Law. 

William L. Buedick, Ph.D., LL.B. 

(See Special Lecturers.) 

William E. Mikell, B.S. 

Dean, University of Pennsylvania Law School; formerly Pro- 
fessor of Law, University of Pennsylvania; graduate South Caro- 
lina Military College; editor "Cases on Criminal Law"; "Cases 
on Criminal Procedure"; contributor to Legal Periodicals, in- 
cluding "False Pretense" in Cyclopedia of Law and Procedure, 
"Life of Chief Justice Taney" in "Great American Lawyers;" 
"Limitations of the Treaty-Making Power of the Federal Govern- 
ment" in University of Pennsylvania Law Review, and "Legal 
History of Suicide" in University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 
and author of "Criminal Law" in Modern American Law. 

William E. Higgins, B.S., LL.B. 

Professor of Law, University of Kansas, and author of "Equity 
Pleading and Practice" in Modern American Law. 

Henry W. Ballantine, A.B., LL.B. 

Professor of Law, University of Wisconsin; graduate of Har- 
vard College and Harvard Law School; formerly Dean of the 
Law Department, University of Montana; formerly Assistant 
Professor, Hastings College of Law, San Francisco, and Lecturer, 
Law University of California; contributor to legal periodicals, 
including "Adapting the Case Book to the Needs of Professional 
Training" in American Law School Review; "Martial Law" in 
Columbia Law Review, "Labor Legislation and the Judicial Veto" 
in Case and Comment, "Doctrine of Consideration" in Michigan 
Law Review; "Mutuality and Consideration," Harvard Law Re- 
view; "Unconstitutional Claims of Military Authority," Yale 
Law Journal, and "Law of Contracts" in "Commercial Law of the 
World." Editor, "Blackstone's Commentaries" in Modern Ameri- 
can Law and author of treatise on "Personal Property and Bail- 
ments" in Modern American Law. 

Fredeeick W. Sciienk. 

Librarian of the Law School Library, University of Chicago; 
First Vice-President, American Association of Law Libraries; 


former Assistant Librarian, Boston Y. M. C. A., and cataloguer, 
Harvard Law Library; Managing Editor of Index to Legal Peri- 
odicals and Law Library Journal; Indexer of the volume and 
Cumulative indexes in Modern American Law. 

Dudley A. McGovney, A.B,. A.M., LL.B. 

Acting Dean and Professor of Law, Tulane University; re- 
ceived degree A.B. at Indiana University, degree A.M. at Harvard 
University, and degree LL.B. at Columbia University; former In- 
structor in Government Normal School, Manila, P. I., and former 
Instructor in Law, University of Illinois; author of "Civil Gov- 
ernment in the Philippines"; contributor to legal periodicals, in- 
cluding Columbia Law Review, American Historical Review, and 
American Journal of International Law, and author of "Inter- 
state Commerce" in Modern American Law. 

George F. Wells, LL.B., LL.D. 

(See Special Lecturers.) 

William Carey Joxes, M.A. 

(See Special Lecturers.) 

John H. Perry, M.A., LL.B. 

Lecturer on Parliamentary Law, Yale Law School; State Sena- 
tor of Connecticut; received degree M.A. from Yale University 
and degree LL.B. from Columbia University; First Vice-President 
and frequently presiding officer of Connecticut Constitutional 
Convention; was speaker of the Connecticut House of Representa- 
tives in 1889. Author of "Parliamentary Law" in Modern Ameri- 
can Law. 

Charles S. Cutting, LL.D. 

Member of the Chicago Bar; member of the Board of Law 
Examiners, Illinois; Lecturer on Probate Practice, John Marshall 
Law School; Lecturer on Probate Law, Chicago Kent College of 
Law; formerly Judge, Probate Court of Cook County, Illinois. 
Author of "Law of Descent — Wills — Administration — Guardian 
and Ward," in Modern American Law. 

Oliver A. Harkek, A.M., LL.D. 
(See Staff.) 


Frank L. Simpson, A.B., LL.D. 

Professor of Law, Boston University Law School; editor of 
"Cases on Torts," and author of "Torts — Conversion," in Modern 
American Law. 

Charles M. Hepburn, A.B., LL.B., LL.D. 

Professor of Law, Indiana University School of Law; received 
degree A.B. at Davidson College, degree LL.B. at University of 
Virginia and degree LL.D. at Miami University; former Lecturer 
on Code Pleading and on Common Law Pleading at the Cincin- 
nati Law School; author of "Historical Development of Code 
Pleading in England and America" and "Cases on Code Plead- 
ing"; contributor to legal periodicals, including "Parties" in 
Cyc, "Venue" in Cyc, and "Writ of Entry" in Cyc. Author of 
"Torts — Defamation," in Modern American Law. 

Charles E. Carpenter, A.B., A.M., LL.B. 

Professor of Law, University of Illinois; former Professor of 
Law, University of North Dakota; received degree A.B. and A.M. 
at Kansas University and degree LL.B. at Harvard University; 
former principal High school, Eureka, Kansas; formerly teacher 
in High school, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Teaching Fellow 
at Kansas University; contributor to legal periodicals, including 
"De Facto Corporations" in Harvard Law Review; author of 
treatise on the "Law of Guaranty and Suretyship" in Modern 
American Law. 

HAR\T:y N. Shepard, A.B. 
(See Special Lecturers.) 

Henry W. Humble, A.M., Ph.B., LL.B. 

Professor of Law, University of Kansas; received degrees of 
A.B. and LL.B. at University of Cincinnati; Ph.B. at University 
of Chicago; A.M. at Cornell University; former member of Cin- 
cinnati Bar; taught Political Economy at Cornell University; 
Secretary, Kansas Society of Criminal Law and Criminology; 
contributor to American Law Review; author of various legal 
articles; author of "Insurance" in Modern American Law. 

Henry H. Ingersoll, M.A., LL.D.* 

(See Special Lecturers.) 

♦Deceased, April, 1915. 


John N. Pomeroy, A.M., LL.B. 

Professor of Law, College of Law, University of Illinois; 
graduate of Yale University and of University of California; 
author of ''Equitable Remedies"; editor of "Pomeroy on Equity 
Jurisprudence" (several editions) ; chief editor, "Pomeroy's Anno- 
tated Code of California"; author of "Equity" in Modern Ameri- 
can Law. 

William L. Symons, LL.M., M.P.L. 

(See Special Lecturers.) 

Barey Gilbert, A.B., LL.B. 

Professor of Law, State University of Iowa; graduate of North- 
western University; former Professor of Law, University of Illi- 
nois and University of Iowa; author of "Iowa Probate Law" and 
"Mechem and Gilbert's Cases on Damages"; contributor to legal 
periodicals, including "The Independent Contractor," "Illinois 
Law Review,'' "The Right of Asylum," Harvard Law Review, and 
American Journal of International Law; co-author with Emlin 
McClain of "Fire Insurance" in Cyc, and author of "Torts — Neg- 
ligence and Legal Cause," in Modern American Law. 

Edwin Maxey, D.C.L., LL.D. 

(See Special Lecturers.) 

George Lawyer, A.M., LL.B. 

Professor of Law, Albany Law School; graduate of Hamilton 
College and of Albany Law School; editor, "Smith on Personal 
Property and Sales" (second edition); author of "Bankruptcy" in 
Modern American Law. 


Lecturer, Fordham University Law School, and author of the 
treatise on "Evidence" in Modern American Law. 

T. J. Moll, Ph.B., LL.M. 
(See Special Lecturers.) 

James W. McCreery. 

Lecturer on the Law of Irrigation, University of Colorado; 


author of "Water Rights and Irrigation" in Modern American 

Geoege G. Bogert, A.B., LL.B. 

(See Staff.) 

Edward E. Osborn. 

Professor of Law. University of Kansas; formerly Professor 
of Law and Acting Dean, Washburn College School of Law 
and author of "Torts-Deceit." in Modern American Law. 

Arthur W. Blakemgee, A.B., LL.B. 

(See Special Lecturers.) 

James L. Hopkins, LL.B. 

(See Special Lecturers.) 

William G. Hale, B.S., LL.B. 

(See Staff.) 

George F. Tucker, Ph.D., LL.B. 

(See Special Lecturers.) 

James W. Garner, B.S., Ph.D. 

Professor of Political Science, University of Illinois; former 
editor, Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology; author of 
"Introduction to Political Science, American Government"; au- 
thor of "Constitutional Law— 'Definition and Principles,' 'Organ- 
ization and Powers of the United States Government,' "' in Mod- 
ern American Law. 

R. L. Henry, Jr., Ph.B., J.D., B.C.L. 

Professor of Law, University of Iowa; former Dean, College 
of Law, University of North Dakota; graduate of the University 
of Chicago; former Professor of Law, Louisiana State University 
and former Assistant Professor of Law, University of Illinois;' 
author of "Law of Liens and Pledges" in Modern American Law. 

Louis B. Ewbank, LL.B. 

Professor of Law, Indiana Law School; author of "Manual of 
Indiana Appellate Practice," "Indiana Trial Evidence," "Indiana 


Criminal Law" and ''Modern Business Corporations"; author of 
"Pleadings in Civil Actions" in Modern American Law. 

JoHx C. TowNEs, LL.D, 

Professor of Law and Dean of the Law Department, Univer- 
sity of Texas; graduate of Bagler University, Waco, Texas; for- 
mer District Judge and President Association of American Law 
Schools; author, "Townes' Texas Pleadings," "Studies in Ameri- 
can Elementary Law," "General Principles of the Law of Torts," 
"Law Books and How to Use Them," "Civil Government of the 
United States and Texas," and "Elementary Civics"; author of 
"Malicious Prosecution" in Modern American Law. 

Elmer M. Liessmann, LL.B. 

Lecturer on "Persons, Illinois Law, Property Law," at North- 
western University; graduate of Northwestern University; au- 
thor of "Illinois Tax Laws and Decisions"; contributor to legal 
periodicals, including "Steam Water Rights" in Illinois Law Re- 
view; author of "Persons and Domestic Relations" in Modern 
American Law. 

William A. Ferguson, A.B., A.M., LL.B. 

Lecturer at Fordham University School of Law, New York 
City, and author of "Agency" in Modern American Law. 

H. Claude Horack, Ph.D., LL.B. 

Professor of Law, State University of Iowa; graduate of Uni- 
versity of Iowa and Harvard University; former Assistant Pro- 
fessor of Law, University of Wisconsin; editor, "Iowa State Bar 
Association Proceedings"; author of "Agency" in Modern Ameri- 
can Law. 

William E. Colby, LL.B. 

Lecturer, the Law of Mines, University of California; former 
special lecturer on the Law of Mines, Leland Stanford Jr. Univer- 
sity; Assistant Editor, third edition of "Lindley on Mines"; 
author of "History of American Mining Law" for Carnegie Insti- 
ture, Washington, D. C. ; author of "Law of Mines and Mining" 
in Modern American Law. 

Arthur M. Cathcart, A.B. 

Professor of Law, Leland Stanford Jr. University; graduate 


of Leland Stanford Jr. University; former Assistant Professor 
and Associate Professor in Leland Stanford Jr. University; for- 
mer Lecturer in Law, University of California, and former Pro- 
fessor of Law at University of Chicago; author of "Quasi-Con- 
tracts" in Modern American Law. 

Oliver S. Rundell, LL.B. 

Member of the Wisconsin Bar; former Assistant Professor of 
Law, University of Wisconsin; author of "Estoppel" in Modern 
American Law. 

Maxley 0. Hudson, A.B., A.M., LL.B. 

Associate Professor of Law, University of Missouri; author of 
"Estates Tail in Missouri"; author of "Mortgages— Real and 
Chattel," in Modern American Law. 

Francis L. Harwood, A.B., LL.B. 

(See Staff.) 

Ljautord " 


' Syracuse, N. Y. 

! Stockton, Calit. 


Los Angeles 

This book is DUE on the last date stamped below. 

AUG 2 7 1969 

?R 2 4 1970 

my 7 1975 

Form L9-Series 4939